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Handbook of Research on Emerging Digital Tools for Architectural Surveying, Modeling, and Representation

Book Description

Technological revolutions have changed the field of architecture exponentially. The advent of new technologies and digital tools will continue to advance the work of architects globally, aiding in architectural design, planning, implementation, and restoration. The Handbook of Research on Emerging Digital Tools for Architectural Surveying, Modeling, and Representation presents expansive coverage on the latest trends and digital solutions being applied to architectural heritage. Spanning two volumes of research-based content, this publication is an all-encompassing reference source for scholars, IT professionals, engineers, architects, and business managers interested in current methodologies, concepts, and instruments being used in the field of architecture.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. Foreword
    1. REFERENCES
    2. ENDNOTES
  7. Preface
    1. ADVANCED DIGITAL TOOLS AND ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
    2. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    3. CONCLUSION
  8. Chapter 1: Color Acquisition, Management, Rendering, and Assessment in 3D Reality-Based Models Construction
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE DEVELOPED METHOD AND WORKFLOW
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  9. Chapter 2: The Surveying and Representation Process Applied to Architecture
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE SURVEYING AND REPRESENTATION PROCESS APPLIED TO ARCHITECTURE
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Chapter 3: On Visual Computing for Architectural Heritage
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. WHAT TO VISUALIZE/HOW TO COMPUTERIZE
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Chapter 4: Digital Photogrammetry and Structure from Motion for Architectural Heritage
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. STRUCTURE-FROM-MOTION SYSTEMS: GENERAL QUESTIONS
    4. 3. EXPERIMENTATION ON THE PALAZZO DEI CAPITANI DEL POPOLO
    5. 4. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  12. Chapter 5: Comparative Study of Graphic Representation Methods on Architectural Heritage
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DIFFERENT GRAPHIC SURVEYING METHODS APPLIED TO ST. MICHAEL’S PORTAL OF THE CHURCH OF OUR LADY OF THE ASSUMPTION IN VISTABELLA
    5. SCOPE OF THE STUDY
    6. APPROACH
    7. METHODOLOGY
    8. RESULTS
    9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    10. CONCLUSION
    11. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    12. REFERENCES
    13. ADDITIONAL READING
    14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  13. Chapter 6: Shape and Geometry in the Integrated Digital Survey
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. SHAPE AND GEOMETRY IN THE INTEGRATED DIGITAL SURVEY
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. ENDNOTES
  14. Chapter 7: Historic Building Information Modelling (HBIM)
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. RELATED WORK
    4. BUILDING A LIBRARY OF PARAMETRIC OBJECTS FOR HBIM
    5. AUTOMATING THE HBIM PROCESS
    6. HBIM-MAPPING TO SURVEY DATA
    7. INTEROPERABILITY OF HBIM
    8. TESTING AND EVALUATION OF HBIM
    9. FUTURE WORK
    10. CONCLUSION
    11. REFERENCES
    12. ADDITIONAL READING
    13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  15. Chapter 8: BIM and Interoperability for Cultural Heritage through ICT
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. METHODOLOGY
    5. RESULTS
    6. SMART BUILDING APPLICATIONS FOR MANAGEMENT AND USER AWARENESS
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. ENDNOTE
  16. Chapter 9: Semantic Representation of Accurate Surveys for the Cultural Heritage
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. SEMANTICS AND EXISTING ARCHITECTURE
    4. HIGH DEFINITION SURVEYS AND BIM
    5. TOWARDS A BIM PROCESS FOR THE CULTURAL HERITAGE DOCUMENTATION
    6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
    7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  17. Chapter 10: The SIArch-Univaq
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. GIS FOR ARCHITECTURE
    5. THE CHOICES AT THE BASIS OF THE PROJECT
    6. THE SIARCH-UNIVAQ STRUCTURE
    7. INFORMATION COLLECTION AND COMPILATION OF THE DATABASE
    8. ENQUIRY SUPPORT FOR THE DATABASE
    9. CONSTRUCTION AND IMPORTATION OF THE MODEL
    10. THE TESTING OPERATIONS
    11. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    12. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    13. CONCLUSION
    14. REFERENCES
    15. ADDITIONAL READING
    16. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    17. ENDNOTES
  18. Chapter 11: Integrated Multi-Scalar Approach for 3D Cultural Heritage Acquisitions
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE METHODOLOGY
    5. THE PROCESS
    6. RESULTS COMPARISON AND ASSESSMENTS
    7. INTEGRATION RESULTS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    10. ADDENDUM
    11. REFERENCES
    12. ADDITIONAL READING
    13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  19. Chapter 12: A Possible Method for 3D Photo Scanning Speed Survey
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. HISTORICAL TERRITORIAL URBAN SETTING
    4. PHOTO SCANNING TECNIQUE
    5. SAINT ANGELO BRIDGE ABOVE AUSO
    6. THE DIRECT SURVEY OF THE BRIDGE
    7. PHOTO SCANNING APPLICATION TO THE BRIDGE OF SANT’ANGELO ABOVE AUSO
    8. AN OPERATIVE PROPOSAL FOR A GREAT DISTANCE SPEED SURVEY IN PHOTO SCANNING
    9. ZSCAN, PHOTOMODELER, AND 123D CATCH, ADVANTAGES AND DIFFERENCES
    10. CONCLUSION
    11. REFERENCES
    12. ADDITIONAL READING
    13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  20. Chapter 13: The Advantages of Using Laser Scanners in Surveying in Protected Sites
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. USING 3D LASER SCAN TECHNOLOGY IN SURVEYING
    5. FOUNDATIONAL PRINCIPLES AND THE TECHNIQUES OF RENDERING SURVEYS
    6. ADVANTAGES OF USING 3D LASER SCAN TECHNOLOGY IN SURVEYING AND DOCUMENTATION OF PROTECTED SITES
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. ENDNOTES
  21. Chapter 14: Digital Tools for Urban and Architectural Heritage
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. DIGITAL TOOLS AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS
    4. CULTURAL HERITAGE, URBAN HERITAGE, AND ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
    5. TERRITORIAL, URBAN, AND ARCHITECTURAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. ENDNOTES
  22. Chapter 15: Cities over Space and Time
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. DATA AND METHODOLOGY
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. ENDNOTES
  23. Chapter 16: Communication, Technology, and Digital Culture for the Conservation and Enhancement of the Architectural Heritage
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. 1. FRAGMENTS OF AN EARTHQUAKE
    5. 2. THE IMPORTANCE OF LEARNING A METHOD
    6. 3. WORK IN PROGRESS OF APPLICATIONS FOR COMMUNICATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF CULTURAL HERITAGE
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS: PROGRAMMATIC ISSUES FOR THE DEFINITION OF A VIRTUAL MUSEUM OF THE CITY
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. ENDNOTES
  24. Chapter 17: Digital Reconstruction of Demolished Architectural Masterpieces, 3D Modeling, and Animation
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. MAIN CASE STUDY: DIGITAL RECONSTRUCTION OF THE MOLLINO’S HORSE-RACING, A WORK OF ART BETWEEN SPATIAL RESEARCH AND EMOTIONAL CURIOSITY
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  25. Chapter 18: Female Architecture
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THREE CASE STUDIES
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. ENDNOTES
  26. Chapter 19: The Image of Historic Urban Landscapes
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. METHODOLOGY AND BEST PRACTICES
    5. CONCLUSION AND RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  27. Chapter 20: A New Cloud Library for Integrated Surveys
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE VIA FLAMINIA: A CULTURAL AND PRODUCTIVE DISTRICT TO BE RIGENERATED
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. ENDNOTES
  28. Chapter 21: A Virtual Journey through 2D and 3D Elaborations Recorded with Range-Based and Image-Based Method
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE “PALAZZACCIO” AND THE CARDINAL GIOVANNI MARIA VITELLESCHI
    5. DRAWINGS, ILLUSTRATIONS, AND HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS AS A VALUABLE TESTIMONY OF THE PROCESS OF TRANSFORMATION OF THE PALACE
    6. THE DIGITAL SURVEY OF THE VITELLESCHI PALACE: CRITERIA AND OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES
    7. POST-PROCESSING ELABORATIONS FROM CLOUDS ACQUIRED WITH RANGE-BASED AND IMAGE-BASED METHOD. FROM THE POINT CLOUD TO 3D MODELS; FROM TWO-DIMENSIONAL PROFILES TO THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELING
    8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
    11. ADDITIONAL READING
    12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. ENDNOTES
  29. Chapter 22: Understanding and Conserving Fortified and Difficult to Access Architectures through Digital Survey
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE FORTIFIED SITE OF MONGIALINO IN MINEO
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  30. Chapter 23: 3D Reconstruction for the Interpretation of Partly Lost or Never Accomplished Architectural Heritage
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. 3D RECONSTRUCTION FOR THE INTERPRETATION OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. ENDNOTES
  31. Chapter 24: Using Advanced Approaches in Urban Design Researches
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. FROM 3D PHYSICAL MODELS TO COMPUTER 3D DIGITAL MODELS
    4. Using 3D Digital Models in Urban Design
    5. VIRTUAL REALITY: AN ADVANCED FORM OF COMPUTER 3D MODELING
    6. AUGMENTED REALITY VS. VIRTUAL REALITY; TWO DIFFERENT BUT CLOSE CONCEPTS
    7. CREATING AN ACCEPTABLE STRUCTURE FOR STARTING A VIRTUAL REALITY PROJECT
    8. USING VIRTUAL REALITY MODELING IN URBAN DESIGN PROCESS
    9. EQUIPPING A VIRTUAL LAB: MOST COMMON DEVICES NEEDED FOR EXPERIENCING THE SENSE OF PRESENCE IN VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT
    10. CONCLUSION
    11. REFERENCES
    12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. ENDNOTES
  32. Chapter 25: Integrated Methodologies for the Study and Documentation of the Architectural and Archaeological Heritage
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE TREASURE
    4. THE PROCESS OF LEARNING IS ACCOMPLISHED THROUGH THE DRAWING
    5. THE LASER SCANNER SURVEY AND DATA INTEGRATION
    6. CATALOGING OF MATERIALS FOR DOCUMENTATION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. ENDNOTES
  33. Chapter 26: The Landscape Cultural Construction
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. REPRESENTING LANDSCAPE CULTURAL CONSTRUCTION
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  34. Chapter 27: Digital and Mechatronic Technologies Applied to the Survey of Brownfields
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. HISTORICAL SURVEY
    5. A PROPOSAL FOR A HYBRID ROVER TO USE FOR A COMPLEX SURVEY
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  35. Compilation of References
  36. About the Contributors