If you think about it, the recruitment process is a process of discrimination: all other thing being equal, the recruiter is more likely to select someone with a first-class honours degree than a third, or someone with five years’ experience over a candidate with no experience, etc. The recruiter is discriminating between candidates to make the best choice.
But there are many factors that the recruiter cannot discriminate against. In addition to other laws, The Equality Act 2010 protects employees and applicants for employment against discrimination relating to certain ‘protected characteristics’.
These protected characteristics are: