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Handbook of Research on Diverse Applications of Nanotechnology in Biomedicine, Chemistry, and Engineering

Book Description

As a paradigm for the future, micro-scale technology seeks to fuse revolutionary concepts in science and engineering and then translate it into reality. Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary field that aims to connect what is seen with the naked eye and what is unseen on the molecular level. The Handbook of Research on Diverse Applications of Nanotechnology in Biomedicine, Chemistry, and Engineering examines the strengths and future potential of micro-scale technologies in a variety of industries. Highlighting the benefits, shortcomings, and emerging perspectives in the application of nano-scale technologies, this book is a comprehensive reference source for synthetic chemists, engineers, graduate students, and researchers with an interest in the multidisciplinary applications, as well as the ongoing research in the field.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
  5. Dedication
  6. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  7. Preface
    1. NANOTECHNOLOGY: THE SCIENCE OF THE FUTURE
    2. OVERVIEW OF PROSPECTIVE APPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
    3. OBJECTIVE OF CURRENT BOOK
    4. ORGANIZATION OF CURRENT BOOK
  8. Acknowledgment
  9. Section 1: Introduction to Nanotechnology: Technology of the Future
    1. Chapter 1: Diverse Applications of Nanotechnology in Biomedicine, Chemistry, and Engineering
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. HISTORY
      3. SYNTHESIS
      4. APPLICATIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: Intracellular Behavior of Nanoparticles Based on their Physicochemical Properties
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PHYSICOCHEMICAL DEPENDENCE OF CELLULAR UPTAKE AND INTRACELLULAR PATHWAY
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Application of Phage Biotechnology in Nanobiotechnology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND HISTORY OF PHAGE DISPLAY
      3. BIOLOGY OF PHAGE USED IN CONVENTIONAL DISPLAY
      4. NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY CONCEPT
      5. NOVEL RNA PHAGE DISPLAY AND NANOPARTICLES AGGREGATION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Section 2: Nanomedicine/Nanotheranostic: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Tools for Diseases
    1. Chapter 4: Nanotechnology Applications in Biomedical Engineering
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW OF NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
      4. NANOSCALE MATERIALS
      5. NANOTECHNOLOGY PARTICLES
      6. COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
      7. APPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
      8. NANOTECHNOLOGY SAFETY ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS IN THE BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
      9. THE FUTURE OF NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
      10. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      11. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      12. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 5: Nanomedicine
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NANOSTRUCTURES IN MEDICINE
      4. APPLICATIONS OF NANOMEDICINE
      5. TOXICOLOGICAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES IN NANOMEDICINE
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 6: Application of Carbon Nanotubes in Nanomedicine
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PREPARATION OF CNTs FOR USE IN MEDICINE
      4. APPLICATIONS OF CNTs IN MEDICINE
      5. TOXICITY OF CARBON NANOTUBES
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. APPENDIX
    4. Chapter 7: Nanotechnology Applications in Cardiology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NANOTECHNOLOGY AND CARDIOVASCULAR SCIENCE
      4. NANOTECHNOLOGY MATRICES EMPLOYED FOR CARDIOVASCULAR CONSTRUCTS
      5. NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED IMAGING IN CARDIOLOGY
      6. NANOTECHNOLOGY MATERIALS FOR ENHANCED MRI AND ULTRASONOGRAPHY-BASED IMAGING
      7. SPECIFIC MATRICES FOR NANOPARTICLES USED IN CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING
      8. NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR SCAFFOLDING PLATFORMS AND TISSUE RECONSTRUCTION
      9. MATERIALS AND TECHNIQUES USED FOR NANOSCAFFOLD CONSTRUCTION
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS AND CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 8: Nanotechnology for Omics-Based Ocular Drug Delivery
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. OCULAR DISEASE
      3. APPLICATION TO OCULAR DISEASES
      4. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
      5. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 9: Nanomedicine Magic Bullet for Human Cancer
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NANOPARTICLE TECHNOLOGIES
      4. FUTURE PERSPECTIVE ON PASSIVE TARGETING
      5. IMMEDIATE FUTURE OF CANCER NANOMEDICINES
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 10: Nanotechnology for the Management of Respiratory Disease
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. APPLICATION OF NANO-MEDICINE FOR RSV
      5. FUTURE PROSPECTIVES OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 11: Applications of Nanomaterials for Activation and Suppression of Immune Responses
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CLASSES OF NANOMATERIALS
      5. CELLULAR INTERACTIONS OF NANOPARTICLES
      6. IMMUNOSUPPRESSION EFFECTS
      7. FUTURE PROSPECTIVES AND CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. Chapter 12: Vaccine Nanocarriers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE GENESIS OF NANOVACCINOLOGY
      4. NANOPARTICULATE VACCINE ADJUVANTS AND DELIVERY SYSTEMS
      5. IMMUNOGENICITY OF NANOPARTICLES
      6. ON SOLVING HARD PROBLEMS
      7. FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 13: The Detection of Tuberculosis by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Combined with a Lateral Flow Dipstick
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. LABORATORY TB DIAGNOSIS
      5. LATERAL FLOW DIPSTICK (LFD)
      6. BACTERIAL DNA SAMPLES ANALYSIS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 14: Liposome-Encapsulated Antimicrobial Peptides
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LIPOSOMES: DRUG DELIVERY PLATFORM
      4. LIPOSOMES: MODEL CELL MEMBRANE
      5. THERAPEUTIC LIPOSOMES
      6. CELL PENETRATING AND ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDES
      7. PEPTIDE-MEMBRANE INTERACTIONS: COMBINED EFFECTS OF ELECTROSTATICS AND HYDROPHOBICITY
      8. EXPERIMENTAL CHARACTERIZATION OF LIPOSOME-PEPTIDE INTERACTIONS
      9. POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS IN INFECTIOUS DISEASES
      10. CHALLENGES IN THE APPLICATION OF AMPs
      11. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      14. REFERENCES
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 15: Toxicological Effects of Carbon Nanotubes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EMERGING ISSUES AND CONTROVERSIES
      5. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 3: Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
    1. Chapter 16: Preclinical Challenges and Clinical Target of Nanomaterials in Regenerative Medicine
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CURRENT NEED OF NANOMATERIALS FOR STEM CELL ENGINEERING
      4. NANOMATERIALS FOR IN VITRO STEM CELL EXPANSION AND DIFFERENTIATION
      5. GENERATION OF IPS CELLS USING NANOMATERIALS
      6. NANOMATERIALS FOR CONTROLLED DRUG RELEASE
      7. NANOMATERIALS FOR STEM CELL IMAGING
      8. NANOMATERIALS FOR STEM CELL DELIVERY
      9. CLINICAL TARGET OF NANOMATERIALS
      10. NANOMATERIALS FOR STEM CELL HARVESTING
      11. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      15. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 17: Nanotechnology and Its Use in Tissue Engineering
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHAT ARE ‘SCAFFOLDS’ FOR TISSUE ENGINEERING AND HOW DO WE FABRICATE THEM
      4. DELIVERY OF NUTRIENT FOR TISSUE GROWTH
      5. CURRENT NANOSTRUCTURES FOR BIONANOCOMPOSITES
      6. BIODEGRADABILITY AND HEALTH IMPLICATION OF NANOPARTICLES
      7. APPLICATION OF TISSUE ENGINEERING
      8. STEM CELL-SCAFFOLDS INTERACTION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. APPENDIX
    3. Chapter 18: Role of Resveratrol (RES) in Regenerative Medicine
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. (RES) RESTORES GROWTH OF CARDIAC STEM PROGENITOR CELLS (CSPC)
      4. RES INCREASES MATRIX MINERALIZATION OF ADIPOSE STEM CELLS (ADSC)
      5. RES EXHIBITS CYTOPROTECTIVE PROPERTIES OF LIVER CELLS
      6. RES REVERSES THE PROGRESSION OF AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION (AMD)
      7. RES ADMINISTRATION PREVENTS CELLULAR SENESCENCE
      8. RES INCREASES MYELINATION OF NERVE CELLS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  12. Section 4: Practical Applications of Nanotechnology: Nanosensor, Environmental Remediation, and Forensic Science
    1. Chapter 19: Layer-by-Layer Technology and Its Implications in the Field of Glucose Nanobiosensors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. VERSATILITY OF LBL ASSEMBLY TECHNIQUE
      4. GLUCOSE AND DIABETES
      5. MINIMALLY INVASIVE GLUCOSE BIOSENSORS
      6. NON-INVASIVE GLUCOSE BIOSENSORS
      7. LBL ASSEMBLY TECHNIQUES FOR IMPLANTABLE GLUCOSE BIOSENSORS
      8. REVIEW ON LBL FILMS AND TECHNOLOGY USED FOR GLUCOSE BIOSENSORS
      9. CURRENT ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 20: Fabrication of Metal@SnO2 Core-Shell Nanocomposites for Gas Sensing Applications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 21: Implications of Nanotechnology into Next Generation Biofuel Industry
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FUNDAMENTALS OF MAJOR BIOFUEL RESOURCES
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 22: Electrophoretical Deposition of Nanotube TiO2 Conglomerates Detached During Ti Anodizing Used for Decomposing Methyl Orange in Water
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 23: Organobentonites with Crystalline Layer Separation Used for Adsorption in Water Treatment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SURFACTANTS
      5. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. RESULTS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 24: Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles for Environmental Remediation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SOURCES OF HEAVY METALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT
      4. TOXICITY TO HUMAN HEALTH AND ON ECOSYSTEMS
      5. MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES
      6. SYNTHESIS OF MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES
      7. MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT
      8. MODELING OF ADSORPTION: KINETIC AND ISOTHERM MODELS
      9. THERMODYNAMIC ANALYSES
      10. RECOVERY OF METALS AND REGENERATION OF MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES
      11. MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES IN THE ENVIRONMENT
      12. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
      13. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      14. REFERENCES
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 25: Nanotechnology and Its Applications in Forensic and Criminal Cases
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NANO-ANALYSIS AND ITS USE IN FORENSIC SCIENCE
      4. APPLICATION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN FORENSIC SCIENCE
      5. NANOTOXICOLOGY
      6. FUTURE OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN FORENSIC MEDICINE
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  13. Section 5: Mathematical Modeling and System Biology
    1. Chapter 26: Nanotechnology-Based Studies in Systems Biology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NANOTECHNOLOGY BASED STUDIES IN SYSTEMS BIOLOGY
      4. FUTURE WORK
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 27: Mathematical Background for Nanotechnology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: FLUID MECHANICS
      4. BACKGROUND: QUANTUM THEORY OF PHOTONS
      5. BACKGROUND: QUANTUM MECHANICS OF ELECTRONS
      6. BACKGROUND: MOLECULAR DYNAMICS
      7. AUTOMATON THEORY
      8. BACKGROUND: MICROFLUIDICS
      9. BACKGROUND: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE AND SYMMETRY
      10. QUANTUM COMPUTATION
      11. P,NP, PSPACE, BPP, BQP
      12. SUMMARY OF ISSUES, PROBLEMS AND RESOLUTIONS
      13. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      14. CONCLUSION
      15. REFERENCES
      16. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  14. Section 6: Nano-Science and Engineering
    1. Chapter 28: Nanocomposite for Surface Coating
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CLASSIFICATION OF NANOCOMPOSITES
      4. MATRIX BASED NANOCOMPOSITES
      5. FABRICATION
      6. APPLICATIONS OF NANOCOMPOSITES
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 29: Applications of Nanotechnology in Cement and Concrete Science
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NANO-MODIFICATION OF CONCRETE
      4. SUPERHYDROPHOBIC CONCRETE
      5. USE OF NANO PARTICLES AND NANO REINFORCEMENT IN CONCRETE
      6. NANOSCIENCE MODELLING OF CONCRETE
      7. NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED DEVICES IN CONCRETE
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINTIONS
    3. Chapter 30: Multifunctional Polymer/Nano-TiO2 Photochromic Hybrid Coatings as a Barrier for Protection against Corrosion
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  15. Compilation of References
  16. About the Contributors