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Handbook of Research on Transitional Justice and Peace Building in Turbulent Regions

Book Description

In the era of globalization, awareness surrounding issues of violence and human rights violations has reached an all-time high. In a world where billions of human beings have the potential to create endless destruction, these same individuals are capable of working cooperatively to create adequate solutions to current global problems. The Handbook of Research on Transitional Justice and Peace Building in Turbulent Regions focuses on current issues facing nations and regions where poverty and conflict are endangering the lives of citizens as well as the socio-economic viability of those regions. Highlighting crucial topics and offering potential solutions to problems relating to domestic and international conflict, societal safety and security, as well as political instability, this comprehensive publication is designed to meet the research needs of economists, social theorists, politicians, policy makers, human rights activists, researchers, and graduate-level students across disciplines.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Preface
    1. REFERENCES
  6. Acknowledgment
  7. Section 1: Transitional Justice and Peace Building in Turbulent Regions
    1. Chapter 1: Turbulent Peace, Power, and Ethics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: Reconciliation as a Historical Process
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINING THE SUBJECT
      4. GENERATIONS
      5. SYNCHRONISATION AND HISTORICIZATION
      6. THE GERMAN “VERGANGENHEITS-BEWÄLTIGUNG”
      7. PARAMETERS OF ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ENDNOTES
    3. Chapter 3: The Complexity of Non-Violence Action
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A PRIMARY DISTINCTION: VIOLENCE AND AGGRESSION
      4. THE NATURE OF VIOLENCE
      5. VIOLENCE AND WAR
      6. ALTERNATIVE POLITICAL AND MILITARY ACTIONS
      7. ON ECOLOGY AND BIOLOGY
      8. THE TURN TO SWARM INTELLIGENCE AND COOPERATION
      9. WHERE LIES THE COMPLEXITY OF NON-VIOLENT ACTION, REVISITED
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 4: Negotiation for Sustainable Peace
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 5: Reparations for Children and Youth
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READINGS
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
  8. Section 2: Enduring Turbulences and Elusive Peace
    1. Chapter 6: Violence and Masculinity in the Syrian Conflict
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE VARIOUS FORMS OF VIOLENCE
      5. HOW MAY MASCULINITY BE CONNECTED TO VIOLENCE?
      6. POLITICAL RECONCILIATION OR SECTARIAN RESILIENCE
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 7: Military vs. Citizens in the Arab Zone
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ARAB AUTHORITARIANISM AND ARMIES
      5. WARRIORS AND MIGHT THROUGH PHILOSOPHY
      6. VIOLENCE: OPPRESSION OR EMANCIPATION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    3. Chapter 8: Informality and Informalization among Eritrean Refugees
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. REFUGEES AND MIGRATION BETWEEN THE FORMAL AND THE INFORMAL
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 9: Of Justice, Accountability, and Reconciliation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. A FLAWED HISTORY OF JUSTICE AND RECONCILIATION IN SOUTH SUDAN
      3. CONCLUSION
      4. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 10: Post-Conflict Justice in Cambodia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE SET-UP OF THE TRIBUNAL
      5. THE CASES
      6. CO-OPERATION BETWEEN CAMBODIA AND THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY
      7. THE PERCEPTION OF THE TRIBUNAL IN CAMBODIAN SOCIETY
      8. LEGACY OF THE TRIBUNAL
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READINGS
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 11: Gacaca Courts in Rwanda
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. GACACA COURTS IN RWANDA: EXPERIENCE AND PERSPECTIVES
      3. REFERENCES
      4. ENDNOTES
  9. Section 3: The Turbulent Iraq
    1. Chapter 12: Enforcing Central Authority
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. THE RISE OF IRAQ’S AUTHORITARIAN STATE
      6. THE PEAK AND CRISIS OF IRAQ’S AUTHORITARIAN STATE
      7. THE REVIVAL OF IRAQ’S CENTRAL STATE
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 13: The Trade Union Movement of Iraq after 2003
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. IRAQ'S MODERN HISTORY: ALL ABOUT SHI'A AND SUNNA?
      5. NARRATIVES, STATE BUILDING, AND CONSOCIONALISM
      6. THE DECLINE OF A SECULAR CIVIL SOCIETY PLAYER: TRADE UNIOS AFTER 2003
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
      13. APPENDIX
    3. Chapter 14: Reconciliation of Identity Groups in Iraq
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CONFLICT ANALYSIS
      5. POLITICAL MEANS FOR ETHNIC ACCOMMODATION IN WORLD OF POLITICS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 15: The Neo-Colonial State of Exception in Occupied Iraq
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. A STATE OF EXCEPTION?
      5. THE RIGHT TYPE OF VALUE
      6. THE OCCUPATION AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF PROPERTY RELATIONS
      7. THE OCCUPATION AND INTERNATIONAL LAW
      8. LEX MERCATORIA AND THE WASHINGTON CONSENSUS
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS: CHALLENGING LEX MERCATORIA
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ENDNOTES
  10. Section 4: The Turbulent Colombia
    1. Chapter 16: Retaliation in Transitional Justice Scenarios
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ARGENTINA: AN ARCHIVE OF STATE CRIME
      4. COLOMBIA: CONSTELLATIONS OF VIOLENCE IN TRANSITION
      5. PEACE AND JUSTICE LAW: FRAMEWORK OF TRANSITION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 17: From the Studies of Violences to Memories
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: VIOLENCE STUDIES IN COLOMBIA
      4. STUDIES ON MEMORIES
      5. THE MASSACRES OF EL SALADO AND NUEVA VENECIA
      6. RESEARCH PROBLEM, OBJECTIVES, METHODOLOGY, AND RESULTS
      7. RESULTS
      8. FINAL REFLECTIONS AND FUTURE WORK
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
    3. Chapter 18: Reconstruction of Historical Memory In The Midst Of the Armed Conflict in Colombia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE WORK OF RECONSTRUCTION OF HISTORICAL MEMORY IN CONTEXTS OF CONFLICT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      8. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 19: Different Paths to Peace Building
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DDR IN PERSPECTIVE: COLOMBIA AND ACEH, INDONESIA
      5. THE LONG PATH TO PEACE: EVOLUTION OF PEACE BUILDING AND DDR
      6. TAILOR MADE DDR PROGRAMS AND LOCAL OWNERSHIP
      7. WHO IS BUILDING PEACE?
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 20: Transitional Justice and Indigenous Jurisdictions Processes in Colombia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ORGANIZATION OF THE PAPER
      4. EMBLEMATIC CASES THAT CHALLENGES TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE AT NATIONAL LEVEL: INDIGENOUS PEOPLES ARHUACO AND WAYUU
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH, DIRECTIONS, AND CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 21: Criminal Interests within Political Insurgencies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: ECONOMIC INTERESTS IN CONFLICTS
      4. THINKING ABOUT COUNTERINSURGENCY
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    7. Chapter 22: Might the Keys to Peace Open the Doors to Extractivism?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ARMED CONFLICT AND EXTRACTIVISM ESCALATE UNDER PRESIDENT ALVARO URIBE VELEZ
      5. TRANSITIONS AND CONTINUITY UNDER SANTOS
      6. PEACE AND EXTRACTIVISM
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    8. Chapter 23: Caguan's and Havana's Peace Talks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CAGUAN PEACE TALKS: A STRATEGIC RETREAT?
      5. THE STATE REGAINS THE STRATEGIC EDGE
      6. STAGNATION AND PERCEIVED STALEMATE OF THE COLOMBIAN ARMED CONFLICT
      7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. ENDNOTES
  11. Compilation of References
  12. About the Contributors