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Handbook of Research on Global Indicators of Economic and Political Convergence

Book Description

The development of a nation can be influenced by a wide range of factors. In the modern era of globalization, under-developed countries must strive to catch up to developed nations and establish themselves in the global market. The Handbook of Research on Global Indicators of Economic and Political Convergence is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on social, political, and environmental variables that affect the ability of developing countries to reach an equal standing in the global economy. Highlighting theoretical foundations, critical analyses, and real-world perspectives, this book is ideally designed for researchers, analysts, professionals, and upper-level students interested in emerging convergence and divergence trends in modern countries.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. Foreword
  7. Preface
  8. Acknowledgment
  9. Section 1: Convergence in Economic Indicators
    1. Chapter 1: Convergence Analysis of Households' Consumption Expenditure
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MODELS OF β AND σ CONVERGENCE
      4. ABSOLUTE AND CONDITIONAL β CONVERGENCE
      5. σ CONVERGENCE
      6. REVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURE
      7. OBJECTIVE OF THE CHAPTER
      8. DATA AND METHODOLGY
      9. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      10. CONVERGENCE ANALYSIS OF ALL COUNTRIES’ CLUB
      11. CONVERGENCE ANALYSIS OF DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
      12. CONVERGENCE ANALYSIS OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
      13. CONCLUSION AND POLICY SUGGESTIONS
      14. REFERENCES
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: The Problems of Development Gap between Developed and Developing Nations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OBJECTIVES
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. LITERATURE REVIEW
      6. CONVERGENCE IN GROWTH
      7. DIVERGENCE IN DEVELOPMENT
      8. INEQUALITIES IN INCOME DISTRIBUTION
      9. INEQUALITIES IN HEALTH, NUTRITION AND EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES
      10. POLICY IMPLICATIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Convergence Aspect of Capital Formation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
      5. DATA SOURCES
      6. METHODOLOGY
      7. EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 4: Optimum Currency Area Theory and Business Cycle Convergence in EMU
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OPTIMUM CURRENCY AREA (OCA) THEORY
      4. MONETARY INTEGRATION OF EUROPE AND OCA THEORY
      5. EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 5: Productivity Convergence and Asian Trade Blocks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DATA AND METHODOLOGY
      4. DATA
      5. THE CONVERGENCE HYPOTHESIS
      6. METHODS
      7. ANALYSIS OF EMPIRICAL FINDINGS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 6: Issues of Convergence
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OBJECTIVE
      4. REVIEW OF LITERATURE
      5. MEASURES OF CONVERGENCE
      6. MODEL, METHODOLOGY AND DATA
      7. EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
      8. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
      9. POLICY SUGGESTION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 7: Role of SAARC in Convergence of South Asian Economies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SOUTH ASIAN ECONOMY
      4. LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY OF SOUTH ASIAN COUNTRIES
      6. TRADE FACILITATION IN SOUTH ASIA
      7. TRADE FACILITATION IN SAFTA
      8. MARKET INTEGRATION IN SOUTH ASIA
      9. TREND OF TRADE IN SOUTH ASIA
      10. TRADE INTEGRATION INDEX AND CONVERGENCE
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 8: Convergence and Equality of Road Infrastructure
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE SURVEY
      4. WHY THIS STUDY?
      5. OBJECTIVE OF THE CHAPTER
      6. SOURCE OF DATA AND METHODOLOGY
      7. A GRAPHICAL PRESENTATION OF THE DATA
      8. γ CONVERGENCE RESULTS
      9. INEQUALITY RESULTS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. Key Terms and Definitions
    9. Chapter 9: Sustainability Reporting in Transitional Economies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING: AN OVERVIEW
      4. LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. EGYPT’S STOCK EXCHANGE AND SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING PRACTICES: AN OVERVIEW
      6. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      7. RESEARCH RESULTS
      8. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTE
  10. Section 2: Convergence in Political, Social and Environmental Indicators
    1. Chapter 10: Can Codes of Ethical Conduct Work?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CODES OF ETHICAL CORPORATE CONDUCT: DISCUSSING MECHANISMS OF PRIVATISED CORPORATE GOVERNANCE WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC CONVERGENCE
      4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND SOURCES OF EVIDENCE: TOWARDS THE IDENTIFICATION OF AN APPROPRIATE RESEARCH STRATEGY
      5. A NOTE ON QUALITATIVE RESEARCH MATERIALS AND SOURCES OF DATA
      6. A NOTE ON DOCUMENT ANALYSIS AS THE RESEARCH METHOD OF CHOICE
      7. THE PSYCHOLOGY BEHIND CODES OF ETHICAL CORPORATE CONDUCT AND THEIR EFFECTIVENESS: FROM HUMAN FACTORS TO HUMAN ACTORS
      8. ENTER, THE TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATION
      9. THE POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF CODES OF ETHICAL CORPORATE CONDUCT: FIVE STARS, BIG BUCKS
      10. THE LIMITATIONS: STILL WAITING FOR NIKE TO JUST DO IT
      11. TNCs AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: OF PEOPLE AND PROFITS
      12. TNC BUSINESS CONDUCT: THE RULE OF BEST PRACTICE?
      13. TNC BEHAVIOUR IN THE POLITICAL ARENA: FOOTLOOSE AND FANCY-FREE?
      14. TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND LABOUR PRACTICES: NO SWEAT
      15. TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: BREATHE EASY!
      16. CONCLUSION: TOWARDS A MIRAGE OR MECCA?
      17. REFERENCES
      18. ADDITIONAL READING
      19. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 11: Critical Analysis of the Influence of Transnational Capitalism on Institutions and Organizations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. THE EMERGENCE OF CAPITALISM
      3. OBJECTIVE
      4. EXPANSION AND CRISIS OF CAPITALIST IMPERIALISM
      5. NEOLIBERALISM AS AN IDEOLOGY OF CAPITALISM PULSE
      6. GLOBALIZATION: THE HIGHEST STAGE OF CAPITALIST IMPERIALISM
      7. THE EMERGENCE OF THE NEW ECONOMY
      8. IMPACT ON LATIN AMERICA
      9. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF CAPITALISM
      10. QUESTIONS TO NEOLIBERAL ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION PROCESSES
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 12: Association between Governance and Human Development in South Asia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SURVEY OF LITERATURE
      4. GOVERNANCE AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
      5. Data Sources
      6. METHODOLOGY
      7. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
      8. LINKAGES BETWEEN GOVERNANCE AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
      9. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 13: Strategic-Spatial Analysis of the Implementation of Business Opening Politics of Mexico
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ADOPTION OF OPENNESS TRADE POLICIES
      4. FOREIGN POLICY OF MEXICO
      5. RESULTS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 14: How Does Inequality of Opportunity Persist from Education to Earning?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EXISTING STUDIES ON THE MEASUREMENT OF INEQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY
      4. METHODS IN THE MEASUREMENT OF INEQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY
      5. DATA AND VARIABLES
      6. RESULTS OF THE NON-PARAMETRIC ESTIMATION
      7. RESULTS OF PARAMETRIC ESTIMATION
      8. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX
    6. Chapter 15: Economic Convergence and Real Dimensions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OBJECTIVES
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. NUMERICAL REPRESENTATION OF CONSUMPTION LEVELS
      6. AGGREGATION OF INDIVIDUAL DEPRIVATION LEVELS
      7. HOW TO RECTIFY THE DEPRIVATION?
      8. DATA AND OBSERVATIONS
      9. ANALYSIS OF POOLED DATA
      10. REGION – I and REGION – II
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      15. ENDNOTES
      16. APPENDIX: ACHIEVEMENTS AND BENCHMARKS
    7. Chapter 16: Health Status and Convergence in Developing Open Economies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. DATA AND METHODOLOGY
      6. ANALYSIS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    8. Chapter 17: Food Security in Asia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE SURVEY
      4. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
      5. UNDERNOURISHED PEOPLE IN THE DIFFERENT REGIONS OF ASIA
      6. FOOD SECURITY SITUATION IN ASIA
      7. GROWTH OF AVERAGE FOOD PRODUCTION IN ASIA
      8. CONVERGENCE IN PER CAPITA FOOD PRODUCTION
      9. FOOD PRODUCTION AND UNDERNOURISHMENT
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. APPENDIX: LIST OF COUNTRIES IN ASIA
    9. Chapter 18: The Environmentalism and Politics of Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE PROBLEMATIC
      4. OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
      5. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
      6. STUDY ASSUMPTION
      7. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      8. CONCEPTUAL ISSUES IN CLIMATE CHANGE
      9. THE UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE
      10. THE KYOTO JAPAN CONFERENCE
      11. KYOTO PROTOCOL AND ISSUES ARISING FROM IT
      12. ENVIRONMENTALISM VERSUS POLITICS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
      13. THE EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE REGIME
      14. ISSUES THAT STALLED THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE KYOTO PROTOCOL
      15. UNFCCC CONFERENCES PRIOR TO DURBAN 2011
      16. CONCLUSION
      17. REFERENCES
      18. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 19: A Comparative Study on World-Wide Carbon Emission Convergence
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE SURVEY
      4. DATA DESCRIPTION
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. RESULTS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 20: Green Convergence in Emerging Nations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EARLIER WORKS
      4. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
      5. VARIABLES AND SAMPLE PERIODS
      6. AUTOREGRESSIVE DISTRIBUTED LAG MODEL AND BOUNDS TEST
      7. RESULTS
      8. CONCLUSION AND FURTHER ISSUES TO EXPLORE
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 21: Exploring Landscapes in Regional Convergence
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OBJECTIVE
      4. METHODOLOGY AND OUTLINE
      5. PART I: THELANDSCAPE OF CONVERGENCE
      6. PART II: SOUTH ASIA ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS: A BACKGROUNDER
      7. LAND USE PRACTICES
      8. RURAL VERSUS URBAN MIGRATION DUE TO ENVIRONMENT
      9. PART III: CASE STUDIES ON ENVIRONMENT AND LIVELIHOODS
      10. PART IV: DONOR PERSPECTIVE ON ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
      11. PART V: INSTITUTIONAL AND POLICY MEASURES IN COOPERATION
      12. COLLABORATION WITH INTER-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
      13. PART VI: CIVIL SOCIETY ACTIVISM
      14. PART VII: EVALUATING CONVERGENCE
      15. CONCLUSION
      16. REFERENCES
      17. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      18. ENDNOTES
    13. Chapter 22: Convergence of Forest Resources in Jangalmahal, West Bengal
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORY OF FORESTS IN INDIA AND DROUGHT PRONE “JANGALMAHAL” AREA OF WEST BENGAL
      4. THEORY OF CONVERGENCE AND FORESTRY SECTOR
      5. DATA AND METHODOLOGY
      6. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
      7. A BRIEF REVIEW OF LITERATURE
      8. FINDINGS AND ANALYSIS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    14. Chapter 23: Effects of Neoliberal Globalization on Readymade Garment Industry of Bangladesh
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OBJECTIVES
      4. HYPOTHESIS
      5. LITERATURE REVIEW
      6. BANGLADESH RMG INDUSTRY
      7. METHODOLOGY AND DATA COLLECTION
      8. DATA COLLECTION
      9. RESULTS
      10. SUMMARY OF RESULTS
      11. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      14. ENDNOTES
  11. Compilation of References
  12. About the Contributors