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Handbook of Research on Computational Simulation and Modeling in Engineering

Book Description

Multiple disciplines depend on computer programs and software to predict project challenges, outcomes, and solutions. Through the use of virtual prototyping, researchers and professionals are better able to analyze data and improve projects without direct experimentation, which can be costly or dangerous. The Handbook of Research on Computational Simulation and Modeling in Engineering is an authoritative reference source on the computer models and technologies necessary to enhance engineering structures and planning for real-world applications. This publication is an essential resource for academicians, researchers, advanced-level students, technology developers, and engineers interested in the advancements taking place at the intersection of computer technology and the physical sciences. This publication features chapters on the advanced technologies developed within the field of engineering including prediction tools, software programs, algorithms, and theoretical and computational models.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Preface
    1. PURPOSE OF THE BOOK
    2. TARGET AUDIENCE
    3. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Section 1: Intelligent Systems and Control Engineering
    1. Chapter 1: Computational Modelling and Simulation to Assist the Improvement of Thermal Performance and Energy Efficiency in Industrial Engineering Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS APPROACH: ANALYSIS OF AIR INFILTRATION THROUGH COLD ROOM'S DOOR
      4. Problem
      5. ENERGY ANALYSIS AND HEAT LOADS CALCULATION APPROACH: APPLICATION TO AGROINDUSTRIAL FACILITES
      6. GLOBAL PREDICTIVE APPROACH: EVALUATION OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN MEAT AGROINDUSTRIAL SECTOR
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: Different Approaches for Studying Interruptible Industrial Processes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE DISCRETE EVENT SIMULATION (DES)
      5. EXAMPLE 1: PRODUCTION MODEL
      6. EXAMPLE 2: WASTE BINS COLLECTION BY TRUCKS
      7. EXAMPLE 3: OFFSHORE SUPPLY BASE
      8. EXAMPLE 4: HARBOR MODELING
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. AKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Energy Conservation Law for the Turbulent Motion in the Free Atmosphere
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      4. Issues, Controversies, Problems
      5. Mathematical formulation of the problem
      6. Stable solution FOR THE potential field of the Navier-Stokes PROBLEM
      7. The Navier-Stokes PROBLEM FOR THE divergent potential field
      8. UNSTABLE SOLUTION FOR THE EDDY FLOW OF THE NAVIER-STOKES PROBLEM
      9. UNSTABLE SOLUTION FOR THE DIVERGENT EDDY FLOW OF THE NAVIER-STOKES PROBLEM
      10. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      11. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      14. REFERENCES
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 4: Multi-Objective Optimization of Two-Stage Thermo-Electric Cooler Using Differential Evolution
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. NOMENCLATURE
      3. INTRODUCTION
      4. BACKGROUND
      5. DIFFERENTIAL EVOLUTION OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUE
      6. MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION
      7. TEST SYSTEM DETAILS
      8. SIMULATION RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 5: On Simulation Performance of Feedforward and NARX Networks Under Different Numerical Training Algorithms
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODS
      5. DATA AND EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 6: On the Use of Stochastic Activity Networks for an Energy-Aware Simulation of Automatic Weather Stations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. GENERAL STRUCTURE OF AN AWS
      5. THE SAN FORMALISM AND THE MÖBIUS FRAMEWORK
      6. THE SAN MODEL OF AN AWS
      7. THE SIMULATOR OF AWSs
      8. VALIDATION OF THE SIMULATOR
      9. USAGE OF THE SIMULATOR
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 7: Reliability Analysis of Slope Using MPMR, GRNN and GPR
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DETAILS OF FOSM
      4. DETAILS OF MPMR
      5. DETAILS OF GPR
      6. DETAILS OF GRNN
      7. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 8: Simulation and Modeling
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1.0: INTRODUCTION
      3. 2.0: HYDROPOWER PLANT
      4. 3.0: DESIGN METHODOLOGY
      5. 4.0 DESIGN PROCEDURE
      6. 5.0 SIMULATION RESULTS USING MATLAB
      7. 6.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX
  9. Section 2: Software and Computer Engineering
    1. Chapter 9: Characterising Enterprise Application Integration Solutions as Discrete-Event Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORK
      4. BACKGROUND
      5. INTEGRATION SOLUTIONS AS DISCRETE-EVENT SYSTEMS
      6. MARKOV PROCESSES BASED SYSTEM MODELLING
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 10: Comparison of Methods to Display Principal Component Analysis, Focusing on Biplots and the Selection of Biplot Axes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. TERMINOLOGY AND PRACTICAL CASE
      4. 3. REVIEW OF DATA TREATMENTS BEFORE PCA
      5. 4. REVIEW OF PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS
      6. 5. REVIEW OF BIPLOTS APPLIED TO PCA
      7. 6. IMPROVEMENTS IN BIPLOTS WITH AUTOBIPLOT.PCA FUNCTION
      8. 7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTION
      9. 8. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 11: Educational Software Based on Matlab GUIs for Neural Networks Courses
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MULTILAYER PERCEPTRON
      5. SOFTWARE PACKAGES FOR NN
      6. DEVELOPED APPLICATION: NNGUI
      7. PRACTICAL EXAMPLE OF THE GUI FOR A CLASSIFICATION PROBLEM
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 12: Human Motion Analysis and Simulation Tools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
      4. HUMAN MOTION APPLICATION AREAS
      5. HUMAN MOTION ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION
      6. SELECTED TOOLS
      7. PROPOSED CLASSIFICATION FRAMEWORK
      8. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 13: Methods for Assessing Still Image Compression Efficiency
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
      3. IMAGE COMPRESSION
      4. COMPRESSION TECHNIQUE PRESENTATIONAL QUALITY
      5. IMAGE COMPRESSION EFFICIENCY
      6. COMPRESSION EFFICIENCY IN SICEP
      7. DISCUSSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 14: Software Design
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. SOFTWARE DESIGN METRICS
      7. QUALITY ATTRIBUTES
      8. PROTOTYPING AND DESIGN PROCESSES
      9. SOFTWARE DESIGN AND RISK ANALYSIS
      10. CURRENT RESEARCH AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Section 3: Civil and Environment Engineering
    1. Chapter 15: Numerical Modeling of RC Bridges for Seismic Risk Analysis
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. STRUCTURAL MODELING
      5. SAFETY ASSESSMENT
      6. APPLICATIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 16: Simulation Based Construction Project Schedule Optimization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND
      4. 3. DISCRETE-EVENT SIMULATION IN CONSTRUCTION
      5. 4. SIMULATION-BASED OPTIMIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULES
      6. 5. EXTENSIONS OF RCPSP
      7. 6. ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES
      8. 7. PERFORMANCE COMPARISON
      9. 8. CONCLUSION
      10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 17: Stochastic Drought Forecasting Exploration for Water Resources Management in the Upper Tana River Basin, Kenya
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND
      4. 3. TYPES OF DROUGHTS
      5. 4. DROUGHTS IN KENYA
      6. 5. DROUGHT ASSESSMENT INDICES
      7. 6. STOCHASTIC DROUGHT FORECASTING
      8. 7. CATEGORIES OF DROUGHT FORECASTING
      9. 7. RECOMMENDATIONS
      10. 8. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 18: Structural Non-Linear Models and Simulation Techniques
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FUNDAMENTALS ON STRUCTURAL SAFETY OF RC STRUCTURES
      4. PROPOSED METHODOLOGY FOR NON-LINEAR SAFETY EVALUATION
      5. FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS AND RESEARCH
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 4: Electronic and Opto-Electronic Engineering
    1. Chapter 19: Modeling for Self-Optimization in Laser Cutting
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ON THE HANDLING OF THE FOCUS-SHIFT IN LASER FUSION CUTTING
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 20: Sensitivity Analysis of Laser Cutting Based on Metamodeling Approach
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METAMODELING CONCEPT
      4. SHEET METAL CUTTING APPLICATION
      5. SIMULATION AND MODELLING OF SHEET METAL CUTTING
      6. METAMODELING OF SHEET METAL CUTTING
      7. VALIDATION OF THE METAMODEL
      8. MORRIS SCREENING
      9. RESULTS
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 21: Simulations and Modeling of TFET for Low Power Design
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OPERATING PRINCIPLES OF TUNNEL FET (TFET)
      4. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DEVICE STRUCTURE FOR TFET AND MOSFET
      5. TFET GEOMETRY AND ELECTRICAL PARAMETERS
      6. RESULT AND DISCUSSION OF DEVICE SIMULATION
      7. TFET BASED SRAM CELL DESIGN
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 22: Using Theoretical and Computational Models to Understand How Metals Function as Temperature Sensors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE AND RESISTIVITY
      5. LATTICE VIBRATIONS
      6. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY AND LATTICE VIBRATIONS
      7. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY AND TEMPERATURE
      8. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY AND MATERIAL THICKNESS
      9. THEORETICAL MODELS FOR ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY
      10. SOFTWARE MODELING
      11. RESULTS FROM THE COMPUTATIONAL ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION
      12. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      13. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
      14. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      15. REFERENCES
      16. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  12. Section 5: Communication Networks and Systems Engineering
    1. Chapter 23: Quality of Service and Radio Management in Biomedical Wireless Sensor Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RADIO MANAGEMENT IN LOW-POWER WIRELESS NETWORKS
      5. Experimental Validation
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 24: Reducing Simulation Runtime in Wireless Sensor Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SIMULATION FRAMEWORK
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  13. Compilation of References
  14. About the Contributors