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High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) for Energy Applications

Book Description

High temperature superconductors (HTS) offer many advantages through their application in electrical systems, including high efficiency performance and high throughput with low-electrical losses. While cryogenic cooling and precision materials manufacture is required to achieve this goal, cost reductions without significant performance loss are being achieved through the advanced design and development of HTS wires, cables and magnets, along with improvements in manufacturing methods. This book explores the fundamental principles, design and development of HTS materials and their practical applications in energy systems.

Part one describes the fundamental science, engineering and development of particular HTS components such as wires and tapes, cables, coils and magnets and discusses the cryogenics and electromagnetic modelling of HTS systems and materials. Part two reviews the types of energy applications that HTS materials are used in, including fault current limiters, power cables and energy storage, as well as their application in rotating machinery for improved electrical efficiencies, and in fusion technologies and accelerator systems where HTS magnets are becoming essential enabling technologies.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, High temperature superconductors (HTS) for energy applications is an invaluable reference tool for anyone involved or interested in HTS materials and their application in energy systems, including materials scientists and electrical engineers, energy consultants, HTS materials manufacturers and designers, and researchers and academics in this field.

  • Discusses fundamental issues and developments of particular HTS components
  • Comprehensively reviews the design and development of HTS materials and then applications in energy systems
  • Reviews the use of HTS materials and cabling transmissions, fault alignment limiters, energy storage, generators and motors, fusion and accelerator

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  7. Dedication
  8. Preface
  9. Part I: Fundamental science and engineering of high temperature superconductor (HTS) materials and components
    1. Chapter 1: Fundamental issues in high temperature superconductor (HTS) materials science and engineering
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 Fundamental superconductor physics
      4. 1.3 Types, properties and performance of HTS materials
      5. 1.4 Manufacturing methods for HTS materials
      6. 1.5 Challenges and future trends
      7. 1.6 Conclusions
    2. Chapter 2: High temperature superconductor (HTS) wires and tapes
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Challenges with high temperature superconductor (HTS) wires and tapes
      4. 2.3 Manufacturing scale-up of 2G HTS tapes and prototype devices
      5. 2.4 Future of HTS wires and tapes and current research focus
      6. 2.5 Conclusions
    3. Chapter 3: High temperature superconductor (HTS) cables
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Short survey on properties and availability of technical long length high temperature superconductors (HTS)
      4. 3.3 Basic requirements for cables for different applications
      5. 3.4 HTS cable configurations
      6. 3.5 Future trends and challenges
      7. 3.6 Conclusions
    4. Chapter 4: Bulk high temperature superconductor (HTS) materials
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 Design of bulk high temperature superconductor (HTS) materials
      4. 4.3 Development and application of bulk HTS materials
      5. 4.4 Challenges and future trends
      6. 4.5 Technological and commercial barriers to adoption of bulk superconductors
      7. 4.6 Future trends
    5. Chapter 5: High temperature superconductor (HTS) magnets
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Electromagnets
      4. 5.3 Superconducting magnets
      5. 5.4 Superconducting wires
      6. 5.5 Examples of HTS magnets
      7. 5.6 Future trends
      8. 5.7 Conclusions
      9. 5.8 Acknowledgements
    6. Chapter 6: Cryogenics for high temperature superconductor (HTS) systems
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Cooling methods for superconducting magnets
      4. 6.3 Cryogenics issues: cooling sources, heat sources and measurement
      5. 6.4 Cryostat construction
      6. 6.5 Cooler performance
      7. 6.6 Thermometry
      8. 6.7 Development and applications of cryogenics for HTS systems
      9. 6.8 Challenges and requirements
      10. 6.9 Typical guidelines for cryogen-free magnet systems
      11. 6.10 Conclusions
      12. 6.12 Acknowledgement
    7. Chapter 7: Electromagnetic modeling of high temperature superconductor (HTS) materials and applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Overview of modeling approaches for HTS materials
      4. 7.3 Modeling methods for DC conditions
      5. 7.4 Modeling methods for AC conditions
      6. 7.5 Future challenges and trends
      7. 7.6 Conclusions
      8. 7.7 Acknowledgment
  10. Part II: Application of high temperature superconductor (HTS) materials and components in energy systems
    1. Chapter 8: Superconducting fault current limiters and power cables
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 Fault current limiters
      4. 8.3 Superconducting power cables
      5. 8.4 Conclusions
    2. Chapter 9: Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) systems
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) systems limitations
      4. 9.3 Superconducting magnet
      5. 9.4 SMES uses and history
      6. 9.5 Conclusions
      7. 9.6 Acknowledgments
    3. Chapter 10: Application of high temperature superconductor (HTS) technology in rotating machinery
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Types, properties and performance of high temperature superconductor (HTS) generators and motors
      4. 10.3 Fundamental design and development issues for HTS generators and motors
      5. 10.4 Key requirements for successfully applying HTS technology
      6. 10.5 Challenges and future trends
      7. 10.6 Conclusions
    4. Chapter 11: High temperature superconductors (HTS) in fusion technologies
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Magnetic field and magnet current density considerations for a fusion reactor
      4. 11.3 Operating temperature of the magnet system
      5. 11.4 Indications for the cooling system of the fusion reactor magnet system
      6. 11.5 Potential HTS conductors and superconducting material for future fusion reactors
      7. 11.6 HTS current leads
      8. 11.7 Conclusion
    5. Chapter 12: High temperature superconductors (HTS) in accelerator systems
      1. Abstract:
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Fundamental issues for HTS in accelerators
      4. 12.3 Types, properties and development of HTS for accelerators
      5. 12.4 Applications of HTS in accelerators
      6. 12.5 Challenges and future trends
      7. 12.6 Conclusions
      8. 12.7 Sources of further information and advice
  11. Index