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Handbook of Energy by Christopher G. Morris, Cutler J. Cleveland

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Section 32

Agriculture

The subject area Agriculture describes milestones in the use of energy for the purpose of farming. This includes tools and devices (e.g., improvements in plows and windmills), machinery (e.g., the mechanical reaper, commercial tractors), and techniques and theories (e.g., greenhouse technology, the use of barbed wire, the concept of agricultural energetics).

The section also includes advances that have served to make agriculture less energy-intensive, such as ammonia-based fertilizers and chemical pesticides. Also appearing here are influential government bodies and other organizations, for efforts such as irrigation projects, crop research, improved productivity, and biofuel production. In addition, the section includes ...

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