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Handbook of Research on Technoethics

Book Description

The Handbook of Research on Technoethics traces the emergence of the new interdisciplinary field of technoethics by exploring its conceptual development, important issues, and key areas of current research. Compiling 50 authoritative articles from leading researchers on the ethical dimensions of new technologies, this comprehensive handbook is an invaluable addition to library reference collections.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Editorial Advisory Board
  3. List of Contributors
  4. Preface
  5. Acknowledgment
  6. Theoretical Frameworks in Technoethics
    1. The Emerging Field of Technoethics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. IDENTIFYING KEY AREAS AND ISSUES IN TECHNOETHICS
      5. FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READINGS
      10. KEY TERMS
    2. A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Technoethics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: THE COMPLEXITY OF TECHNOLOGY
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK FOR ETHICAL ANALYSES OF THE COMPLEXITY OF TECHNOLOGY
      5. THE MULTIDISCIPLINAEITY OF TECHNOETHICAL RESEARCH
      6. FUTURE TRENDS: NANOETHICS AS A CASE STUDY
      7. TECHNOETHICS BEYOND 'APPLIED ETHICS:' A NEW CHALLENGE
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS
    3. Technoethics: An Anthropological Approach
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ANTHROPOLOGICAL VERSUS CLASSICAL APPROACHES TO TECHNOLOGY
      4. METHODOLOGY: HOW CAN WE IDENTIFY THE VALUES?
      5. BEING COMMITTED
      6. PRESERVING PRIVACY IN A CONNECTED WORLD
      7. HUMAN BEINGS AND MACHINES
      8. HOW TO DRAW THE LINE?
      9. KEY TRENDS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS
      12. ENDNOTES
    4. A Technoethical Approach to the Race Problem in Anthropology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHAT IS THE ROLE OF RACE IN ANTHROPOLOGY?
      4. IS RACE SOLELY AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PROBLEM?
      5. IS THERE AN ETHICAL DIMENSION TO THE RACE PROBLEM?
      6. FUTURE TRENDS: CAN TECHNOLOGY BE USED TO SOLVE THE RACE PROBLEM?
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS
      10. ENDNOTES
    5. The Ethics of Human Enhancement in Sport
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MORAL RHETORIC & ETHICAL CODES
      4. THE CHANGING FACE OF SPORT ETHICS
      5. SUBSTANTIVE ETHICAL ISSUES ON SPORT TECHNOLOGY
      6. FUTURE TRENDS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS
      10. ENDNOTES
    6. Education of Ethics of Science and Technology Across Cultures
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ETHICS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
      3. GLOBAL CALLS FOR ETHICS EDUCATION
      4. GOALS OF ETHICS EDUCATION
      5. BIOETHICAL MATURITY
      6. EMPOWERING EDUCATORS
      7. PARTICIPATION
      8. EVALUATION
      9. NETWORKING
      10. FUTURE NEEDS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS
    7. Planning, Interests, and Argumentation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RAWLS
      4. HABERMAS
      5. UNIVEESALISATION IN A REAL DISCOURSE
      6. TECHNOLOGY AND PLANNING
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. ADDITIONAL READINGS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS
  7. Research Areas of Technoethics
    1. Ethics Review on Externally-Sponsored Research in Developing Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
      4. GLOBAL INEQUITY IN HEALTH RESEARCH
      5. EXTERNALLY-SPONSORED RESEARCH
      6. DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A SOURCE FOR SUBJECT RECRUITMENT
      7. INTERNATIONAL ETHICAL GUIDELINES
      8. THE ROLE OF RESEARCH ETHICS COMMITTEES
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS
    2. Social and Ethical Aspects of Biomedical Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. DEFINITION OF SOCIAL AND ETHICAL ASPECTS OF BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH
      3. PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL AND ETHICAL DIMENSIONS OF BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH
      4. CONCLUSION AND OUTLOOK
      5. REFERENCES
      6. KEY TERMS
      7. ENDNOTES
    3. Ethical Aspects of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A BRIEF HISTORY OF EUGENICS
      4. EUGENICS AS A CONSUMER CHOICE
      5. HUMAN NATURE AND SPECIATION
      6. THE COMMODIFICARION OF LIFE
      7. DISABILITIES AND GENETIC TESTING
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS
      11. ENDNOTES
    4. Nanoscale Research, Ethics, and the Military
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MILITARY INTEREST IN NANOSCALE RESEARCH
      4. ETHICAL ISSUES IN MILITARY NANOSCALE RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGIES
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS
    5. Healthcare Ethics in the Information Age
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. KEY ETHICAL ISSUES
      5. FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS
    6. Ethical Theories and Computer Ethics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ETHICAL THEORIES IN BRIEF
      4. APPLIED ETHICS
      5. COMPUTER ETHICS
      6. FUTURE TRENDS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS
      10. ENDNOTES
    7. Artificial Moral Agency in Technoethics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. IMPLICATIONS
      5. FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS
      9. ENDNOTES
    8. Ethical Controversy over Information and Communication Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE YIN AND YANG OF ICT
      4. MAIN FOCUS
      5. FUTURE TRENDS: DOS MÓDULOS DE INTERVENCIÓN DESDE EL "OBSERVATIONAL LABORATORY ON TECHNOETHICS FOR ADULTS" (OLTA)7
      6. CONCLUSION: A PROPOSAL TO WORK ON TECHNOETHICS IN EDUCATION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS
      9. ENDNOTES
    9. The Cyborg and the Noble Savage: Ethics in the War on Information Poverty
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE OLPC PROJECT
      5. THE COST OF LABOR
      6. FREE AND OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
      7. A LEARNING MACHINE
      8. THE QUESTION OF HEGEMONY
      9. FUTURE TRENDS
      10. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS
      13. ENDNOTES
    10. Becoming a Digital Citizen in a Technological World
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DIGITAL ISSUES GROWTH AND THE NEED FOR DIGITAL CITIZENSHIP
      4. DIGITAL OPPORTUNITIES WITH DIGITAL CITIZENSHIP
      5. THE NINE ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL CITIZENSHIP
      6. A REFLECTION MODEL OF DIGITAL CITIZENSHIP
      7. FUTURE TRENDS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS
    11. Technoethics in Education for the Twenty-First Century
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. TECHNOETHICS IN EDUCATION
      5. FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS
    12. The Ethics of Global Communication Online
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GLOBAL COMMUNICATION
      4. DELIBERATIVE POLLING OFF-AND ONLINE
      5. FUNDAMENTALIST KNOWLEDGE
      6. PARTICULAR AND UNIVERSAL APPEAL IN JUDGMENTS
      7. REFLECTIVE JUDGMENTS ONLINE?
      8. LIMITATIONS AND THREATS TO GLOBAL COMMUNICATION ONLINE?
      9. FUTURE TRENDS
      10. HYPOTHESIS AND CONCLUDING REMARKS
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS
      13. ENDNOTES
  8. Case Studies and Applications in Technoethics
    1. Engaging Youth in Health Promotion Using Multimedia Technologies: Reflecting on 1 0 Years of TeenNet Research Ethics and Practice
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE TELNET EXPERIENCE
      4. HOT TALK: TENSIONS WITH MESSAGE BOARDS, CHATS AND CONNECTION
      5. ANONYMITY AND CONFIDENTIALITY IN THE ERA OF FRIENDLIER, CASEBOOK & MISPLACE
      6. CREATING CONTENT ONLINE: FINDING THE 'RIGHT' MESSAGE IN THE AGE OF WIKIPEDIA
      7. NEW FRONTIERS: MOVING THE FIELD FORWARD
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS
    2. Ethical Challenges of Engaging Chinese in End-of-Life Talk
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. MAKING TREATMENT DECISIONS AT THE END OF LIFE
      3. PRODUCTIVENESS IN MEDICAL CARE
      4. PROTECTIVE MEDICAL CARE IN QUESTION
      5. IS IT POSSIBLE TO ENGAGE PATIENTS IN INFORMED 1ST DECISIONS?
      6. LET ME TALK: AN ACL PROGRAM FOR CHINESE FRAIL NURSING HOME RESIDENTS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. FUTURE TRENDS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS
    3. Community Education in New HIV Prevention Technologies Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DISCUSSION
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS
    4. The Public / Private Debate: A Contribution to Inter cultural Information Ethics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE PUBLIC/PRIVATE DEBATE FROM AN IIE PERSPECTIVE
      4. PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF PRIVACY IN THE 'FAR EAST'?
      5. THE PROBLEMATIZATION OF THE PUBLIC/PRIVATE DICHOTOMY IN THE 'FAR WEST'
      6. FUTURE TRENDS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS
    5. Ethical, Cultural and Socio-Economic Factors of Software Piracy Determinants in a Developing Country: Comparative Analysis of Pakistani and Canadian University Students
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RESEARCH QUESTION
      4. RESEARCH JUSTIFICATION
      5. LITERATURE REVIEW
      6. RESEARCH MODEL
      7. RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
      8. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      9. DATA ANALYSIS
      10. DISCUSSION
      11. FUTURE TRENDS
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS
      15. ENDNOTES
    6. Nanoethics: The Role of News Media in Shaping Debate
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PUBLIC AWARENESS AND TRUST
      4. NEWS REPORTING: SOME ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS
      5. THE STUDY
      6. NANOETHICS AND THE MEDIA IN THE FUTURE
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS
      9. ENDNOTES
    7. Computing and Information Ethics Education Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. COMPUTING AND INFORMATION ETHICS EDUCATION: FOCI
      4. COMPUTING AND INFORMATION ETHICS EDUCATION: APPROACHES
      5. COMPUTING AND INFORMATION ETHICS EDUCATION: RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS
      9. ENDNOTE
    8. The Ethical Dilemma over Money in Special Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. THE BARRIERS TO EFFECTIVE ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY
      3. CASE STUDY
      4. CPS
      5. THE BENEFITS OF THOSE TOOLS & FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS
    9. Educational Technoethics Applied to Career Guidance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TECHNOETHICS VERSUS EDUCATIONAL AND CAREER GUIDANCE
      4. MAIN FOCUS
      5. OBSERVATIONAL LABORATORY ON TECHNOETHICS FOR ADULTS (OLTA): FOR FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION: TOWARDS AN AXIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF CAREER GUIDANCE
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS
      9. ENDNOTES
    10. The Scholarship of Teaching Engineering: Some Fundamental Issues
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INTEGRATING "WHAT" INTO "WHY" IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION
      4. FUNDAMENTAL ASPECTS
      5. TEACHING CULTURE
      6. TEACHING METHODOLOGY
      7. TEACHING SPACE AND INSTRUMENTS
      8. INNOVATIVE EDUCATION FOR ECONOMICAL PROGRESS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. KEY TERMS
      11. ENDNOTES
  9. Emerging Trends and Issues in Technoethics
    1. Which Rights for Which Subjects? Genetic Confidentiality and Privacy in the Post-Genomic Era
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE "RIGHT TO KNOW" AND THE "RIGHT NOT TO KNOW"
      4. CONFIDENTIALITY, INTRA-FAMILIAL DISCLOSURE, AND FAMILIAL MANAGEMENT OF GENETIC INFORMATION: SELECTED ISSUES
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS
      8. ENDNOTES
    2. Predictive Genetic Testing, Uncertainty, and Informed Consent
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINING UNCERTAINTY
      4. UNCERTAINTY IN THE FIELD OF CLINICAL GENETICS
      5. TAMING UNCERTAINTIES IN CLINICAL GENETICS
      6. REVISING THE ROLE OF GENES
      7. AVOIDING PATERNALISM
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS
      11. ENDNOTES
    3. Privacy, Contingency, Identity, and the Group
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. JUSTIFICATIONS OF PRIVACY
      4. CONTINGENCY AND PRIVACY
      5. PRIVACY AND PERSONAL IDENTITY
      6. GROUP PRIVACY
      7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS
      10. ENDNOTES
    4. The Ethics of Gazing: The Politics of Online Pornography
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE POLITICS OF LOOKING
      4. THE NOTION OF PLACE
      5. IMAGE AND PORNOGRAPHY
      6. VISUAL DEPICTION AND ITS LEGAL STATUS
      7. LEGAL DIMENSION OF PORNOGRAPHY
      8. COMMUNITY STANDARDS AND PORNOGRAPHY
      9. THE FEMINIST PERSPECTIVE
      10. PORNOGRAPHY FROM DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
    5. The Ethics of Deception in Cyberspace
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DECEPTION IN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AND COMMERCIAL SOFTWARE
      5. DECEPTION IN CYBER-ATTACKS
      6. DEFENSIVE DECEPTIONS IN RESPONSE TO CYBER-ATTACKS
      7. FUTURE TRENDS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS
    6. Cyber Identity Theft
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. IDENTITY THEFT, IDENTITY FRAUD AND IDENTITY CRIME
      5. CYBER IDENTITY THEFT
      6. FUTURE TRENDS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS
    7. Walking the Information Overload Tightrope
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INFORMATION AND INFORMATION OVERLOAD
      3. LEVELS OF INFORMATION OVERLOAD
      4. INFORMATION THEORY, INFORMATION OVERLOAD, AND SOCIAL LIFE
      5. SUB-KINDS AND CONSEQUENCES OF INFORMATION OVERLOAD: CURRENT AND FUTURE TRENDS
      6. HOW CAN—HOW SHOULD—WE DEAL WITH INFORMATION OVERLOAD'S CURRENT AND LIKELY FUTURE TRENDS?
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS
      10. ENDNOTES
    8. Cyber-Victimization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PROPERTY CYBER-CRIMES
      5. CYBER-CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON
      6. CYBER-VICTIMIZATION
      7. RESPONSES TO CYBER-VICTIMIZATION
      8. FUTURE TRENDS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS
      11. ENDNOTES
    9. Spyware
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PRIVACY
      4. FOUCAULT & THE PANOPTICON
      5. SPYING TECHNOLOGY
      6. SPYWARE BUSINESS MODEL
      7. INTEGRITY
      8. SPYWARE MAKERS′ POSITION
      9. DISCUSSION
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS
      13. ENDNOTES
    10. In Vitro Fertilization and the Embryonic Revolution
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT
      4. ARTIFICIAL REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
      5. BEYOND THE ARTIFICIAL REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES: STEM CELLS AND CLONING
      6. COMING TO TERMS WITH THE EMBRYO
      7. SOURCE OF EMBRYOS FOR RESEARCH
      8. SELECTING EMBRYOS AND DESIGNING BABIES
      9. ′PLAYING GOD′
      10. THE IN VITRO EMBRYO
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS
    11. Inter-Organizational Conflicts in Virtual Alliances
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF VIRTUAL ALLIANCES
      4. THE TYPOLOGY OF CONFLICT IN ORGANIZATIONS
      5. CONFLICT AT INTER-ORGANIZATIONAL LEVEL
      6. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS AND CHALLENGES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS
    12. From Coder to Creator: Responsibility Issues in Intelligent Artifact Design
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE PARADIGM SHIFT: FROM CODER TO CREATOR
      5. CAN AUTOMATA BE ASCRIBED RESPONSIBILITY?
      6. FUTURE TRENDS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS
    13. Historical Perspective of Technoethics in Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EDUCATION ROLE IN THE MAKING OF A NEW NATION
      5. ELECTRONIC MEDIA AND THE ADVENT OF TECHNOETHICS IN EDUCATION
      6. EDUCATION AS A VENUE FOR A DISCUSSION OF TECHNOETHICS IN THE 21ST CENTURY
      7. REFERENCES
      8. SUGGESTED READING
      9. KEY TERMS
    14. Podcasting and Vodcasting in Education and Training
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PODCASTS/VODCASTS AND THE LITERATURE
      4. WHAT IS A PODCAST? / WHAT IS A VODCAST?
      5. CREATING A PODCAST
      6. CREATING A VODCAST
      7. EXAMPLES OF PODCASTS AND VODCASTS
      8. IMPLICATIONS OF PODCASTING/ VODCASTING ON EDUCATION AND TRAINING
      9. LEGAL ISSUES AND ETHICAL DILEMMAS WITH PODCASTING AND VODCASTING
      10. FUTURE TRENDS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
      14. KEY TERMS
      15. ENDNOTE
    15. Technoethics in Schools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PRIVACY AND THE PROTECTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION
      4. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
      5. E-MAIL
      6. THE WORLD WIDE WEB
      7. TECHNOETHICS IN AN EVOLVING DIGITAL WORLD
      8. FUTURE TRENDS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS
      12. ENDNOTES
  10. Further Reading in Technoethics
    1. Moral Psychology and Information Ethics: Psychological Distance and the Components of Moral Behavior in a Digital World
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FOUR COMPONENT MODEL OF MORAL BEHAVIOR
      4. TECHNOLOGY AND ETHICAL BEHAVIOR
      5. INFORMATION ETHICS EDUCATION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    2. A Critical Systems View of Power-Ethics Interactions in Information Systems Evaluation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CRITICAL SYSTEMS THINKING
      4. INFORMATION SYSTEMS EVALUATION
      5. ETHICS
      6. AN EXAMPLE
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    3. Ethical Issues in Web-Based Learning
      1. INTRODUCTION
      2. WHAT IS THE OVERALL ETHICAL PROBLEM?
      3. WHAT ARE SOME SOLUTIONS?
      4. LONG RANGE IMPLICATIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
    4. We Cannot Eat Data: The Need for Computer Ethics to Address the Cultural and Ecological Impacts of Computing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE COMPUTER AS A PRODUCT OF WESTERN CULTURE
      5. THE LINGKAGES BETWEEN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, DEVELOPMENT, AND THE ENVIRONMENT
      6. THE EARTH CHARTER
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
    5. Current and Future State of ICT Deployment and Utilization in Healthcare: An Analysis of Cross-Cultural Ethical Issues
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. PREAMBLE
      3. CULTURE AND INFORMATICS
      4. ETHICS AND HEALTHCARE
      5. CULTURAL INFLUENCE ON THE ETHICS OF ICT USE IN HEALTHCARE: PARADOXES FROM WESTERN AND NON-WESTERN SETTINGS
      6. EPILOGUE
      7. REFERENCES
    6. Emerging Technologies, Emerging Privacy Issues
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. NEW TECHNOLOGIES CHALLENGE PERSONAL INFORMATION PRIVACY (PIP)
      4. RFID
      5. GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEMS
      6. SMART MOTES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    7. Ethics of "Parasitic Computing": Fair Use or Abuse of TCP/IP Over the Internet?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PARASITIC COMPUTING
      5. ETHICAL ISSUES RAISED BY PARASITIC COMPUTING
      6. PHILOSOPHIC PERSPECTIVES
      7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE TRENDS
      8. REFERENCES
    8. Simulating Complexity-Based Ethics for Crucial Decision Making in Counter Terrorism
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RISK MANAGEMENT IN COUNTER TERRORISM
      4. THE NEED TO ENHANCE CRUCIAL ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING IN CT
      5. THE BELIEF SYSTEMS MODEL FOR COMPLEXITY-BASED ETHICS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    9. Legal and Ethical Implications of Employee Location Monitoring
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PURPOSE
      4. EXISTING LEGISLATION
      5. LEGISLATION ENCOURAGING THE USE OF EMPLOYEE LOCATION MONITORING TECHNOLOGIES
      6. LEGISLATION LIMITING EMPLOYEE LOCATION MONITORING
      7. ETHICAL ISSUES
      8. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS ENCOURAGING EMPLOYEE LOCATION MONITORING
      9. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS LIMITING EMPLOYEE LOCATION MONITORING
      10. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ORGANIZATIONS
      11. POLICY RECOMMENDATION SUMMARY
      12. SAMPLE POLICIES
      13. SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
      14. CONCLUSION
      15. REFERENCES
    10. New Ethics for E-Business Offshore Outsourcing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND ON E-BUSINESS OUTSOURCING AND OFFSHORING
      4. ETHICS ISSUES IN E-BUSINESS OFFSHORE OUTSOURCING
      5. DEVELOPMENT OF E-BUSINESS ETHICS AS ONGOING PROCESS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. REFERENCES
  11. Compilation of References
  12. About the Contributors
  13. Index