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High Temperature Polymer Blends

Book Description

Polymer blends offer properties not easily obtained through the use of a single polymer, including the ability to withstand high temperature conditions. High Temperature Polymer Blends outlines the characteristics, developments and use of high temperature polymer blends.

The first chapter provides an introduction to high temperature polymer blends, their general principles and thermodynamics. Further chapters go on to deal with the characterization of high temperature polymer blends for specific uses such as fuel cells and aerospace applications. Different types of high temperature polymer blends are discussed, including liquid crystal polymers, polysulfones and polybenzimidazole polymer blends and their commercial applications.

High Temperature Polymer Blends provides a key reference for material scientists, polymer scientists, chemists and plastic engineers, as well as academics in these fields.



  • Reviews characterisation methods and analysis of the thermodynamic properties of high temperature polymer blands
  • Reviews the use of materials such as liquid crystals as reinforcements as well as applications in such areas as energy and aerospace engineering

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Contributor contact details
  7. Chapter 1: Introduction to high temperature polymer blends
    1. Abstract:
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 General principles of polymer blending
    4. 1.3 Thermodynamics of polymer blends
    5. 1.4 Immiscible blends
    6. 1.5 Conclusions
  8. Chapter 2: Characterization methods for high temperature polymer blends
    1. Abstract:
    2. 2.1 Introduction
    3. 2.2 High temperature polymer blends (HTPBs)
    4. 2.3 Methods of polymer characterization
    5. 2.4 Characterization of polymer blends
    6. 2.5 Characterization of HTPBs: chemical constitutions and molecular weights
    7. 2.6 Characterization of HTPBs: chemical-, thermal-, mechanical- and radiation-induced degradation
    8. 2.7 Stabilization of HTPBs
    9. 2.8 Challenges in blending polymers
    10. 2.9 Summary
    11. 2.10 Future trends
    12. 2.12 Appendix: Nomenclature
  9. Chapter 3: Characterization of high temperature polymer blends for specific applications: fuel cells and aerospace applications
    1. Abstract:
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 High temperature polymer blends (HTPBs) for membrane applications
    4. 3.3 Fuel cell (FC) membrane applications
    5. 3.4 Characterization of HTPBs for FC applications
    6. 3.5 Solar cell (SC) applications
    7. 3.6 Characterization of HTPBs for polymeric solar cells (PSCs)
    8. 3.7 Aerospace applications
    9. 3.8 Characterization of HTPBs for aerospace applications
    10. 3.9 Summary
    11. 3.11 Appendix: Nomenclature
  10. Chapter 4: Thermodynamics of high temperature polymer blends
    1. Abstract:
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Blending miscible high temperature polymers
    4. 4.3 Poly (2,2' (m-phenylene)-5-5' bibenzimidazole) (PBI) blends
    5. 4.4 Polyimide blends
    6. 4.5 Liquid crystal polymer blends
    7. 4.6 Molecular composites
    8. 4.7 Conclusions
    9. 4.8 Sources of further information and advice
  11. Chapter 5: Liquid crystal polymers (LCPs) as a reinforcement in high temperature polymer blends
    1. Abstract:
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 Researching liquid crystal polymers (LCPs)
    4. 5.3 Liquid crystals
    5. 5.4 Polymer liquid crystals
    6. 5.5 Blends of isotropic and anisotropic thermotropic polymers
    7. 5.6 Processability of LCP/thermoplastic blends
    8. 5.7 Structure–property relationships of LCP blended materials
    9. 5.8 Commercial LCP blends
    10. 5.9 Conclusions and future trends
  12. Chapter 6: Polysulfones as a reinforcement in high temperature polymer blends
    1. Abstract:
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Structure and properties of polysulfone
    4. 6.3 Issues in blending polysulfone with other high temperature polymers
    5. 6.4 Physical properties of polysulfone blends
    6. 6.5 Polysulfone/thermoset mixtures
    7. 6.6 Conclusions
    8. 6.7 Sources of further information and advice
  13. Chapter 7: Polybenzimidazole (PBI) high temperature polymers and blends
    1. Abstract:
    2. 7.1 Introduction
    3. 7.2 Processing of polybenzimidazole (PBI)
    4. 7.3 PBI blends
    5. 7.4 PBI–polyetherketoneketone (PEKK) blends
    6. 7.5 PBI–polyetherimide (PEI) blends
    7. 7.6 PBI–polyaryletherketone (PAEK)–PEI blends
    8. 7.7 PBI–polyarylate (PA) blends
    9. 7.8 PBI–polysulfone (PS) blends
    10. 7.9 PBI–polyimide (PI) and PBI–polyamide-imide (PAI) blends
    11. 7.10 PBI–poly (bisphenol-A carbonate) (PC) and PBI–polybenzoxazole (PBO) blends
    12. 7.11 PBI–poly(4-vinyl pyridine) (PVPy) and other blends
    13. 7.11.1 PBI–poly(4-vinyl pyridine) (PVPy) blends
    14. 7.11.2 Other blends
    15. 7.12 PBI commercial products
    16. 7.13 PBI in high temperature applications
    17. 7.14 Future trends
    18. 7.15 Sources of further information and advice
  14. Index