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Handbook of Research on Mobility and Computing

Book Description

Mobility and Computing have experienced an amazing evolution during the last decade, impacting business, economy, and society, enabling new organizational models, new ways of working, new inter-organizational dynamics, increased flexibility, efficiency, and effectiveness in all sectors of activity. The Handbook of Research on Mobility and Computing: Evolving Technologies and Ubiquitous Impacts discusses the main issues, challenges, opportunities, and trends related to this explosive range of new developments and applications, in constant evolution, and impacting every organization and society as a whole. This two volume handbook supports post-graduate students, teachers, and researchers, as well as IT professionals and managers. It is a valuable addition to any research collection.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Foreword
    1. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES AVAILABLE
    2. CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE BOOK
  4. Acknowledgment
  5. Section 1: Mobile Technologies
    1. Chapter 1: Evaluating the Context Aware Browser
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORK
      4. EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. LESSONS LEARNED
      7. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 2: Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TOPOLOGICAL ROUTING
      4. POSITION BASED ROUTING
      5. ROUTING WITH A REALISTIC PHYSICAL LAYER
      6. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 3: Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MANET ROUTING PROTOCOLS
      5. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    4. Chapter 4: Convergence of Wireless Technologies in Consolidating E-Government Applications in Sub-Saharan Africa
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CASE STUDIES
      4. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 5: Process Innovation with Ambient Intelligence (AmI) Technologies in Manufacturing SMEs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE TECHNOLOGY IN MANUFACTURING
      5. METHODOLOGY AND DATA COLLECTION
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION AND DIRECTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
      8. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 6: Providing Ubiquitous Access to Synthetic Sign Language Contents over Multiple Platforms
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DISTRIBUTED ARCHITECTURE
      5. FINAL USER DEVICE ADAPTATION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 7: The impact of MIMO Communication on Non-Frequency Selective Channels Performance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FROM SISO TO MIMO SYSTEMS
      5. MIMO AND LTE
      6. MIMO SYSTEM MODEL AND QUALITY CRITERIA
      7. BIT- AND POWER ALLOCATION
      8. ADAPTIVE POWER ALLOCATION
      9. RESULTS
      10. IMPLEMENTATION ASPECTS
      11. FUTURE RESEARCH
      12. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 8: Node Localization in Ad-hoc Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. I. INTRODUCTION
      3. II. WIRELESS CHANNELS AND LOCALIZATION
      4. III. LOCALIZATION TECHNIQUES
      5. IV. LOCALIZATION TECHNIQUES COMPARISON
      6. V. LOS/NLOS DISCRIMINATION AND NLOS MITIGATION/LOCALIZATION
      7. VI. CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 9: Wireless and Mobile Technologies Improving Diabetes Self-Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. STATE OF THE ART: MOBILE SELF-MANAGEMENT DIABETES SYSTEMS
      5. CONCLUSION
    10. Chapter 10: Adaptive Multicarrier Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum Combined with Channel Coding
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROPOSED METHOD FOR GENERATING QC-LDPC CODES
      4. MULTICARRIER FREQUENCY HOPPING SPREAD SPECTRUM MODEL
      5. OVERALL SYSTEM SETUP AND IMPLEMENTATION USING VECTOR SIGNAL ANALYZER
      6. SUMMARY
      7. Appendix
    11. Chapter 11: Key Adoption Challenges and Issues of B2B E-Commerce in the Healthcare Sector
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BENEFITS OF B2B E-COMMERCE IN HEALTHCARE
      4. GOVERNMENT/INDUSTRY B2B E-COMMERCE INITIATIVES IN HEALTHCARE
      5. MAJOR PROBLEMS OF B2B E-COMMERCE IN HEALTHCARE
      6. RESEARCH METHODS
      7. RESEARCH FINDINGS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    12. Chapter 12: A Pervasive Polling Secret-Sharing Based Access Control Protocol for Sensitive Information
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. OUR PROPOSAL
      5. CONCLUSION
    13. Chapter 13: Mobile Location-Based Recommender
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORKS
      4. MOBILE LOCATION-BASED RECOMMENDER (MLBR)
      5. MLBR CHARACTERISTICS
      6. MLBR IN M-COMMERCE
      7. SCENARIO
      8. ARCHITECTURE AND COMPONENTS
      9. A PROTOTYPE MLBR-COUPON
      10. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH
    14. Chapter 14: Success Cases for Mobile Devices in a Real Universitary Scenario
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ACADEMIC APPLICATIONS FOR MOBILES IN A UNIVERSITARY SCENARIO
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    15. Chapter 15: Event Detection in Wireless Sensor Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THRESHOLD-BASED EVENT DETECTION
      5. SCHEMES FOR COMPLEX EVENT DETECTION
      6. COMPARISON OF EVENT DETECTION SCHEMES
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    16. Chapter 16: M-English – Podcast
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE STUDY
      5. THE RESULTS OF THE INQUIRIES
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    17. Chapter 17: Public Safety Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PHASES
      4. 3 IMPORTANT FACTORS FOR PUBLIC SAFETY NETWORKS IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
      5. TERRESTRIAL AND SATELLITE PUBLIC SAFETY SYSTEMS FOR EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS: STATE OF THE ART
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    18. Chapter 18: Mobile Applications as Mobile Learning and Performance Support Tools in Psychotherapy Activities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MOBILE LEARNING, PERFORMANCE SUPPORT AND INFORMAL LEARNING
      5. MOBILE LEARNING CHALLENGES
    19. Chapter 19: CampusLocator
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND
      4. 3. ONTOLOGY
      5. 4. ARCHITECTURE AND COMPONENTS
      6. 5. CHARACTERISTICS
      7. 6. PROTOTYPE
      8. 7. EVALUATION STRATEGY
      9. 8. SUMMARY AND FUTURE RESEARCH
    20. Chapter 20: The Future of WiMAX
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE FUTURE OF WIMAX
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS AND CONCLUSION
    21. Chapter 21: Determinants of Loyalty Intention in Portuguese Mobile Market
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK AND HYPOTHESES
      5. DATA TREATMENT AND RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    22. Chapter 22: Mobile Agents
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MOBILE AGENTS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    23. Chapter 23: Vehicular Delay Tolerant Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CHALLENGES AND TECHNIQUES
      5. CONCLUSION
    24. Chapter 24: Monitoring the Learning Process through the use of Mobile Devices
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. A SYSTEM OF CLASSROOM CONTROL
      5. CONCLUSION
    25. Chapter 25: The Making of Nomadic Work
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY AND NOMADIC WORK
      3. ISSUES RELATED TO KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY NOMADIC WORK
      4. TECHNOLOGICAL APPARATUS
      5. LOST IN THE MIDST OF A CONSTELLATION OF ICTS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    26. Chapter 26: I-Gate
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE I-GATE ARCHITECTURE
      5. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE I-GATE
      6. CASE STUDIES
      7. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
      8. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
    27. Chapter 27: Connector – A Geolocated Mobile Social Service
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORK
      4. THE CONNECTOR SYSTEM
      5. PRELIMINARY EVALUATION RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS
    28. Chapter 28: Providing VoIP and IPTV Services in WLANs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORK
      4. VOIP AND IPTV TRANSMISSION PROTOCOLS
      5. VOIP AND IPTV FORMATS
      6. IPTV FORMATS AND MPEG COMPRESSION AND TRANSPORT STREAMS
      7. PROVIDED UBIQUITY IN MULTIMEDIA SCENARIOS
      8. CONCLUSION
    29. Chapter 29: SIe-Health, e-Health Information System
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TECHNOLOGIES, INFORMATION SOURCES AND STANDARDS USED
      4. E-HEALTH SYSTEMS
      5. RELATED WORKS
      6. SIE-HEALTH ARCHITECTURE
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    30. Chapter 30: Combining Location Tracking and RFID Tagging toward an Improved Research Infrastructure
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. COMBINING RFID AND LOCATION AWARENESS IN TAGIT
      5. ASSESSING TAGIT
      6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH
    31. Chapter 31: Model and Infrastructure for Communications in Context-Aware Services
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUNDS
      4. OUR PROPOSAL
      5. VALIDATION OF PROPOSAL
      6. CONCLUSION
    32. Chapter 32: Network Mobility and Mobile Applications Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DEVELOPING MOBILE SOLUTIONS CONSIDERING THE DEVICE AUTONOMY
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    33. Chapter 33: Building Mobile Sensor Networks Using Smartphones and Web Services
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MOTIVATING CASE STUDY
      4. CHALLENGES OF TRADITIONAL WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS
      5. SMARTPHONE AND WEB SERVICE SOLUTIONS FOR TRADITIONAL WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK CHALLENGES
      6. ISSUES INTRODUCED BY POWERING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS WITH SMARTPHONES AND WEB SERVICES
      7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR POWERING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS WITH SMARTPHONES AND WEB SERVICES
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUDING REMARKS
    34. Chapter 34: Technologies to Improve the Quality of Handovers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A TAXONOMY FOR HANDOVER MANAGEMENT
      4. THE GOOD USE OF CONTEXT INFORMATION
      5. LOW LEVEL MANAGEMENT OF HANDOVERS IN NGN WITH CONTEXT AGGREGATION
      6. APPLICATION LEVEL HANDOVER MANAGEMENT
      7. ONTOLOGIES FOR FACILITATING THE UTILIZATION OF CONTEXTUAL INFORMATION IN HANDOVER DECISION USING AN EXTENDED IEEE 802.21 MODEL
      8. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE TRENDS
    35. Chapter 35: Making Location-Aware Computing Working Accurately in Smart Spaces
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE STATE OF THE ART OF LOCATION AWARE COMPUTING
      4. PROBLEM ON USER LOCATION DETERMINATION
      5. INDOOR LOCATION DETERMINATION ALGORITHM
      6. ALGORITHM TO EVALUATE TRAINING DATA SET
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. SEAMLESS OPPORTUNISTIC LOCALISATION
      9. SEAMLESS SENSOR FUSION
      10. DISCUSSION
      11. CONCLUSION
    36. Chapter 36: User Pro-Activities Based on Context History
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONTEXT AND CONTEXT-AWARENESS
      4. CONTEXT-AWARE COMPUTING
      5. RELATED WORK IN USER ACTIVITIES
      6. USER ACTIVITIES, CONTEXT HISTORIES AND CONTEXT PREDICTION
      7. THE PATTERN OF USER MOBILITY BASED ON CONTEXT HISTORY
      8. PRO-ACTIVITY: BENEFITS AND ISSUES
      9. CONCLUSION
  6. Section 2: Emerging Technologies
    1. Chapter 37: Research Challenge of Locally Computed Ubiquitous Data Mining1
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES AND PROBLEMS OF UBIQUITOUS DATA MINING
      4. RELATED APPLICATIONS
      5. AUTONOMOUS MINING ON MOBILE DEVICES
      6. ANALYSIS OF EXISTING APPROACHES
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH CHALLENGES
      8. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 38: Emerging Wireless Networks for Social Applications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STATE OF THE ART OF ROUTING ALGORITHMS FOR WIRELESS MESH NETWORKS
      4. WIRELESS MESH NETWORK TESTBEDS
      5. SOCIAL ISSUES IN THE APPLICATION OF MOBILE AND LOCAL WIRELESS NETWORKS
      6. PANDORA PROTOCOL
      7. TESTING THE PANDORA PROTOCOL
      8. TESTBEDS UTILIZED FOR EVALUATING THROUGHPUT AND END-TO-END DELAY IN THE PANDORA PROTOCOL
      9. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF THE PANDORA PROTOCOL
      10. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 39: An Approach to Mobile Grid Platforms for the Development and Support of Complex Ubiquitous Applications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. A PROGRAMMING MODEL APPROACH
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 40: Towards a Programming Model for Ubiquitous Computing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. HOLOLANGUAGE
      5. EXECUTION ENVIRONMENT
      6. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
      7. RELATED WORK
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 41: An Agent-Based Operational Virtual Enterprise Framework enabled by RFID
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION TO VIRTUAL ENTERPRISE
      3. BACKGROUND RESEARCH
      4. AGENT BASED SYSTEMS
      5. ICT VIEW OF OPERATIONAL VE
      6. PROCESS VIEW OF OPERATIONAL VE
      7. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 42: Ontological Dimensions of Semantic Mobile Web 2.0
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FROM SEMANTIC WEB TO SEMANTIC MOBILE WEB 2.0
      4. MAIN FEATURES OF MOBILE WEB 2.0 RELATED TO SEMANTIC WEB
      5. TAGGING BY MEANS OF MOBILE DEVICES
      6. SEMANTIC SERVICES IN MOBILE WEB 2.0
      7. TOWARDS THE ORGANIZATION OF MOBILE SERVICES
      8. ONTOLOGICAL DIMENSIONS RELATED TO WWW FACET
      9. ONTOLOGICAL DIMENSIONS RELATED WITH THE CONTEXT AWARE
      10. ONTOLOGICAL DIMENSIONS RELATED WITH URBAN INFORMATICS
      11. ONTOLOGICAL DIMENSIONS RELATED TO MOBILE AGENTS
      12. PEER TO PEER MOBILE COMPUTING AND SMW2.0
      13. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 43: Unobtrusive Interaction with Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing Systems through Kinetic User Interfaces
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. KINETIC USER INTERFACES
      4. 3. UNOBTRUSIVE INTERFACES
      5. 4. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 44: Impact of Advances on Computing and Communication Systems in Automotive Testing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS
      5. PROPOSED METHODOLOGY
      6. RESULTS OBTAINED FOR ESTIMATION OF ENERGETIC EFFICIENCY
      7. CONCLUSIONS
    9. Chapter 45: RFID and NFC in the Future of Mobile Computing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
    10. Chapter 46: A Multi-Loop Development Process for a Wearable Computing System in Autonomous Logistics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
      4. AUTONOMOUS CONTROL
      5. WEARABLE COMPUTING SYSTEMS FOR MOBILE WORK PROCESSES
      6. REQUIREMENT ANALYSES OF WEARABLE COMPUTING
      7. SOFTWARE RELATED CONCEPT
      8. MULTI-LOOP DEVELOPMENT PROCESS FOR A WEARABLE COMPUTING SYSTEM
      9. BENEFITS OF THE ITERATIVE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
      10. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
      11. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      12. CONCLUSION
  7. Section 3: Critical Success Factors
    1. Chapter 47: Collaboration within Social Dimension of Computing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STATE-OF-THE-ART
      4. 1. DEFINING SOCIAL DIMENSION OF COMPUTING
      5. 2. DEFINING COLLABORATION WITHIN THE SOCIAL DIMENSION
      6. 3. DEFINING FACTORS
      7. 4. FACTORS FORMING COLLABORATION
      8. 5. CRITERIA, INDICATORS AND LEVELS OF FORMING COLLABORATION AND METHODS OF GATHERING DATA
      9. 6. EMPIRICAL RESULTS
      10. 7. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      11. 8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      12. 9. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 48: Critical Factors in Defining the Mobile Learning Model
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. BASELINES IN IMPLEMENTING THE MOBILE LEARNING MODEL (MLM)
      5. CRITICAL FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHEN IMPLEMENTING THE MOBILE LEARNING MODEL (MLM)
      6. FOURTH CRITICAL FACTOR: HUMAN KEY ELEMENTS
      7. TRENDS AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 49: Critical Human Factors on Mobile Applications for Tourism and Entertainment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MOBILE APPLICATIONS FOR THE TOURISM INDUSTRY
      5. MOBILE APPLICATIONS FOR THE ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY
      6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    4. Chapter 50: Internet Surveys
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TYPES OF INTERNET SURVEYS
      4. OPPORTUNITIES OF INTERNET-BASED SURVEYS
      5. CHALLENGES FOR INTERNET-BASED SURVEYS
      6. WHAT IS THE FUTURE OF INTERNET-BASED SURVEYS?
      7. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 51: Evolvable Production Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PRODUCTION SYSTEM APPROACHES
      5. HANDLING COMPLEXITY IN AN EVOLVABLE PRODUCTION SYSTEM
      6. AGENT TECHNOLOGY IN EPS
      7. WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY IN EPS
      8. ECONOMIC ISSUES FOR EPS
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
  8. Section 4: New Business Models
    1. Chapter 52: Viable Business Models for M-Commerce
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MINI CASE STUDIES
      5. CROSS CASES ANALYSIS
      6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
    2. Chapter 53: A Service-Based Framework to Model Mobile Enterprise Architectures
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. A BASIC SYSTEM METAMODEL
      5. SERVICE ORIENTED MOBILITY
      6. AN EXAMPLE OF A MOBILE SYSTEM
      7. A SERVICE ORIENTED MOBILITY FRAMEWORK
      8. IMPACT ON MOBILE ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURES
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 54: Research-Based Insights Inform Change in IBM M-Learning Strategy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 55: Location Based E-commerce System
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. E-COMMERCE AND M-COMMERCE
      4. 3. LOCATION-BASED MOBILE SYSTEMS
      5. 4. SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
  9. Section 5: Security
    1. Chapter 56: Overview of Security Issues in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. VANET MODEL OVERVIEW
      4. SECURITY REQUIREMENTS FOR VANETS
      5. OVERVIEW OF ATTACKS IN VANETS
      6. REVIEW OF SECURITY PROPOSALS OVER VANETS
      7. CONCLUSION & FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    2. Chapter 57: Modelling of Location-Aware Access Control Rules
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BASICS OF CONVENTIONAL ACCESS CONTROL
      4. SCENARIOS
      5. LOCATION-AWARE DAC
      6. LOCATION-AWARE MAC
      7. LOCATION-AWARE RBAC
      8. PROCESS-AWARE LAACM
      9. COMPARISON
      10. CONSISTENCY CHECKS
      11. TRUSTWORTHINESS OF LOCATING TECHNOLOGIES: THE LOCATION-SPOOFING-PROBLEM
      12. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 58: Secure Techniques for Remote Reconfiguration of Wireless Embedded Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. REMOTE RECONFIGURATION TECHNOLOGIES
      4. 3. COMMUNICATION STANDARDS AND THEIR SECURITY CONCEPTS
      5. 4. PROTECTION AT PROTOCOL LEVEL
      6. 5. PROTECTION AT ALGORITHM LEVEL
      7. 6. PROTECTION AT ARCHITECTURE LEVEL
      8. 8. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 59: Secure Routing and Mobility in Future IP Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SECURITY REQUIREMENTS IN MOBILE NETWORKS
      4. SECURITY ARCHITECTURES FOR MOBILE NETWORKING
      5. ROUTING SECURITY IN MOBILE NETWORKS
      6. SECURITY OF MOBILITY MANAGEMENT PROTOCOLS
      7. CONCLUSION
  10. Section 6: Applications, Surveys and Case Studies
    1. Chapter 60: Evaluation of a Mobile Platform to Support Collaborative Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MOBILE LEARNING
      4. COLLABORATIVE LEARNING
      5. CASE STUDY
      6. M-LEARNING ARCHITECTURE
      7. M-LEARNING APPLICATION
      8. FUTURE WORK
      9. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 61: Power Issues and Energy Scavenging in Mobile Wireless Ad-hoc and Sensor Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. LOW-POWER MAC ALGORITHMS AND IMPLEMENTATIONS FOR WIRELESS AD-HOC NETWORKS
      5. LOW-POWER MAC ALGORITHMS AND IMPLEMENTATIONS FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS
      6. PHYSICAL LEVEL OPTIMIZATION AND ENERGY SCAVENGING
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 62: A Low Cost Wireless Sensors Network with Low-Complexity and Fast-Prototyping
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. IMPLICATIONS OF THE RADIO-FREQUENCY SYSTEM
      4. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE WIRELESS SENSORS NETWORK
      5. ACQUISITION VERSUS TRANSMITTING TIMES
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. Appendix A – Line coding source code
      8. Appendix B – CRC generation source code
    4. Chapter 63: Unreliable Failure Detectors for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FEATURES OF MOBILE NETWORKS
      4. UNRELIABLE FAILURE DETECTORS
      5. FAILURE DETECTOR PROTOCOLS FOR MANETS
      6. HEARTBEAT-STYLE FD
      7. LEASE-BASED FD
      8. TIMER-FREE QUERY-RESPONSE BASED FD
      9. BALANCE, LIMITATIONS, AND PERSPECTIVES FOR FDS
    5. Chapter 64: Mission-Aware Adaptive Communication for Collaborative Mobile Entities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORK
      4. THE ROSACE SCENARIO
      5. SEMANTIC MODEL FOR ADAPTATION OF COMMUNICATIONS
      6. ROSACE COMMUNICATION COMPONENT (CC)
      7. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 65: OntoHealth
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PERVASIVE COMPUTING
      4. USE OF ONTOLOGIES IN A PERVASIVE ENVIRONMENT
      5. ONTOHEALTH: AN ONTOLOGY APPLIED TO PERVASIVE HOSPITAL ENVIRONMENTS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. RELATED WORK
      8. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 66: Adoption of Mobile and Information Technology in an Energy Utility in Brazil
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BRAZIL: CONCESSIONS FOR POWER SUPPLYING AND SOME NUMBERS LINKED TO THE USE OF CELL PHONES
      4. THE HOSPITALITY METAPHOR AND SOME METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE STUDY
      5. THE CASE OF APPLICATION OF M.I.T IN AN ENERGY UTILITY: COMMUNICATION OF THE COMPANY WITH FIELD TECHNICIANS
      6. THE CHANGE OF TECHNOLOGY AND THE ADOPTION OF THE NEW SOLUTION
      7. STUDY AND DISCUSSION OF THE CASE OF IMPLANTATION OF TECHNOLOGY
      8. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 67: Infrastructures for Development of Context-Aware Mobile Applications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GENERAL CONCEPTS
      4. INFRASTRUCTURES FOR CONTEXT-AWARE MOBILE APPLICATIONS
      5. OVERVIEW OF EXISTING INFRASTRUCTURES
      6. VADEMECUM INFRASTRUCTURE
      7. CASE STUDY
      8. DIRECTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
      9. CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 68: A Practice Perspective on Transforming Mobile Work
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RESEARCH BACKGROUND
      4. RESEARCH SETTING AND METHODS
      5. RESEARCH INSIGHTS: EXPERIENCES FROM WORK
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUDING REMARKS
    10. Chapter 69: Data Replication Support for Collaboration in Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing Environments
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. OPTIMISTIC REPLICATION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    11. Chapter 70: Providing Outdoor and Indoor Ubiquity with WLANs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. OUTDOOR AND INDOOR WIRELESS LAN DESIGN
      5. TWO APPLICATIONS BASED ON WLANS
      6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    12. Chapter 71: In-TIC for Mobile Devices
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SUPPORT SYSTEMS FOR COMMUNICATING WITH MOBILE DEVICES FOR THE DISABLED USING ADAPTABLE ENVIRONMENTS
      5. FUNCTIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENT USED BY THE PROFESSIONAL
      6. FUNCTIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENT FOR THE DISABLED USER
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    13. Chapter 72: New Ways to Buy and Sell
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DESIGN OF AN EXPERIMENTAL WEB SYSTEM
      5. CONFLICT AND INTERACTION: THE GRANXAFAMILIAR.COM FORUMS
      6. BENEFITS OF THE GRANXAFAMILIAR PROJECT
      7. CONCLUSION
    14. Chapter 73: Broadcast Quality Video Contribution in Mobility
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. KEY FACTORS IN THE EVOLUTION OF MOBILE NETWORKS UP TO HSUPA AND BEYOND
      4. RECENT ADVANCES IN VIDEO/AUDIO CODING
      5. PUTTING ALL TOGETHER: THE VIRTUAL MOBILE UNIT
      6. COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT SOLUTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    15. Chapter 74: Mobile Device Selection in Higher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. RESULTS
      6. RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    16. Chapter 75: Design of Wearable Computing Systems for Future Industrial Environments
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BASIC RESEARCH ON CONTEXT
      4. THE ROLE OF CONTEXT IN WEARABLE COMPUTING
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    17. Chapter 76: Extending the Scope of eID Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW OF THE BELGIAN EID TECHNOLOGY
      4. CLASSIFICATION OF EID BARRIERS
      5. REUSABLE SOFTWARE EXTENSIONS
      6. FRAMEWORK DEVELOPMENT
      7. OTHER APPROACHES AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    18. Chapter 77: Mobility and Connectivity
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RESEARCH APPROACH
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
  11. About the Contributors