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Handbook of Research on Advancements in Environmental Engineering

Book Description

The protection of clean water, air, and land for the habitation of humans and other organisms has become a pressing concern amid the intensification of industrial activities and the rapidly growing world population. The integration of environmental science with engineering principles has been introduced as a means of long-term sustainable development. The Handbook of Research on Advancements in Environmental Engineering creates awareness of the role engineering plays in protecting and improving the natural environment. Providing the latest empirical research findings, this book is an essential reference source for executives, educators, and other experts who seek to improve their project’s environmental costs.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. List of Reviewers
    1. List of Reviewers
  6. Foreword
  7. Preface
    1. REFERENCES
  8. Acknowledgment
  9. Section 1: Climate Change and Air Pollution Control
    1. Chapter 1: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Petroleum Industry
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EMISSIONS FROM THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY
      5. PETROLEUM INDUSTRY EMISSIONS ESTIMATIONS AND MONITORING
      6. POSSIBLE REDUCTIONS OF THE EMISSIONS FROM THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: Soil Carbon Sequestration
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SOIL AS A TOOL OF CARBON CAPTURE
      4. METHODS FOR ESTIMATION OF SOIL CARBON CONTENT
      5. SOIL CARBON MODELS
      6. SOIL ORGANIC CARBON IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES
      7. ADVANTAGES OF SOC
      8. STUDIES FOR ESTIMATION OF SOIL CARBON STOCKS IN SOME IMPORTANT FORESTS AND EXTREME CONDITIONS OF INDIA
      9. CASE STUDY
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH OPTION
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Photocatalytic Purification of Air
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS AND CLASSIFICATION OF PHOTOCATALYTIC REACTORS FOR AIR PURIFICATION
      4. COMMON DESIGNS OF PHOTOCATALYTIC REACTORS
      5. CONCLUSIVE CONSIDERATIONS AND PRIORITIES OF FUTURE RESEARCH
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Section 2: Water Pollution
    1. Chapter 4: Basin-Scale, Real-Time Salinity Management Using Telemetered Sensor Networks and Model-Based Salt Assimilative Capacity Forecasts
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SALINITY MANAGEMENT IN THE MURRAY DARLING BASIN
      4. SALINITY MANAGEMENT IN THE SAN JOAQUIN BASIN
      5. DATA SHARING TECHNOLOGIES
      6. INSTITUTION BUILDING
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 5: Electrochemical Technologies for Industrial Effluent Treatment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ELECTROCHEMICAL DEGRADATION BY THREE DIMENSIONAL ELECTRODES: PREVAILING APPROACH
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 6: Water Pollution and its Treatment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. TYPES OF WATER POLLUTANTS
      6. TYPES OF WATER POLLUTION
      7. REASONS OF WATER POLLUTION
      8. EFFECTS OF WATER POLLUTION
      9. TREATMENT OF WATER POLLUTION
      10. PHYSICAL METHODS
      11. ADSORPTION ISOTHERMS
      12. CHEMICAL METHODS
      13. BIOLOGICAL METHODS
      14. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      15. CONCLUSION
      16. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      17. REFERENCES
      18. ADDITIONAL READING
      19. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 3: Soil Contamination
    1. Chapter 7: Soil Contamination
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 8: Effects of Soil Contamination on the Selection of Remediation Method
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. POTENTIAL SOIL POLLUTANTS
      4. REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR CONTAMINATED SOILS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 9: A Case Study on Collaborative Modeling of Environmental Decision Processes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. COLLABORATIVE INTERVIEW APPROACH FOR ANALYZING AND MODELING DECISION PROCESS - A CASE STUDY IN CROP PLANNING
      5. CUTA4BPM AND DECISION CARDS FACILITATE THE INTERVIEWS
      6. RESULTS OF THE INTERVIEWS
      7. RESUME OF THE COLLABORATIVE INTERVIEW TECHNIQUE
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  12. Section 4: Recycling and Waste Disposal
    1. Chapter 10: Plastics and Priority during the Recycling
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RECYCLING OF POLYMER MATERIALS
      4. PRIORITY DURING THE RECYCLING
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 11: E-Waste Recycling by Electrostatic Separation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. E-WASTE
      4. ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION
      5. EXPERIMENTAL
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 12: Alternative, Environmentally Acceptable Materials in Road Construction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GENERAL PROPERTIES AND POTENTIAL USES OF ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS
      4. ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS
      5. ENCOURAGING THE USE OF ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 13: Drilling Waste Control
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ENVIRONMENTAL-CONTROL TECHNOLOGY (ECT)
      4. DRILLING MUD DEWATERING
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. APPENDIX
    5. Chapter 14: Deep Geological Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Waste
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WASTE INVENTORY
      4. CLASSIFICATION
      5. NORM AND TENORM
      6. DISPOSAL SOLUTIONS FOR DIFFERENT TYPES OF WASTE
      7. DEEP GEOLOGICAL DISPOSAL FACILITIES
      8. SITING
      9. SAFETY CASE
      10. UNDERGROUND RESEARCH FACILITIES (URFS)
      11. STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT
      12. DEEP BOREHOLE DISPOSAL
      13. RETRIEVABILITY
      14. CONCLUSION
      15. REFERENCES
      16. ADDITIONAL READING
      17. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 15: The Underground Injection of Drilling Waste
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. WASTE MANAGEMENT
      5. UNDERGROUND WASTE INJECTION
      6. WASTE DISPOSAL DESIGN CRITERIA
      7. DISPOSAL FORMATION AND WASTE SLURRY CONTAINMENT
      8. REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS AND WELL INTEGRITY
      9. CUTTINGS INJECTION PROCESS
      10. WASTE INJECTION RISKS
      11. WASTE INJECTION MONITORING
      12. WASTE INJECTION ASSURANCE
      13. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      14. CONCLUSION
      15. REFERENCES
      16. ADDITIONAL READING
      17. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  13. Section 5: Renewable Resources
    1. Chapter 16: Modeling and Simulation of Polymer Solar Cells
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MORPHOLOGY
      4. POLYMER CHAIN ORIENTATION
      5. OPTICAL PROPERTIES
      6. HYBRID SOLAR CELLS
      7. COMPUTER SIMULATIONS
      8. DRIFT-DIFFUSION MODEL
      9. MONTE-CARLO MODEL
      10. STRUCTURE-PROPERTY RELATIONS
      11. MATHEMATICAL MODELS
      12. EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT MODELS
      13. MATHEMATICAL SOLUTION OF DRIFT-DIFFUSION EQUATIONS
      14. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      15. CONCLUSION
      16. REFERENCES
      17. ADDITIONAL READING
      18. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  14. Section 6: Natural Hazard and Risk Management
    1. Chapter 17: Landslides
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LANDSLIDE IDENTIFICATION AND MAPPING
      4. LANDSLIDE INVESTIGATION
      5. LANDSLIDE MONITORING
      6. LANDSLIDE HAZARD AND RISK ASSESSMENT
      7. LANDSLIDE STABILIZATION AND REMEDIATION MEASURES
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 18: Optimization of Tuned Mass Dampers to Improve the Earthquake Resistance of High Buildings
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EARTHQUAKE AND DESIGN FOR EARTHQUAKE LOADING
      4. AN INTRODUCTION TO TUNED MASS DAMPERS
      5. OPTIMIZATION STRATEGIES FOR TMD LAY OUT
      6. DETAILED INTRODUCTION TO SOME BIONIC OPTIMIZATION METHODS
      7. COMPARING THE EFFICIENCY OF BIONIC OPTIMISATION STRATEGIES
      8. A SIMPLIFIED APPROACH TO STUDY TMD IN HIGH BUILDINGS
      9. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  15. Section 7: Environmental Cost Study
    1. Chapter 19: Environmental Cost Studies and Their Application in Environmental Protection Planning for Electricity Production
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: ENVIRONMENTAL COST STUDIES AND THEIR APPLICATION
      4. EXTERNAL COSTS OF ELECTRICITY
      5. REGIONAL ANALYSIS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  16. Compilation of References
  17. About the Contributors