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Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communication, 4th Edition

Book Description

The 4th edition of this popular Handbook continues to provide an easy-to-use guide to the many exciting new developments in the field of optical fiber data communications. With 90% new content, this edition contains all new material describing the transformation of the modern data communications network, both within the data center and over extended distances between data centers, along with best practices for the design of highly virtualized, converged, energy efficient, secure, and flattened network infrastructures.

Key topics include networks for cloud computing, software defined networking, integrated and embedded networking appliances, and low latency networks for financial trading or other time-sensitive applications. Network architectures from the leading vendors are outlined (including Smart Analytic Solutions, Qfabric, FabricPath, and Exadata) as well as the latest revisions to industry standards for interoperable networks, including lossless Ethernet, 16G Fiber Channel, RoCE, FCoE, TRILL, IEEE 802.1Qbg, and more.



  • Written by experts from IBM, HP, Dell, Cisco, Ciena, and Sun/ Oracle
  • Case studies and ‘How to...’ demonstrations on a wide range of topics, including Optical Ethernet, next generation Internet, RDMA and Fiber Channel over Ethernet
  • Quick reference tables of all the key optical network parameters for protocols like ESCON, FICON, and SONET/ATM and a glossary of technical terms and acronyms

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface to the Fourth Edition
  6. A Historical View of Fiber Data Communications
  7. Part I: Technology Building Blocks
    1. Chapter 1. Transforming the Data Center Network
      1. 1.1 Properties of a network reference architecture
      2. 1.2 Next-generation data center networks
      3. References
    2. Chapter 2. Transceivers, Packaging, and Photonic Integration
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 Transceivers
      3. 2.3 System-level integration
      4. 2.4 Future trends in electro-optical packaging
      5. References
    3. Chapter 3. Plastic Optical Fibers for Data Communications
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 A POF taxonomy
      3. 3.3 PMMA-SI-POF
      4. 3.4 PF-GI-POF
      5. References
    4. Chapter 4. Optical Link Budgets
      1. 4.1 Fundamentals of fiber optic communication links
      2. 4.2 Basic link budget analysis for network designers
      3. 4.3 Figures of merit
      4. 4.4 Advanced link budget analysis: Optical power penalties
      5. 4.5 Link budgets with optical amplification
      6. References
      7. Additional references
      8. Optical link budget models and specifications available online
      9. References on Reflection Noise
    5. Case Study. Deploying Systems Network Architecture (SNA) in IP-Based Environments: The Mainframe Network as a TCP/IP Server
      1. Introduction
      2. Overview
      3. Factors contributing to the continued use of SNA
      4. How do we modernize SNA to SNA over IP?
      5. SNA over IP networks
      6. Solutions
      7. Conclusion
    6. Chapter 5. Optical Wavelength-Division Multiplexing for Data Communication Networks
      1. 5.1 Basics of wavelength-division multiplexing
      2. 5.2 WDM systems and networks
      3. 5.3 Optical transport network
      4. References
    7. Case Study. A More Reliable, Easier to Manage TS7700 Grid Network
      1. Introduction
      2. TS7700 grid network
      3. High availability
      4. The XYZ Company’s TS7700 integrated grid
      5. Summary
    8. Chapter 6. Passive Optical Networks (PONs)
      1. 6.1 Passive optical networks
      2. 6.2 Relevant PON variants and standards
      3. 6.3 PON deployment references
      4. References
  8. Part II: Protocols and Industry Standards
    1. Chapter 7. Manufacturing Environmental Laws, Directives, and Challenges
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Worldwide environmental directives, laws, and regulations
      3. 7.3 Restriction of hazardous substances
      4. References
    2. Case Study. Energy Efficient Networking for Data Centers
    3. Chapter 8. Fibre Channel Standard
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Fibre Channel overview and basic structure
      3. 8.3 Storage area networks
      4. 8.4 How Fibre Channel leverages optical data communications
      5. 8.5 Summary
      6. Web resources and references
    4. Chapter 9. Lossless Ethernet for the Data Center
      1. 9.1 Introduction to classic Ethernet
      2. 9.2 Ethernet physical layer
      3. 9.3 Gigabit Ethernet
      4. 9.4 Lossless Ethernet
      5. References
    5. Case Study. FCoE Delivers a Single Network for Simplicity and Convergence
    6. Chapter 10. Metro and Carrier Class Networks: Carrier Ethernet and OTN
      1. 10.1 Evolution: The roots of modern networks
      2. 10.2 Ethernet virtual LANs
      3. 10.3 Network evolution using carrier class Ethernet and OTN
      4. 10.4 Carrier Ethernet: Standardized services, scalable, reliable, quality of service, and service management
      5. 10.5 Optical transport networking: A transparent optical protocol
      6. 10.6 The packet-optical network
      7. Resources
    7. Chapter 11. InfiniBand, iWARP, and RoCE
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 InfiniBand architecture
      3. 11.3 IB network
      4. 11.4 Communication mechanisms
      5. 11.5 Layered architecture
      6. 11.6 RDMA over converged Ethernet (RoCE)
      7. 11.7 8 iWARP
      8. References
  9. Part III: Network Architectures and Applications
    1. Chapter 12. Disaster Recovery and Data Networking
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 Data consistency: The BASE-ACID model
      3. 12.3 Examples of BASE-ACID methodology
      4. 12.4 IBM Parallel Sysplex and GDPS
      5. 12.5 Time synchronization in disaster recovery solutions
      6. 12.6 Cloud backup and recovery
      7. 12.7 Container data centers
      8. References
    2. Case Study. Using Business Process Modeling Notation and Agile Test-Driven Design Methodology for Business Continuity Planning
    3. Chapter 13. Network Architectures and Overlay Networks
      1. 13.1 STP and MC-LAG
      2. 13.2 Layer 3 versus Layer 2 designs for cloud computing
      3. 13.3 The Open Data Center Interoperable Network
      4. 13.4 Cisco FabricPath
      5. 13.5 Juniper Qfabric
      6. 13.6 Virtual network overlays
      7. Acknowledgments
      8. References
    4. Chapter 14. Networking for Integrated Systems
      1. 14.1 IBM PureSystems
      2. 14.2 Cisco Virtual Computing Environment and Unified Computing System Solutions
      3. 14.3 Sun/Oracle Exalogic
      4. 14.4 Hewlett-Packard Matrix
      5. 14.5 Hitachi Data Systems Unified Compute Platform
      6. 14.6 Huawei FusionCube
      7. References
    5. Case Study. The Network That Won Jeopardy!—Watson Supercomputing
    6. Case Study. NYSE Euronext Data Center Consolidation Project
      1. Goal
      2. Design considerations
      3. Design
      4. Result
    7. Chapter 15. Cloud Computing Data Center Networking
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 Cloud characteristics
      3. 15.3 Cloud facilities
      4. 15.4 Cloud architecture
      5. 15.5 Cloud computing data center network trends
      6. 15.6 Conclusion
      7. Acknowledgments
      8. References
    8. Chapter 16. Hypervisors, Virtualization, and Networking
      1. 16.1 Virtualization
      2. 16.2 PowerVM
      3. 16.3 VMware
      4. 16.4 Xen
      5. 16.5 Kernel-based virtual machine
      6. 16.6 z/VM
      7. 16.7 Virtual switches
      8. References
    9. Case Study. Open Standards for Cloud Networking
    10. Chapter 17. Software-Defined Networking and OpenFlow
      1. 17.1 Introduction
      2. 17.2 SDN architecture I: Overview
      3. 17.3 SDN architecture II: Data plane
      4. 17.4 SDN architecture III: Control plane
      5. 17.5 Example application: WAN TE
      6. 17.6 SDN in optical networks
      7. 17.7 Conclusion
      8. References
    11. Chapter 18. Emerging Technology for Fiber Optic Data Communication
      1. 18.1 Introduction
      2. 18.2 Architecture of all-optical networks
      3. 18.3 Tunable transmitter
      4. 18.4 Tunable receiver
      5. 18.5 Optical amplifier
      6. 18.6 Wavelength multiplexer/demultiplexer
      7. 18.7 Wavelength router
      8. 18.8 Wavelength converter
      9. 18.9 Summary
      10. References
  10. Appendix A. Measurement Conversion Tables
  11. Appendix B. Physical Constants
  12. Appendix C. The 7-Layer OSI Model
  13. Appendix D. Network Standards and Data Rates
    1. Organization of major industry standards
    2. SONET/SDH
    3. Ethernet
    4. 10G Ethernet WAN PHY
    5. Ethernet First Mile standards
  14. Appendix E. Fiber Optic Fundamentals and Laser Safety
    1. References
  15. Index