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Homeland Security

Book Description

The definitive guide to the homeland security enterprise—updated with critical changes in missions, tactics, and strategies

“[T]he best. . . .The book is extremely well organized for an undergraduate class in homeland security.”

—Homeland Security Affairs

Homeland Security is much more than a textbook. It is an indispensable reference resource for those seeking to understand how terrorists operate and the structures and mechanisms that have been developed to respond to the magnitude of the terrorist threats confronting us.”

The Washington Times

Homeland Security: A Complete Guide is the authoritative guide to the history, mission, and evolution of the national homeland security enterprise, including federal, state, local, and private sector efforts. Whether you’re a first responder, corporate executive, government official, or concerned citizen, this book provides a comprehensive understanding of U.S. homeland security and your own role in preparing for and responding to terrorism and disasters.

Since publication of the previous edition in 2005, the Department of Homeland Security, other government agencies, and the broader homeland security enterprise have grown to cover “all hazards” and respond to emerging threats and policies.

Documenting and analyzing these trends, this new edition of Homeland Security: AComplete Guide has been expanded and updated to include:

• New insights from the authors’ close contacts with high-level government and business officials

• Late-breaking academic research, government reports, and examples from the field

• Lessons learned from foiled terror plots, natural disasters, and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq

• The use of emerging technologies by terrorists and responders alike

• Controversies surrounding civil liberties, airport security, immigration, and government funding

An ideal resource for academic and training classrooms, Homeland Security: A CompleteGuide includes an overview, learning objectives, source documents, discussion topic, summary, and quiz for each chapter.

Updates to this edition cover

• Emerging threats

• Incident management

• Myths about weapons of mass destruction

• Hurricane Katrina’s effect on homeland security

• Border, maritime, and aviation security

• Business preparedness

• Cybersecurity

• The roles of state and local government

• National strategy assessment

• Technology

• Domestic counterterrorism

• Military support

• Responding to natural and human-made disasters

• The intelligence cycle

• State-sponsored terrorism

• Protecting critical infrastructure

• Foiled terror attacks

• Public awareness

• Islamist and domestic extremism

• Security trends from colonial days to 9/11

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Homeland Security
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Dedication
  5. Contents
  6. Introduction Homeland Security: A Concern and a Role for Everyone
  7. Part 1 How We Got Here from There: The Emergence of Contemporary Homeland Security
    1. Chapter 1 Homeland Security: The American Tradition
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. A Colonial Legacy: Securing Communities and Coastlines
      4. The Young Republic: Dangers from Within
      5. The New Great Power Faces Foreign Threats
      6. World War I: From Sabotage to Pandemics
      7. World War II: Safeguarding Freedom’s Arsenal
      8. The Cold War: Foreign Spies, Domestic Radicals, and Disaster Response
      9. The Threat of Shadow War
      10. Out of the Cold: Emerging Threats to America’s Homeland
      11. Chapter Summary
      12. Chapter Quiz
      13. Notes
    2. Chapter 2 The Road to 9/11: Contemporary Terrorism and the Meaning of the September 11 Attacks
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. Terrorist Trends Anticipating 9/11
      4. The Emergence of al-Qaida
      5. A Day That Changed the World
      6. Lessons for Disaster Preparedness and Response
      7. New Fears: Weapons of Mass Destruction and Disruption
      8. Chapter Summary
      9. Chapter Quiz
      10. Notes
    3. Chapter 3 The Birth of Contemporary Homeland Security: The National Response to 9/11 and Its Aftermath
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. The Response to Contemporary Terrorism
      4. International Cooperation
      5. Defensive Efforts
      6. Katrina and What Followed
      7. Back to the Border
      8. Homeland Security’s Evolving Enterprise
      9. Twilight of the Long War?
      10. Chapter Summary
      11. Chapter Quiz
      12. Notes
  8. Part 2 Homeland Security: Principles, Participants, Strategies, and Tools
    1. Chapter 4 Homeland Security Roles, Responsibilities, and Jurisdictions: International, Federal, State, and Local Government and Private Sector Responsibilities
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. The New Normalcy
      4. National Concept for Protecting the Homeland
      5. Organizing for Domestic Security
      6. The Role of the Federal Government
      7. The Role of Congress
      8. The Role of State and Local Governments
      9. Chapter Summary
      10. Chapter Quiz
      11. Notes
    2. Chapter 5 Thinking Homeland Security: Theory, Strategy, Decision-Making, Planning, and Analysis Tools
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. The Challenges
      4. Theories of Security
      5. The What and Why of Strategy
      6. National Strategies
      7. Assessing the National Strategies
      8. Strategic Management
      9. Analytical Tools
      10. Chapter Summary
      11. Chapter Quiz
      12. Notes
    3. Chapter 6 Intelligence for Homeland Security: Process, Methods, Structure, and Resources
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. What Is Intelligence?
      4. Understanding the Intelligence Cycle
      5. Methods of Intelligence Collection
      6. Security Classification and Clearances
      7. Counterintelligence and Operations Security
      8. Intelligence Organizations and Missions
      9. Oversight of Intelligence Activities
      10. State and Local Enforcement Activities and Resources
      11. Chapter Summary
      12. Chapter Quiz
    4. Chapter 7 Domestic Counterterrorism: Investigating, Preventing, and Responding to Terrorist Plots
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. The Front Lines of Terrorism
      4. Jurisdictions, Responsibilities, and Organizations
      5. Issues in Counterterrorism
      6. Components of Counterterrorism Operations
      7. Chapter Summary
      8. Chapter Quiz
      9. Notes
    5. Chapter 8 Homeland Defense and Support to Civil Authorities: Military Support for Homeland Security
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. Authority to Act
      4. Organization
      5. Forces Available
      6. Concept of Military Operations
      7. Chapter Summary
      8. Chapter Quiz
      9. Notes
    6. Chapter 9 Incident Management and Emergency Management: Responding to Human-made and Natural Disasters
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. Thinking … and Experiencing the Unthinkable
      4. The Emergency Response Challenge
      5. Management of Domestic Incidents
      6. The All-Hazards Approach
      7. Principles and Components of Emergency Management
      8. Authorities Governing Response Activities
      9. Emergency Management Systems and Operations
      10. State, Territorial, Local, and Tribal Response
      11. Domestic Incident Management Concept of Operations
      12. Issues in Disaster Response Management
      13. Chapter Summary
      14. Chapter Quiz
      15. Notes
  9. Part 3 Understanding Threats: From Terrorism to Natural Disasters
    1. Chapter 10 The Mind of the Terrorist: Why They Hate
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. Defining Terrorism
      4. Why Terrorism?
      5. Types of Terrorist Groups
      6. Suicide Terrorism
      7. The Drive for Mass Destruction
      8. Chapter Summary
      9. Chapter Quiz
      10. Notes
    2. Chapter 11 The Transnational Dimensions of Terrorism: From State Sponsors to Islamist Extremists
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. America in a Globalized World
      4. Defining Transnational Terrorism
      5. Current Threat
      6. Al-Qaida and Other Islamist Extremist Groups
      7. The Muslim World
      8. Ideology of Islamist Terrorism
      9. Common Front against the West
      10. Profiles of Significant International Terrorist Groups and State Sponsors
      11. Chapter Summary
      12. Chapter Quiz
      13. Notes
    3. Chapter 12 Domestic Terrorist Groups and Radicalization: The Threat Next Door
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. The Enemy Within
      4. Defining Domestic Terrorism and Radicalization
      5. Incidence of Domestic Terrorism
      6. Recent History of Domestic Terrorism
      7. Profiles of Significant Groups and Movements
      8. Evolving Threat
      9. Chapter Summary
      10. Chapter Quiz
      11. Notes
    4. Chapter 13 Terrorist Operations and Tactics: How Attacks Are Planned and Executed
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. Terrorist Planning
      4. The Terrorist Organization
      5. Terrorist Support Operations
      6. Phases of a Terrorist Attack
      7. Terrorist Operations
      8. Chapter Summary
      9. Chapter Quiz
      10. Notes
    5. Chapter 14 Weapons of Mass Destruction: Understanding Real Threats and Getting Beyond Hype
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. Weapons to Worry About
      4. Chemical
      5. Biological
      6. Radiological
      7. Nuclear
      8. High-Yield Explosives
      9. Chapter Summary
      10. Chapter Quiz
      11. Notes
    6. Chapter 15 Understanding Disasters and Mass Emergencies: From Earthquakes to Pandemics and Beyond
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. What Is a Disaster?
      4. Earthquakes
      5. Hurricanes
      6. Tornadoes
      7. Tsunamis
      8. Floods and Levee Breaks
      9. Volcanic Eruptions
      10. Forest Fires
      11. Landslides and Debris Flows
      12. Pandemics
      13. Hazardous Material Spills or Releases
      14. Food or Product Contamination and Animal Disease Outbreaks
      15. Severe Storms and Cold Weather
      16. Drought and Extreme Heat Conditions
      17. Structural Collapse
      18. Hostage Taking, Riots, and Targeted Violence
      19. Space Weather
      20. Chapter Summary
      21. Chapter Quiz
      22. Notes
  10. Part 4 Homeland Security in Action: Programs and Activities
    1. Chapter 16 Critical Infrastructure Protection and Key Assets: Protecting America’s Most Important Targets
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. Lifeblood of the U.S. Economy
      4. Organization
      5. Coordination for Protecting Critical Infrastructure
      6. Types of Critical Infrastructure
      7. Chapter Summary
      8. Chapter Quiz
      9. Notes
    2. Chapter 17 Business Preparedness, Continuity, and Recovery: Private Sector Response
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. New World of Disorder
      4. Definitions and Standards
      5. Changing Business Environment
      6. Voluntary Private Sector Preparedness
      7. Federal Requirements
      8. Planning for the Worst
      9. Supply Chain Security
      10. Physical Security
      11. Information Technology Continuity and Recovery
      12. Chapter Summary
      13. Chapter Quiz
      14. Notes
    3. Chapter 18 Public Awareness and Personal, Family, and Community Preparedness: Challenges and Solutions
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. The Preparedness Challenge
      4. Risk Communications
      5. Individual, Family, and Community Antiterrorism Measures
      6. Principles of Emergency Preparedness Planning
      7. Next Steps in Individual and Community Response
      8. Indications of a Terrorist Attack
      9. Chapter Summary
      10. Chapter Quiz
      11. Notes
    4. Chapter 19 The Nation Responds: Volunteer, Faith-based, Business, and Nongovernmental Assets
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. Grassroots Response
      4. Issues in Volunteer Response
      5. A National Network of Volunteers
      6. Lessons of Katrina
      7. Faith-based and Community Organizations
      8. Business Support for Homeland Security
      9. Government-sponsored Volunteers
      10. State Defense Forces
      11. Chapter Summary
      12. Chapter Quiz
      13. Notes
    5. Chapter 20 Domain Security: Border, Maritime, and Aviation Security
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. Principle of Layered Security
      4. Border Security
      5. Maritime Security
      6. Aviation Security
      7. Chapter Summary
      8. Chapter Quiz
      9. Notes
    6. Chapter 21 Cybersecurity: Protecting Cyberspace and Digital Technology
      1. Chapter Overview
      2. Chapter Learning Objectives
      3. The Threat
      4. Insider Attacks
      5. Outsider Attacks
      6. Malicious Software
      7. Human Engineering
      8. Terrorist Use of Cyberspace
      9. Cyber Defense
      10. The Role of the Private Sector
      11. Resilience and Prospects for the Future
      12. Chapter Summary
      13. Chapter Quiz
      14. Notes
  11. Appendix A: Significant Foiled U.S. Terror Plots from 9/11 to 2011
  12. Appendix B: Profiles of Significant Islamist Extremists and International Terrorist Groups and State Sponsors
  13. Index
  14. About the author