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Handbook of Research on Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Historic Structures

Book Description

Rehabilitation of heritage monuments provides sustainable development and cultural significance to a region. The most sensitive aspect of the refurbishment of existing buildings lies in the renovation and recovery of structural integrity and public safety. The Handbook of Research on Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Historic Structures evaluates developing contributions in the field of earthquake engineering with regards to the analysis and treatment of structural damage inflicted by seismic activity. This book is a vital reference source for professionals, researchers, students, and engineers active in the field of earthquake engineering who are interested in the emergent developments and research available in the preservation and rehabilitation of heritage buildings following seismic activity.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. Foreword
  7. Foreword
  8. Foreword
    1. Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Historic Structures
  9. Preface
  10. Chapter 1: Seismic Vulnerability of Historic Centers
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. A METHODOLOGY FOR THE STUDY OF VULNERABILITY AT LARGE SCALE
    4. CONCLUSION
    5. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    6. REFERENCES
    7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Chapter 2: Traditional Timber Frame Walls
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. A BRIEF OVERVIEW
    4. 3. SEISMIC PERFORMANCE OF TRADITIONAL TIMBER FRAME BUILDINGS
    5. 4. EXPERIMENTAL CHARACTERIZATION OF TRADITIONAL TIMBER FRAME WALLS
    6. 5. RETROFITTING OF TIMBER FRAME WALLS
    7. 6. CONCLUDING REMARKS
    8. REFERENCES
  12. Chapter 3: Numerical Investigation and Empirical Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Timber-Framed Masonry Buildings
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. HISTORY OF TIMBER FRAMED MASONRY STRUCTURES
    5. SEISMIC PERFORMANCE OF TIMBER-FRAMED MASONRY STRUCTURES
    6. ANALYTICAL MODELLING STRATEGIES FOR TIMBER-FRAMED MASONRY
    7. EMPIRICAL FRAGILITY CURVES
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  13. Chapter 4: In-Situ Static and Dynamic Testing and Numerical Modelling of the Dome of the Siena Cathedral (Italy)
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. DESCRIPTION OF THE DOME
    4. 3. DAMAGE SURVEY
    5. 4. EXPERIMENTAL SURVEY
    6. 5. STRUCTURAL ANALYSES
    7. 6. CONCLUSION
    8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  14. Chapter 5: Passive Control Techniques and their Applications in Historic Structures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. PASSIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS
    4. APPLICATION OF PASSIVE CONTROL TECHNIQUES IN HISTORIC STRUCTURES
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  15. Chapter 6: Seismic Vulnerability of Historic and Monumental Structures and Centers
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. THE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT BACKROUND OF HISTORIC AND MONUMENTAL BUILDING
    4. 3. STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT OF THE HISTORICAL AND MONUMENTAL BUILDINGS FOR SEISMIC VULNERABILITY AND DECISION MAKING
    5. 4. RISK REDUCING TOOLS, SEISMIC REHABILITATION, AND RETROFIT TECHNIQUES
    6. 5. ONGOING STUDIES AND RESEARCHES FOR DAMAGE PRENVENTION OF HISTORICAL AND MONUMENTAL BUILDINGS
    7. 6. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  16. Chapter 7: Numerical Modeling of Historic Masonry Structures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. STRATEGIES FOR MODELING MASONRY
    4. 3. NUMERICAL MODELING APPROACHES FOR STRUCTURAL MASONRY ANALYSIS: STATE OF THE ART
    5. 4. DISCUSSION ON THE APPROPRIATE MODELING APPROACH
    6. 5. COMMERCIAL SOFTWARE PACKAGES
    7. 6. SUMMARY/CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. APPENDIX: ABBREVIATIONS
  17. Chapter 8: Strengthening of Historic Masonry Structures with Composite Materials
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  18. Chapter 9: Seismic Performance of a Mixed Masonry-Reinforced Concrete Building
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BUILDING DESCRIPTION
    4. TESTS CAMPAIGN
    5. SEISMIC ADEQUACY ASSESSMENT
    6. COMPUTATIONAL MODELING OF THE STRUCTURE
    7. NONLINEAR STATIC ANALYSES
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ADDITIONAL READING SECTION
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  19. Chapter 10: Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Slender Masonry Structures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. PROPOSED SIMPLIFIED METHODOLOGY FOR VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT
    5. CORRELATION BETWEEN GNDT II APPROACH AND MACROSEISMIC METHOD
    6. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE METHODOLOGY
    7. NEPALESE PAGODA TEMPLES: A CASE STUDY
    8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
    11. ADDITIONAL READING
    12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  20. Chapter 11: Seismic Vulnerability of Ancient Colonnade
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF POMPEII
    4. DISCRETE ELEMENT METHOD
    5. DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPUTATIONAL MODEL
    6. RESPONSE TO STATIC LOADING CONDITIONS
    7. NON-LINEAR EQUIVALENT STATIC (PUSH OVER ANALYSIS)
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    10. REFERENCES
    11. ADDITIONAL READING
    12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  21. Chapter 12: Lifecycle Assessment of Structures and Probabilistic Performance Approaches
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. OPTIMAL MAINTENANCE OF INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS
    4. STRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE
    5. STRUCTURAL INSPECTION AND PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
    6. STOCHASTIC PROCESS MODELS
    7. PERFORMANCE PREDICTION
    8. GAMMA PROCESSES
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
  22. Chapter 13: A Case Study for Seismic Assessment and Restoration of Historic Buildings
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. FIELD INVESTIGATIONS
    4. ASSESSMENT OF THE EXISTING CONDITION OF THE BUILDING
    5. THE INTERVENTION STRATEGY
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  23. Chapter 14: Seismic Vulnerability of Arches, Vaults and Domes in Historical Buildings
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. STRUCTURAL BEHAVIOR
    5. VULNERABILITY ISSUES
    6. PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS
    7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
    11. ADDITIONAL READING
    12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  24. Chapter 15: Non-Destructive Testing for Assessing Structural Damage and Interventions Effectiveness for Built Cultural Heritage Protection
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. BACKGROUND
    4. 3. NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING
    5. 4. STRATEGIC PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
    6. 5. CONCLUSION
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  25. Chapter 16: Seismic Retrofitting for Masonry Historical Buildings
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. DESIGNING INTERVENTIONS FOR SEISMIC RETROFITTING
    5. COMMON ERRORS IN SEISMIC RETROFITTING
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  26. Chapter 17: Selected Assessment and Retrofitting Application Techniques for Historical Unreinforced Masonry Buildings
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. LITERATURE REVIEW
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. METHODOLOGY
    6. ASSESSMENT RESULTS
    7. BASIS OF INTERVENTION DESIGN
    8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  27. Chapter 18: A Multi-Level Approach for the Numerical Modelling of Complex Monumental Buildings
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
    6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  28. Chapter 19: Emerging Technologies and Materials for the Seismic Protection of Cultural Heritage
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. USE OF BASE ISOLATION FOR THE SEISMIC PROTECTION OF MUSEUM ARTIFACTS
    4. ENERGY DISSIPATION DEVICES
    5. FIBER REINFORCED POLYMERS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  29. Chapter 20: Seismic Assessment via EC8 of Modern Heritage Structures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. ANALYSIS METHODOLOGIES
    5. INFILLS’ STRUCTURAL CONTRIBUTION
    6. THE TOWER OF THE NATIONS: ASSESSMENT RESULTS
    7. CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVES
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. APPENDIX: LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
  30. Chapter 21: Ancient Materials and Singular Constructions
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. HERITAGE STRATEGIES: THE WISDOM OF ANCIENT ARCHITECTS USING MATERIALS UNDER DYNAMIC LOADING
    3. 2. NUMERICAL STRATEGIES: LOOKING FOR THE MOST SUITABLE CONSTITUTIVE MODEL VIA FEM UNDER SEISMIC LOADING
    4. 3. SWOT ANALYSES AS A WAY OF CONCLUSION
    5. REFERENCES
    6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  31. Chapter 22: Historical Earthquake Damages to Domed Structures in Istanbul
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. MOTIVATION OF THE RESEARCH
    3. 2. CONCLUSION AND LESSONS LEARNED
    4. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    5. REFERENCES
    6. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  32. Chapter 23: Structural Identification and Numerical Models for Slender Historical Structures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CALIBRATION OF FINITE ELEMENT MODELS
    4. MODEL UPDATING: THE TOWER OF THE PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION BUILDING IN BARI, ITALY
    5. ACHIEVEMENTS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  33. Chapter 24: Agrigento Cathedral
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE STUDY OF AGRIGENTO CATHEDRAL
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  34. Chapter 25: Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Masonry Building from Ottoman Period in Bosnia and Herzegovina
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND SEISMIC VULNERABILITY
    4. THE TOWER IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF RELIGIOUS BUILDINGS – SYMBOLIC MEANING
    5. PRELIMINARY ANALAYSIS OF VARIOUS TOWERS/MINARETS
    6. NUMERICAL ANALYSES OF TOWERS AND MINARETS MODELS
    7. INTERVENTIONS ON THE STRUCTURE OF MINARETS AND TOWERS
    8. EXAMPLES OF INTERVENTIONS
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. ENDNOTES
  35. Chapter 26: Laser Scanning for the Evaluation of Historic Structures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. REVERSE ENGINEERING OF HISTORICAL CONSTRUCTIONS USING LASER SCANNING
    5. SUCCESSFUL APPLICATIONS
    6. GENERAL THOUGHTS ABOUT LASER SCANNING IN HISTORICAL CONSTRUCTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  36. Chapter 27: On the Assessment of the Seismic Vulnerability of Ancient Churches
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
    3. METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH
    4. THE SEISMIC ACTION
    5. STRUCTURAL ANALYSES
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  37. Chapter 28: Performance of a Post-Byzantine Triple-Domed Basilica under Near and Far Fault Seismic Loads
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. HISTORICAL INFORMATION AND ARCHITECTURAL PERSPECTIVES
    4. 3. CONDITION ASSESSMENT
    5. 4. SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE STRONG GROUND MOTION IN THE NEAR-FAULT AREA
    6. 5. ANALYSIS
    7. 6. INTERVENTION SCHEME AND PERFORMANCE OF THE STRENGTHENED STRUCTURE
    8. 7. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  38. Compilation of References
  39. About the Contributors