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Handbook of Biofuels Production, 2nd Edition by James Clark, Karen Wilson, Carol Ki Lin, Rafael Luque

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18

Production of biofuels via Fischer–Tropsch synthesis

Biomass-to-liquids

A. Lappas1,  and E. Heracleous1,2     1Centre for Research and Technology Hellas, Thessaloniki, Greece     2International Hellenic University, Thessaloniki, Greece

Abstract

The production of synthetic fuels from biomass via Fischer–Tropsch (FT), otherwise known as the biomass-to-liquids (BTL) process, constitutes one of the most promising routes for tomorrow's fuels. In this chapter, basic topics, as well as current advances in the production of FT biofuels, are discussed. Starting with a short discussion on biomass gasification and syngas conditioning, the main types of FT reactors and catalysts, along with the different technologies for upgrading FT liquids to premium fuels ...

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