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Handbook of Biofuels Production, 2nd Edition by James Clark, Karen Wilson, Carol Ki Lin, Rafael Luque

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8.2. Oleaginous yeasts and raw materials used for microbial oil production

There are many microalgae, yeasts (eg, Candida, Cryptococcus, Lipomyces, Rhodotorula, Rhodosporidium, Trichosporon), fungi (eg, Mortierella, Cunninghamella), and bacteria (eg, Rhodococcus, Mycobacterium) that can accumulate intracellularly high amounts of SCO that has similar fatty acid composition to vegetable oils (Meng et al., 2009; Papanikolaou and Aggelis, 2011). Microorganisms can be characterized as oleaginous in the case that they can accumulate SCO to more than 20% of their total cellular dry weight (Ratledge, 1991). SCO could be used either for value-added applications (eg, food additives) or commodity uses (eg, biodiesel production). The first attempts to use ...

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