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Handbook of Research on Trends in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Conditions

Book Description

Stemming from environmental, genetic, and situational factors, chronic disease is a critical concern in modern medicine. Managing treatment and controlling symptoms is imperative to the longevity and quality of life of patients with such diseases. The Handbook of Research on Trends in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Conditions features current research on the diagnosis, monitoring, management, and treatment of recurring diseases such as diabetes, Parkinson's disease, autoimmune disorders, and others. This handbook is intended for practitioners and researchers across various disciplines including, but not limited to, biology, biomedical engineering, computer science, and information and communication technologies. Aimed at identifying new disease determinants and the way in which new technologies can contribute to improved health outcomes, this handbook covers a variety of topics, including wearable and mobile technologies, capillaroscopy imaging, diagnostic and monitoring methods, and disease prediction modeling, among others.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Section 1: Detection and Treatment of Chronic Diseases
    1. Chapter 1: New Diagnostic and Monitoring Method for Osteoporosis
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. OSTEOPOROSIS AND MONITORING METHODS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: Alzheimer's Electroencephalogram Event Scalp and Source Localization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROPOSED METHODOLOGY
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Towards Medical Systems to Aid the Detection and Treatment of Chronic Diseases
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. USING MEDICAL SYSTEMS FOR DETECTION AND TREATMENT OF CHRONIC DISEASES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 4: Advanced Approaches to Diagnose and Treat the Chronic Autoimmune Disorders
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. BIOSENSING TECHNIQUES
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 5: HPV Detection Methods
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HPV DETECTION TECHNIQUES
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
  9. Section 2: Signal and Image Processing for Chronic Disease Diagnosis
    1. Chapter 6: Automated Categorisation of Nailfold Capillaroscopy Images
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NAILFOLD CAPILLAROSCOPY
      4. SEMI-AUTOMATED COMPUTERISED NAILFOLD CAPILLAROSCOPY
      5. AUTOMATED COMPUTERISED NAILFOLD CAPILLAROSCOPY
      6. HOLISTIC COMPUTERISED NAILFOLD CAPILLAROSCOPY
      7. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 7: Computer-Aided Analysis of Nailfold Capillaroscopy Images
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ENHANCEMENT OF NAILFOLD CAPILLAROSCOPY IMAGES
      4. EXPERIMENTS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. SKELETONISATION OF NAILFOLD CAPILLAROSCOPY IMAGES
      7. EXPERIMENTS
      8. DISCUSSION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 8: Analysis of 3D Corpus Callosum Images in the Brains of Autistic Individuals
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODS
      5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX
    4. Chapter 9: Trends of ECG Analysis and Diagnosis
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 10: Isocenter Verification in Radiotherapy Clinical Practice Using Virtual Simulation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODS
      5. RESULTS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 11: A Review of Automated Methodologies for the Detection of Epileptic Episodes Using Long-Term EEG Signals
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. TYPES OF EPILEPTIC SEIZURES
      5. DETECTION OF EPILEPTIC SEIZURES USING EEG
      6. COMPARISON OF METHODOLOGIES
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Section 3: Modelling of Chronic Diseases
    1. Chapter 12: What's Memory All About?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ALZHEIMER’S BASICS
      5. PARTICIPATORY DESIGN
      6. THE APPLICATION: MEM+
      7. USABILITY ISSUES
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 13: Computer Predictive Model for Plaque Formation and Progression in the Artery
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NUMERICAL MODEL OF PLAQUE FORMATION AND GROWING IN 3D SPACE
      4. COMPUTATIONAL MODELING OF EXPERIMENTS
      5. ANIMAL PIG EXPERIMENTS
      6. RESULTS ON COMPARISON OF MEDICAL IMAGING AND COMPUTER SIMULATIONS
      7. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE RESULTS
      8. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 14: Contemporary Heart Failure Treatment Based on Improved Knowledge and Personalized Care of Comorbidities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODOLOGY FOR DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND FOLLOW UP FOR HF
      4. IMPACT OF THE PROPOSED SOLUTION
      5. ETHICAL APPROACH
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 15: Proliferation and Nonlinear Dynamics of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Revisited
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE MERGING OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES WITH THE “EXACT” SCIENCES
      4. BACKGROUND
      5. PROLIFERATION DYNAMICS AND NEOPLASMS
      6. ISSUES
      7. CONTROVERSIES
      8. PROBLEMS
      9. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 16: Clinical Practice Ontology Automatic Learning from SOAP Reports
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ONTOLOGY POPULATION IN HEALTHCARE
      4. OGCP
      5. ONTOLOGICAL RELATIONS LEARNING AND ENRICHMENT
      6. FUTURE WORK
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
  11. Section 4: Chronic Disease Monitoring
    1. Chapter 17: Health Guidance Provision Infrastructure for Personalized Diabetes Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PERSONAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT AND MOBILE HEALTH
      4. STATE OF THE ART: INNOVATION OF THE PLATFORM
      5. METHODOLOGY – PROPOSED SOLUTION
      6. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 18: Home Care Systems for the Management of Patients with Mental Disorders
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DEMENTIA BASICS
      5. ALADDIN DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION
      6. PILOT TESTING AND ASSESSMENT
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 19: Definition of a Pervasive Architecture for a Central Monitoring of Homecare Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORKS
      4. ONTOLOGY APPLIED TO THE ARCHITECTURE
      5. ARCHITECTURE FOR HOMECARE PERVASIVE SYSTEM
      6. MANAGEMENT OF THE HOMECARE ONTOLOGY
      7. CASE STUDY
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 20: Assessment of Chronic Health Care through an Internet Consensus Tool
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE HEALTH CONSENSUS METHOD
      4. CONSENSUS IN THE FIELD OF CHRONIC CARE ASSESSMENT
      5. RESULTS: INDICATORS SELECTED
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 21: Assistive Technologies and Computers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUTURE TRENDS
      5. CONCLUSIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 22: Personal Health Systems for Diabetes Management, Early Diagnosis and Prevention
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  12. Section 5: Mobile and Wearable Solutions for Chronic Diseases
    1. Chapter 23: Trends and New Advances on Wearable and Mobile Technologies for Parkinson's Disease Monitoring and Assessment of Motor Symptoms
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PARKINSON’S DISEASE MONITORING, ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT
      5. RELATED RESEARCH WORKS
      6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH WORK
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 24: mHealth Environments for Chronic Disease Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CHRONIC DISEASE MANAGEMENT IN COPD
      5. CHRONIC DISEASE MANAGEMENT IN TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2 DIABETES
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 25: Integrated System for Continuous Monitoring of COPD
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CHALLENGES RELATED TO COPD MANAGEMENT
      4. MAIN PROGRESS
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. EXPLOITABILITY OF THE SOLUTION
      7. Benefits and Value of the Solution
      8. REFERENCES
  13. Compilation of References
  14. About the Contributors