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Handbook of Research on Uncovering New Methods for Ecosystem Management through Bioremediation

Book Description

Maintaining and preserving the environment is a crucial consideration in an era where climate change and rising sea levels are common knowledge. It is important for researchers and developers alike to explore potential solutions for a steadily warming world. The Handbook of Research on Uncovering New Methods for Ecosystem Management through Bioremediation focuses on the agricultural industry’s impact on climate change, presenting critical concerns as well as innovations and contemporary research toward the solutions sorely needed by the global economy. With a primary consideration of bioremediation as an effective environmental management tool, this handbook provides insight to researchers, agricultural specialists, biologists, chemists, environmental engineers, and policymakers. Covering a broad range of topics such as pollution, microbial ligninolysis, environmental restoration, ecosystem management, and more, the chapters in this handbook are written by specialists and experts in their respective fields, offering a comprehensive compendium of current research in the industry.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. Foreword
  7. Preface
    1. THE PERSPECTIVES
    2. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    3. REFERENCES
  8. Acknowledgement
  9. Section 1: Microbial Bioremediation: Process and Technologies
    1. Chapter 1: Microbe Associated Phytoremediation Technology for Management of Oil Sludge
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HYDROCARBONS CONTAMINATION
      4. MAJOR POLLUTION CONTRIBUTORS
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH AND DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: Role of Micro-Organisms in Bioremediation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DIFFERENT KINDS OF CONTAMINANTS
      4. ROLE OF MICROORGANISMS (AEROBIC/ANAEROBIC) IN BIOREMEDIATION
      5. FACTORS AFFECTING BIOREMEDIATION
      6. ESTIMATION OF BIOREMEDIATION
      7. USE OF TRICHODERMA SPP. IN BIOREMEDIATION
      8. ADVANTAGES OF BIOREMEDIATION
      9. LIMITATIONS OF BIOREMEDIATION
      10. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Bioremediation of Pesticides under the Influence of Bacteria and Fungi
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MECHANISMS OF BIOREMEDIATION
      4. DEGRADATION MECHANISM OF PESTICIDES
      5. ROLE OF FUNGI IN BIODEGRADATION
      6. ROLE OF BACTERIA IN BIODEGRADATION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 4: Engineering of Microbes for Heavy Metal Tolerance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HEAVY METALS AND THEIR EFFECTS
      4. MICROBES HELPING IN BIOREMEDIATION: GENERAL ATTRIBUTES
      5. HEAVY METAL: TOXICITY, TOLERANCE, AND RESISTANCE IN BACTERIA
      6. GENETIC ENGINEERING FOR IMPROVED BIOREMEDIATION
      7. APPLICATIONS OF METAL RESISTANT BACTERIA
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINATIONS
    5. Chapter 5: Arsenic Pollution in the Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SPECIATION AND TRANSFORMATION OF ARSENIC
      4. TOXICOLOGICAL ASPECT OF ARSENIC
      5. SEVERITY OF ARSENIC CONTAMINATION IN THE ENVIRONMENT
      6. GROUNDWATER ARSENIC CONTAMINATION
      7. IMPACT ON IRRIGATION WATER AND SOIL
      8. ARSENIC SEVERITY: BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE
      9. GEOCHEMICAL BASIS OF ARSENIC DISSEMINATION INTO GROUND WATER
      10. MICROBES AND ARSENIC
      11. MICROBIOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION OF ARSENIC
      12. GENES INVOLVED IN ARSENIC RESISTANCE: THE ARS OPERON
      13. GENES INVOLVED IN ARSENITE OXIDATION AND REDUCTION
      14. ROAD TO MICROBIAL REMEDIATION OF ARSENIC
      15. ENGINEERED MICROBES FOR ARSENIC BIOREMEDIATION
      16. CASE STUDY
      17. ARSENIC REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES: CONVENTIONAL VS BIOLOGICAL
      18. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
      19. REFERENCES
      20. ADDITIONAL READING
      21. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 6: Microbial Ligninolysis
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FACTORS REGULATING MICROBIAL LIGNINOLYSIS
      5. FUTURE ASPECT OF MICROBIAL LIGNINOLYSIS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 7: Soil Bioremediation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EX SITU BIOREMEDIATION
      4. IN SITU BIOREMEDIATION
      5. SOIL BIOREMEDIATION
      6. SOIL CONTAMINANTS AND BIOREMEDIATION
      7. PESTICIDES AND THEIR REMEDIATION
      8. BIOREMEDIATION OF PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON CONTAMINANTS IN SOIL
      9. HEAVY METAL CONTAMINATION IN SOILS AND BIOREMEDIATION
      10. THE PROCESS AND MECHANISM OF MICROBIAL REMEDIATION OF HEAVY METALS
      11. BIOREMEDIATION THROUGH RHIZOSPHERE TECHNOLOGY
      12. BIOFILMS
      13. BIOREMEDIATION OF POLLUTANTS USING BIOFILMS
      14. ELECTROREMEDIATION
      15. FUTURE CONSIDERATIONS
      16. CONCLUSION
      17. REFERENCES
  10. Section 2: Bioremediation through Plant and Its Interaction with Microbes
    1. Chapter 8: Restoration of Environment Through Phytoremediation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PLANT-BASED REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGY
      4. MECHANISM OF PHYTOREMEDIATION
      5. PHYTOREMEDIATION AND AIR POLLUTION
      6. PHYTOREMEDIATION AND GROUNDWATER POLLUTION
      7. PHYTOREMEDIATION AND SOIL POLLUTION
      8. PHYTOREMEDIATION AND OIL SPILL POLLUTION
      9. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      13. REFERENCES
      14. ADDITIONAL READING
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 9: Vegetation Filters
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND OF TREATMENT SYSTEM
      4. PHYTOREMEDIATION WITH SRWC
      5. SELECTION OF TREE SPECIES FOR PHYTOREMEDIATION
      6. ADVANTAGES OF WASTEWATER IRRIGATION TO TREES
      7. FERTIGATION POTENTIAL OF WASTEWATER
      8. ENHANCED BIOMASS PRODUCTION THROUGH FERTIGATION
      9. SOIL RESPONSES TO WASTEWATER IRRIGATION
      10. SOIL ENZYMES AS INDICATOR OF SOIL HEALTH
      11. BIOMASS PRODUCTION AND ENERGY SECURITY
      12. ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS AND BENEFITS
      13. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE
      14. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      15. REFERENCES
      16. ADDITIONAL READING
      17. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 10: Bioremediation of Oil Contaminated Soil and Water
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BIOREMEDIATION STRATEGIES
      4. BIOREMEDIATION OF PETROLEUM OIL CONTAMINATED ENVIRONMENTS
      5. LIMITATIONS OF BIOREMEDIATION
      6. BIOREMEDIATION OF PLANT/ANIMAL ORIGIN OIL CONTAMINATED ENVIRONMENTS
      7. PHYTOREMEDIATION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIVES
      9. TACKLING REGULATORY ISSUES FOR THE RELEASE OF GMOS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 11: Potential Application of Plant-Microbe Interaction for Restoration of Degraded Ecosystems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: HEAVY METAL POLLUTION
      4. PESTICIDE POLLUTION
      5. ECOSYSTEM DEGRADATION
      6. ECO-RESTORATION OF DEGRADED ECOSYSTEMS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 12: Microbial Functional Activity in Bioremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ROLE OF MICROORGANISMS IN BIOREMEDIATION
      4. SOIL AND WATER CONTAMINATION
      5. HAZARD ASSESSMENT
      6. BIOREMEDIATION PRINCIPLES
      7. FACTORS AFFECTING BIOREMEDIATION
      8. MICROBIAL REMEDIATION (MICRO-REMEDIATION)
      9. EARTHWORMS ASSISTED BIOREMEDIATION/ VERMIREMEDIATION
      10. SURFACTANT ENHANCED BIOREMEDIATION
      11. NANO-BIOREMEDIATION
      12. BIOREMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES
      13. ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS
      14. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
      15. REFERENCES
      16. ADDITIONAL READING
      17. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 3: Applied Bioremediation: Active and Passive Approaches
    1. Chapter 13: Biological Alchemy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WASTE INTO VERMICOMPOST
      4. ADVANTAGES OF VERMICOMPOST
      5. NUTRITIONAL QUALITY OF VERMICOMPOST
      6. IMPROVED CROP GROWTH AND YIELD
      7. ECONOMICALLY VIABLE TECHNIQUE
      8. COMMERCIAL VERMICULTURE
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 14: Green Strategy for Production of Antimicrobial Textiles
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND OF TEXTILE INDUSTRIES
      4. PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY AS FOLLOWS
      5. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS FOR TEXTLES
      6. APPLICATIONS
      7. EXTRACTION OF NATURAL DYES FROM PLANTS
      8. PRODUCTION OF TEXTILE NATURAL DYES FROM PLANTS
      9. PRODUCTION OF TEXTILE NATURAL DYES FROM INSECTS
      10. ECOFRIENDLY SUN PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
      11. NANOTECHNOLOGY: A NEW STRATEGY TO DEVELOP NON-TOXIC ANTIMICROBIAL TEXTILES
      12. SOLUTION AND RECOMMENDATION
      13. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      14. CONCLUSION
      15. REFERENCES
      16. ADDITIONAL READING
      17. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 15: Optimization Studies on Biosorption of Ni(ii) and Cd(ii) from Wastewater in a Packed Bed Bioreactor
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR HEAVY METALS REMOVAL
      4. BIOSORPTION
      5. BIOSORBENTS
      6. BIOSORBENT IMMOBILIZATION FOR BIOREACTORS AND REGENERATION
      7. ISOTHERMS AND KINETIC MODELS OF BIOSORPTION
      8. FACTORS AFFECTING BIOSORPTION PROCESS
      9. NICKEL [Ni(II)]
      10. CADMIUM [Cd(II)]
      11. BIOREACTORS FOR HEAVY METAL REMOVAL FROM WASTE WATER
      12. DESIGN EXPERT SOFTWARE AND RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY (RSM)
      13. CONCLUSION
      14. REFERENCES
      15. ADDITIONAL READING
      16. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 16: Role of Biotechnology in Bioremediation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OMICS IN BIOREMEDIATION
      4. BIOINFORMATICS APPROACH IN BIOREMEDIATION
      5. BIOSENSORS IN BIOREMEDIATION
      6. SYSTEM BIOLOGY APPROACH IN BIOREMEDIATION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 17: Bioremediation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SUPERIORITY OF ENZYMES OVER MICROBES IN BIOREMEDIATION
      4. PROPERTIES OF ENZYMES FOR BIOREMEDIATION
      5. ENZYMES IN BIOREMEDIATION
      6. MAJOR POLLUTANT AND THEIR ENZYMATIC BIOREMEDIATION
      7. CURRENT AND FUTURE ADVANCEMENT IN ENZYME BIOREMEDIATION
      8. PROS AND CONS OF ENZYME BIOREMEDIATION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 18: Fundamentals of Electrostatic Spraying
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ELECTROSTATICS AND PESTICIDE SPRAYING: THEORETICAL CONCEPTS
      4. ELECTROSTATICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS TO AGRICULTURAL SPRAYING
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIVES IN ELECTROSTATIC PROCESSES APPLIED TO AGRICULTURE AND AGRICULTURAL RELATED AREAS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 19: Bioremediation via Nanoparticles
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
      4. BIOSYNTHESIS OF NANOPARTICLES
      5. ADVANTAGES OF NANOPARTICLES
      6. STRATEGIES OF NANOPARTICLES TO CONTROL THE POLLUTION
      7. NANOPARTICLE AS A SENSOR
      8. REMEDIATION
      9. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PROSPECTS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITION
  12. Compilation of References
  13. About the Contributors