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Home Recording Studio: Build It Like the Pros, Second Edition

Book Description

More and more musicians are constructing home studios as a cost-effective solution to creating and producing music in a commercial studio. Home Recording Construction: Build It Like the Pros, SECOND EDITION presents a simple, step-by-step plan for constructing a home studio. Each step features visual aids to illustrate the underlying concept, as well as professional tips and examples of actual studios. The book covers everything from room design, electrical considerations, room treatments, and codes, permits, and special needs. The author offers over thirty years of experience and a comprehensive and cost-effective plan that will have even novices building-and recording-in no time.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
    1. Dedication
  2. Acknowledgments
  3. About the Author
  4. Introduction
    1. Companion Web Site Downloads
  5. 1. Getting Started
    1. A Variety of Equipment Options
    2. The Room’s Design
      1. Power Station—the “A” Room
      2. Hit Productions—the “H” Room
      3. Dark Pine Studios
    3. Sound Isolation
    4. What Sets This Book Apart from All the Rest
      1. Easy Explanations
      2. Thirty-Five Years of Construction Expertise
      3. The Devil Is in the Details
    5. Ensuring Quality Control Protection
      1. Doing the Job Yourself
      2. Hiring the Job Out
        1. Endnotes
  6. 2. Modes, Nodes, and Other Terms of Confusion
    1. Sound
      1. Amplitude
      2. Frequency
      3. Wavelength
    2. Room Modes
      1. Modal Waves
      2. Non-Modal Waves
        1. Back Wall Interference
        2. SBIR
    3. Other Reflective Problems
      1. Flutter Echo
      2. Comb Filtering
      3. Early Reflections and Stereo Imaging
    4. Mode Analysis
    5. Room Sizes
      1. Large Rooms
      2. Medium Rooms
      3. Small Rooms
    6. Types of Room Modes
      1. Axial Modes
      2. Tangential Modes
      3. Oblique Modes
    7. Room Ratios
    8. Mode Calculators
      1. Frequency Chart
        1. Endnotes
  7. 3. Isolation Techniques—Understanding the Concepts
    1. Mass, Mass, and More Mass
    2. Airtight Construction
    3. Eliminate Transmissions Through the Building Structure
    4. What to Avoid
  8. 4. Floor, Wall, and Ceiling Construction Details
    1. Floor Construction
      1. Simple Concrete Slabs
      2. Isolated Concrete Slabs
      3. Floating Concrete Slabs
    2. Description of Test Specimen
      1. Test Methods
        1. A) Impact Test
        2. B) Airborne Sound Transmission Loss Test
      2. Test Configuration
      3. Test Results
        1. A) Impact Noise Rating (INR)
        2. B) Field Sound Transmission Class
      4. Floating Wood Decks
      5. Sand-Filled Wooden Decks
    3. Wall Construction
      1. Existing Walls
      2. Wood Walls
        1. Single-Wall Construction
        2. Resilient Channel/RISC Assemblies
        3. Dual Frame Assemblies
      3. Steel Framing
      4. Masonry Construction
    4. Ceiling Construction
      1. Working with Existing Ceilings/Floors
      2. Resilient Channel Ceilings
      3. Suspended Ceilings
      4. Semi-Independent Frame Ceilings
      5. Independently Framed Ceilings
    5. Additional Isolation Products
    6. Damping Systems
    7. Optional Systems
      1. Endnotes
  9. 5. Window and Door Construction
    1. Glass
      1. Float Glass
      2. Heat-Strengthened or Tempered Glass
      3. Laminate Glass
      4. Plexiglass
    2. Window Frame Construction and Isolating Techniques
      1. Window Frames and Trims
      2. Glass Thickness
    3. Manufactured Window Units
    4. Constructing Doors
      1. Door Frame Construction
      2. Windows in Doors
      3. Door Hardware
      4. Adding Insulating Panels to Door Assemblies
      5. The Finished Product
    5. Manufactured Doors
      1. Endnotes
  10. 6. Electrical Considerations
    1. Line Voltage
    2. Low Voltage
    3. Electrical Noise
      1. Ground Loops
      2. Ground Loop Solutions
    4. Isolated Ground Receptacles and Star Grounding
    5. Lighting
      1. What Is Radio Frequency Interference (RFI)?
        1. Radiated RFI
        2. Conducted RFI
      2. The How’s and Why’s of Lighting Noise
    6. Diagnosing and Troubleshooting Problems
    7. Some Common Problems
    8. Fixing the Problem
      1. Endnotes
  11. 7. HVAC Design Concepts
    1. Getting Started
    2. Room Design Criteria
      1. Btu Output
        1. The People Factor
        2. Room Calculations
        3. Sensible Loads and Latent Loads
        4. Back to People
        5. Fresh Air
      2. Why Should I Care About Humidity?
        1. Mold
      3. Understanding the System as a Whole
        1. Volume versus Velocity
    3. System Options
      1. Split/Packaged Direct-Expansion (DX) Air Conditioners
      2. Through-the-Wall Systems
      3. Ductless Mini-Split Systems
      4. Portable Air Conditioners
      5. Evaporative Coolers
      6. Exchange Chambers
    4. Combination Cooling/Heating Systems
      1. Split Systems
        1. Split Systems with DX Coils
        2. Split Systems with Heat Pumps
      2. Through-the-Wall Systems
        1. Packaged Terminal Air Conditioner (PTAC)
        2. Electric Heat Air Conditioners
      3. Exchange Chambers
    5. Separate Systems
    6. System Design
    7. Noise-Level Design Guides
      1. Endnotes
  12. 8. Room Testing
    1. Getting Down the Basics
    2. Sound
    3. The Software
    4. Room Anomalies
      1. Early Reflections
      2. Resonant Sounds
    5. Tools of the Trade
      1. Impulse Response
      2. Frequency Response Curve
      3. Gating
      4. Waterfalls
      5. Psychological Response
    6. Proper Use of the Software
      1. The Nature of Scientific Measurements and Experiments
      2. Hardware Connections
        1. Loopback for Left and Right Channels
        2. Sound Card Connections
      3. Data Gathering
        1. The Data Gathering Screen
        2. Channel Level Indicators
        3. Signal-to-Noise Ratios
        4. Signal Types
      4. About Signal-to-Noise Ratios
        1. SNR—Utilizing the Waterfall Plot
      5. Operation of Analyzers
        1. Repeatable, Precise, Accurate, and Relevant Measurements
        2. Measuring LF Response
        3. Measuring Your Speaker’s Power Response
        4. How Many Measurements Are Needed?
        5. Early Reflections
        6. Isolation Between Spaces
    7. Parametric EQ
      1. Endnotes
  13. 9. Room Treatments
    1. Low-Frequency Control
    2. Pressure Devices
    3. Velocity Devices
    4. Hybrid Devices
    5. Early Reflection Control
    6. Absorption Coefficient
    7. DIY Treatments
      1. Fiberglass Panels
      2. Low-Bass Panel Traps
      3. Helmholtz Traps
      4. Mid/High-Bass Absorbers
      5. Diffusors
        1. Quadratic Residue Diffusors
        2. Polycylindrical Diffusors
        3. Make the Best Use of Your Space
        4. Ceiling Clouds
    8. Manufactured Treatments
      1. Auralex
        1. SpaceArray
        2. Space-Coupler
        3. AudioTile
      2. RealTraps
        1. MiniTraps
        2. The Real Traps Diffusor
        3. More Information
      3. GIK Acoustics
        1. GIK 244—2x4 Acoustic 4″ Panel
        2. GIK 242—2 x 4 Acoustic 2″ Panel
        3. More Information
      4. Ready Acoustics
        1. More Information
    9. So Where Do We Go from Here?
      1. Endnotes
  14. 10. Putting It All Together
    1. Studio Design and Detailing
      1. On to Options
      2. HVAC Systems
      3. Developing the Details
    2. A Few Different Case Scenarios for Your Perusal
      1. An Inexpensive but Effective Decoupling Floor System
      2. Beefing Up Garage (or Other Exterior) Wall Assemblies
      3. Attics and Other Room Spaces Inside of Your Home
        1. Floating Your Walls
        2. Dealing with Existing Roof Structures
        3. Masonry Construction
      4. Studio Treatments
        1. First a Bit of History
        2. Beyond History
    3. The Finished Product
      1. Endnotes
  15. 11. Myths and Legends
    1. Some Popular Myths and Legends
      1. Fiberglass
        1. Background Information
        2. My Advice
      2. Egg Crates and Other Great Acoustic Treatments
        1. Carpets
        2. Packing Foams
        3. Mattresses
      3. Please Buy Our “Soundproofing” Materials
      4. Close Is Good Enough
        1. The Human Factor
        2. Product Deficiency
        3. Trust Me—I Really Have Heard It All
    2. The Final Word on Myths
      1. Endnotes
  16. 12. Codes, Permits, and Special Needs
    1. Building Officials
    2. Structural Analysis of the Proposed Work
      1. Problems Relating to the Bearing Capacity of Earth
      2. Unstable Conditions Caused by the Addition of Bearing Walls
  17. Glossary of Terms
    1. A
    2. B
    3. C
    4. D
    5. E
    6. F
    7. G
    8. H
    9. I
    10. J
    11. K
    12. L
    13. M
    14. N
    15. O
    16. P
    17. R
    18. S
    19. T
    20. U
    21. V
    22. W
  18. Online Tools