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How to Be a Positive Leader by Gretchen M. Spreitzer, Jane E. Dutton

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6Engage in Job Crafting

Amy Wrzesniewski

The chances are good that at some point, you have changed an aspect of your job so that it better suited you. Whether you took a different approach to a task you were responsible for, changed an interaction pattern, or refined how you thought about the job in a more general sense, you were engaged in crafting your job. Job crafting is defined as “the physical and cognitive changes individuals make in the task or relational boundaries of their work” and encompasses a vast range of bottom-up moves made by employees to create a more optimal design of their jobs.1 For example, job crafting occurs when a marketing manager decides to bring her passion for social media into the design of a product launch.2 It ...

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