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Handbook of Research on Visual Computing and Emerging Geometrical Design Tools

Book Description

Visual computing and descriptive geometry are multidisciplinary fields addressing the handling of images, 3D models, and other computer graphics. These ideas are experiencing a revival due to emergent technologies and applications available to developers. Based in traditional forms of design and architecture, these fields are currently experiencing a bounty of new research based on old principles. The Handbook of Research on Visual Computing and Emerging Geometrical Design Tools seeks to add to this knowledge base by considering these technologies from a designer’s perspective rather than reiterating the principles of computer science. It combines aspects of geometry and representation with emerging tools for CAD, generation, and visualization while addressing the digital heritage of such fields. This book is an invaluable resource for developers, students of both graphic and computer-generated design, researchers, and designers.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. List of Reviewers
  7. Foreword
  8. Preface
    1. THE CHALLENGES
    2. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    3. REFERENCES
  9. Acknowledgment
  10. Section 1
    1. Chapter 1: Swimming in the Liquid Age
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. BETWEEN INTERDISCIPLINARITY AND DISCIPLINARITY
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH LINES: AN AGENDA FOR PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTE
    2. Chapter 2: The Post-Parametric Attitude in the Digital Materialization of Architecture
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. THE INITIAL DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL TOOLS: THE RELENTLESS IMPLEMENTATION OF CAD SOFTWARE AS DESIGN LOGIC
      3. FILE-TO-FACTORY AGE: DIGITAL AUTOMATED PRODUCTION SYSTEMS OPEN-UP A NEW RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ARCHITECTURE AND ITS MATERIALIZATION.
      4. OPEN-ENDED CONCLUSIONS FOR FUTURE IMPROVEMENTS: DIGITAL MATERIALITY BRIDGES VIRTUAL COMPUTATION AND THE PHYSICALITY OF BUILDINGS
      5. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: The Interpretation of Vernacular Architecture through Fractal Models
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW OF VERNACULAR HOUSING IN IRAN WITH STEEP TOPOGRAPHY
      4. COMPLEXITY, FRACTAL THEORY AND FRACTAL GEOMETRY IN ARCHITECTURE
      5. FRACTAL DIMENSION AND BOX-COUNTING METHOD
      6. FRACTAL ANALYSIS OF MASOULEH VILLAGE USING THE BOX COUNTING METHOD
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 4: Virtual Reality and Point-Based Rendering in Architecture and Heritage
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SYSTEM OVERVIEW
      5. APPLICATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 5: From Spherical Photogrammetry to 3D Modeling
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PANORAMIC IMAGE-BASED MODELING
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 6: Meaning in the Geometry and Ornament of Imperial Roman Architecture
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL
      3. ARCHITECTURE AS COMMUNICATION
      4. MOVEMENT AND PERCEPTION
      5. GEOMETRY AND SYMBOLISM
      6. ORNAMENT AND METAPHOR
      7. THE NATURE OF IMPERIAL ROMAN ORNAMENT
      8. THE PURPOSE OF IMPERIAL ROMAN ORNAMENT
      9. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 7: B.I.M. Application in Documenting and Recreating Lost Architectural Heritage
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. APPLICATION TO THE CASE STUDY
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. ANALYSIS OF CONTEXT AND DOCUMENTS
      7. BIM MODELLING
      8. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
      9. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 8: Renaissance-Style Architecture in El Maestrazgo
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE STUDY CASE OF THE CHURCH OF NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA ASUNCIÓN IN VISTABELLA: GEOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL CONTEXT
      5. RESULTS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. Chapter 9: Investigating Baroque Creativity of Minor Examples in Southern Sicily
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REVERSE MODELING APPROACH FOR THE GEOMETRIC INTERPRETATION OF HISTORICAL ARCHITECTURES
      4. THE CHURCH OF SANTA MARIA DELL’ODIGITRIA IN ACIREALE: AN EXAMPLE OF MINOR BAROQUE ARCHITECTURE
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 10: Representation and Experimentation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A GEOMETRY PROBLEM: HOW TO CONSTRUCT THE RULED SURFACE GIVEN THREE SKEW LINES
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 11: Transiting between Representation Technologies and Teaching/Learning Descriptive Geometry
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ADDITIONAL READING
      6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 12: Projective Visualization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: VISUALIZATION VS PROJECTION
      3. PROJECTIVE VISUALIZATIONS AS A DESIGN TOOL
      4. SEMANTIC CUSTOMIZATION
      5. THE “GHOSTS” AND THE “GHOST-BUSTERS” BETWEEN ANALOGUE AND DIGITAL
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
    13. Chapter 13: Oblique Perspectives and CAD Software
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE OBLIQUE PERSPECTIVE TRADITION
      4. TRANSFORMING OTHOGONAL PROJECTIONS INTO OBLIQUE PERSPECTIVES
      5. DIRECT TRANSFORMATION OF 3D MODELS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    14. Chapter 14: Caramuel's “Architectura Obliqua”
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE “OBLIQUE” CULTURE FROM ITALY TO SPAIN: A BACKGROUND
      4. THE OBLIQUE ARCHITECTURE: A CRITICAL READING
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DEVELOPMENTS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    15. Chapter 15: On the Biais Passé
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      4. REFERENCES
      5. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    16. Chapter 16: The Dynamic Eye
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REFERENCES
      4. ADDITIONAL READING
      5. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    17. Chapter 17: Interpretative Reading of an Illusory Painted Wall
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND FRAMEWORK
      3. SURVEY OF A PAINTED WALL
      4. RECONSTRUCTING THE SCENE BY PERSPECTIVE PROJECTION
      5. VIDEO MAPPING OF THE PAINTED WALL
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEYTERMS AND DEFINITION
    18. Chapter 18: The Relief-Perspectives of Bitonti and Borromini
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE INVENTION OF SPACE (AND TIME) THROUGH ITS REPRESENTATION
      4. BUILT PERSPECTIVE AND THE BIRTH OF SCENOGRAPHY
      5. THE RELIEF-PERSPECTIVE AND THE MODERN SCIENCE OF APPEREANCE
      6. THE OBLIQUE ARCHITECTURE. INNOVATION IN THE DESIGN OF THE ARCHITECTURAL SPACE
      7. THE RELIEF-PERSPECTIVES OF FRANCESCO BORROMINI AND GIOVANNI MARIA DA BITONTO
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH LINES AND CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 2
    1. Chapter 19: The Pattern of Repetition and the Quest for Creativity
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      3. REFERENCES
      4. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 20: Platonic Solids and Spatial Visualization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DESIGN METHODS AND TOOLS
      5. DESIGN PROCEDURES
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 21: Emilio Camps Cazorla and the Search of a Geometric Ratio for Islamic Architecture
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCEPTUAL AND CHRONOLOGICAL BACKGROUND
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    4. Chapter 22: Islamic Stereotomy in Cairo
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ADDITIONAL READING
      6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 23: Muqarnas Geometrical and Stereotomic Techniques in Ancient Islamic Architectures
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORICAL ORIGIN OF MUQARNAS
      4. GEOMETRIC CLASSIFICATION OF MUQARNAS ELEMENTS
      5. GEOMETRIC CLASSIFICATION OF MUQARNAS COMPOSITION
      6. MUQARNAS CONSTRUCTION METHOD
      7. MAMLUK CAIRO: STONE MUQARNAS OF MONUMENTAL BUILDINGS. THE CASE OF YASHBAK PORTAL
      8. QUSUN, YASHBAK AND AQBARDI PALACE (14 -16 CENTURIES): GEOMETRIC ANALYSIS AND CONSTRUCTION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 24: About Building Stereotomy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. STEREOTOMY AND DRY-STONE CONSTRUCTION
      5. INNOVATION AND TRADITION OF STEREOTOMY
      6. TOWARDS A STEREOTOMIC DESIGN
      7. LITHIC PROTOTYPES
      8. PROTOTYPES
      9. METHODOLOGY: TRADITIONAL STONE-CUTTING AND CAD-CAM PROCESSES
      10. CONCLUSION AND RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT
      11. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 25: Drawing, Geometry and Construction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE DRAWINGS OF SAN CARLINO
      5. THE GEOMETRY OF SAN CARLINO
      6. THE CONSTRUCTION OF SAN CARLINO DOME
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH LINES
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 26: Algorithms for Geometrical Models in Borromini's San Carlino alle Quattro Fontane
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SECTION CURVES
      5. THE SURFACE
      6. TESSELLATIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. APPENDIX
    9. Chapter 27: Geometry and Drama in Borromini's Architectural Details
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. NOTES REGARDING PALAZZO FALCONIERI
      5. THE ENTRANCE DOOR OF THE APARTMENT OF ORAZIO FALCONIERI
      6. CORNICES OF THE DOORS IN THE PIANO NOBILE
      7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH LINES
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 28: Geometry in the Architectural Design of Rafael Moneo
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ADDITIONAL READING
      6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 29: Folds and Refolds
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. GEOMETRY AND ARCHITECTURE: FROM MODULATED RIGOUR TO INFORMALISM
      3. REPRESENTATION AND CONCEPTION
      4. VARIATION, ADAPTATION, AND INNOVATION
      5. FOLDS, UNFOLDS, AND REFOLDS
      6. FOLDED COMPOSITIONS: MATERIAL EXECUTION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 30: Body Movement Based Architecture
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. RESULTS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 31: Free Form Architecture Engineering
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SHAPE GENERATION
      4. STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION
      5. PANELIZATION
      6. GENERATIVE ALGORITHMS
      7. FINAL RESULTS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    14. Chapter 32: Computational Design and Built Environments
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. COMPUTATIONAL DESIGN, PARAMETRIC MODELING AND DIGITAL FABRICATION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
    15. Chapter 33: Models for Design
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STEPS IN THE REVERSE MODELLING PROCESS
      4. ANALYSIS AND MATHEMATICAL REPRESENTATION OF OBJECTS OF DESIGN
      5. THE GEOMETRICAL SOLUTION FOR A CASE STUDY
      6. ANOTHER SOLUTION METHOD
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    16. Chapter 34: Morphogenetic Paths between Geometrical Traces and Fabrication Issues
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODOLOGY
      4. TOOLS
      5. MORPHOGENESIS: GEOMETRIC ANALYSIS
      6. MORPHOGENESIS: DIGITAL FORM PARAMETERIZATION
      7. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    17. Chapter 35: Algorithms-Aided Sustainable Urban Design
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT
      4. ALGORITHMIC LOGIC
      5. GEOMETRY, PARAMETERIZATION AND PROGRAMMING
      6. APPROACH
      7. RESULTS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    18. Chapter 36: Generative Trees
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
  12. Compilation of References
  13. About the Contributors