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Guided Wave Optical Components and Devices

Book Description

The book provides a comprehensive, lucid, and clear introduction to the world of guided wave optical components and devices. Bishnu Pal has collaborated with some of the greatest minds in optics to create a truly inclusive treatise on this contemporary topic. Written by leaders in the field, this book delivers cutting-edge research and essential information for professionals, researchers, and students on emerging topics like microstructured fibers, broadband fibers, polymer fiber components and waveguides, acousto-optic interactions in fibers, higher order mode fibers, nonlinear and parametric process in fibers, revolutionary effects of erbium doped and Raman fiber amplifiers in DWDM and CATV networks, all-fiber network branching component technology platforms like fused fiber couplers, fiber gratings, and side-polished fiber half-couplers, arrayed waveguides, optical MEMS, fiber sensing technologies including safety, civil structural health monitoring, and gyroscope applications.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Preface
  7. Contributors
  8. Chapter 1: Optical Fibers for Broadband Lightwave Communication: Evolutionary Trends in Designs
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 OPTICAL TRANSPARENCY
    3. 3 EMERGENCE OF FIBER AMPLIFIERS AND DWDM SYSTEMS
    4. 4 FIBERS FOR METRO NETWORKS
    5. 5 COARSE WAVELENGTH DIVISION MULTIPLEXING
    6. 6 COMBATING PMD IN A FIBER
    7. 7 CONCLUSION
    8. 8 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  9. Chapter 2: Recent Development of a Polymer Optical Fiber and its Applications
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 TYPES OF POFs
    3. 3 MANUFACTURE OF POFS
    4. 4 COMPARISON BETWEEN SILICA FIBER AND POLYMER FIBER
    5. 5 APPLICATIONS OF POFs
    6. 6 POLYMER FIBER GRATINGS
    7. 7 SEGMENTED CLADDING POF
    8. 8 DYE-DOPED POLYMER FIBER AMPLIFIER
    9. 9 CONCLUSIONS
  10. Chapter 3: Microstructured Optical Fibers
    1. 1 FIBERS WITH MICRON-SCALE STRUCTURE
    2. 2 OVERVIEW OF OPTICAL PROPERTIES
    3. 3 FABRICATION APPROACHES
    4. 4 FIBER DESIGN METHODOLOGIES
    5. 5 SILICA HFS
    6. 6 SOFT GLASS FIBERS
    7. 7 PBGFs
    8. 8 CONCLUSION AND THE FUTURE
    9. 9 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  11. Chapter 4: Photonic Bandgap–Guided Bragg Fibers
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 BRAGG FIBERS
    3. 3 DISPERSION COMPENSATING BRAGG FIBER
    4. 4 BRAGG FIBERS FOR METRO NETWORKS
    5. 5 FABRICATION
    6. 6 CONCLUSION
  12. Chapter 5: Radial Effective Index Method for the Analysis of Microstructured Fibers
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 THE REIM
    3. 3 SEGMENTED CLADDING FIBER
    4. 4 HOLEY FIBER
    5. 5 CONCLUSION
    6. 6 ACKNOWLEDGMENT
  13. Chapter 6: Some Important Nonlinear Effects in Optical Fibers
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 NONLINEAR POLARIZATION
    3. 3 THIRD-ORDER NONLINEAR EFFECTS
    4. 4 CONCLUSIONS
  14. Chapter 7: Fiber Optic Parametric Amplifiers for Lightwave Systems
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 THEORY OF FWM
    3. 3 SINGLE-PUMP PARAMETRIC AMPLIFIERS
    4. 4 DUAL PUMP PARAMETRIC AMPLIFIERS
    5. 5 FLUCTUATIONS OF ZDWL
    6. 6 EFFECT OF RESIDUAL FIBER BIREFRINGENCE
    7. 7 SUMMARY
    8. 8 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  15. Chapter 8: Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 EDFA
    3. 3 POPULATION INVERSION AND OPTICAL AMPLIFICATION
    4. 4 OPTICAL AMPLIFICATION IN EDFAs
    5. 5 GAIN FLATTENING OF EDFAs
    6. 6 NOISE IN AMPLIFIERS
    7. 7 EDFAs FOR THE S-BAND
    8. 8 CONCLUSIONS
    9. 9 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  16. Chapter 9: Fiber Optic Raman Amplifiers
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS
    3. 3 MODERN RAMAN AMPLIFIERS
    4. 4 PERFORMANCE LIMITING FACTORS
    5. 5 AMPLIFICATION OF OPTICAL PULSES
  17. Chapter 10: Application of Numerical Analysis Techniques for the Optimization of Wideband Amplifier Performances
    1. 1 FOREWORD
    2. 2 POWER EFFICIENCY: L-BAND EDFA
    3. 3 GAIN ENGINEERING: RAMAN AMPLIFIER
    4. 4 TRANSIENT THULIUM-DOPED FIBER AMPLIFIER
    5. 5 CONCLUSION
  18. Chapter 11: Analog/Digital Transmission with High-Power Fiber Amplifiers
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 EXPERIMENT
    3. 3 RESULTS
  19. Chapter 12: Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers for Dynamic Optical Networks
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 EDFAs FOR HIGH CAPACITY NETWORKS
    3. 3 EDFAs FOR DYNAMIC NETWORKS
    4. 4 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  20. Chapter 13: Fused Fiber Couplers: Fabrication, Modeling, and Applications
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 FABRICATION
    3. 3 MODELING
    4. 4 APPLICATIONS: FFC-BASED ALL-FIBER COMPONENTS
    5. 5 SUMMARY
    6. 6 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  21. Chapter 14: Side-Polished Evanescently Coupled Optical Fiber Overlay Devices: A Review
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
    3. 3 DEVICES
    4. 4 APPLICATIONS
    5. 5 CONCLUSIONS
  22. Chapter 15: Optical Fiber Gratings
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 FIBER BRAGG GRATINGS
    3. 3 SOME APPLICATIONS OF FBGS
    4. 4 LONG PERIOD GRATINGS
    5. 5 SOME APPLICATIONS OF LPGs
    6. 6 CONCLUSIONS
  23. Chapter 16: Enhancing Photosensitivity in Optical Fibers
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 UV SENSITIZATION OF FIBERS
    3. 3 DILUTE H2 SENSITIZATION OF FIBERS
    4. 4 CONCLUSION
    5. 5 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  24. Chapter 17: Solitons in a Fiber Bragg Grating
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 LINEAR EFFECTS
    3. 3 NONLINEAR EFFECTS
    4. 4 OPTICAL SOLITONS IN PURE SILICA FIBER
    5. 5 FUNDAMENTALS OF FBG
    6. 6 SOLITONS IN FBG
    7. 7 MAP SOLITONS
    8. 8 BLOCH WAVE ANALYSIS
    9. 9 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    10. 10 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  25. Chapter 18: Advances in Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing/Demultiplexing Technologies
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 KEY PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
    3. 3 OPTICAL INTERLEAVERS
    4. 4 DISCUSSION
    5. 5 CONCLUSION
  26. Chapter 19: Dispersion-Tailored Higher Order Mode Fibers for In-Fiber Photonic Devices
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 DISPERSIVE PROPERTIES OF FEW-MODE FIBERS
    3. 3 MODE CONVERSION WITH LPGs: DEVICE PRINCIPLES
    4. 4 LPGs IN DISPERSION-TAILORED FEW-MODE FIBERS
    5. 5 STATIC DEVICES USING TAP-LPGs
    6. 6 TUNABLE LPGs IN HOM FIBERS
    7. 7 TUNABLE TAP-LPG DEVICES
    8. 8 CONCLUSION
    9. 9 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  27. Chapter 20: Acousto-Optic Interaction in Few-Mode Optical Fibers
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 OPTICAL PROPERTIES
    3. 3 ACOUSTIC PROPERTIES
    4. 4 ACOUSTO-OPTIC INTERACTION
    5. 5 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
    6. 6 INDUSTRIALIZATION
    7. 7 CONCLUSIONS
    8. 8 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  28. Chapter 21: Basic Theory and Design Procedures for Arrayed Waveguide Structures
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 ARRAYED WAVEGUIDE LENS
    3. 3 THE STAR COUPLER
    4. 4 WAVEGUIDE GRATING ROUTER
    5. 5 MUTUAL COUPLING-INDUCED ABERRATIONS
    6. 6 EXAMPLE DESIGN: DEMULTIPLEXER
    7. 7 EXAMPLE DESIGN: BAND DEMULTIPLEXER
    8. 8 CONCLUSION
    9. 9 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  29. Chapter 22: Photobleached Gratings in Electro-Optic Waveguide Polymers
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 INTEGRATED OPTICS IN EO POLYMERS
    3. 3 PHOTOBLEACHING DYE-DOPED POLYMERS
    4. 4 DIFFRACTION GRATINGS IN DYE-DOPED WAVEGUIDE POLYMERS
    5. 5 CONCLUSION
  30. Chapter 23: Optical MEMS Using Commercial Foundries
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 OPTICAL CHOPPERS FOR FIBER OPTIC APPLICATIONS
    3. 3 THREE-DIMENSIONAL VARIABLE OPTICAL ATTENUATOR
    4. 4 HYBRID TUNABLE FILTER
    5. 5 CONCLUSIONS
    6. 6 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  31. Chapter 24: Principles of Fiber Optic Sensors
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 FIBER OPTIC SENSORS: THE BASIC PRINCIPLE
    3. 3 FIBER OPTICS IN PHYSICAL SENSING
    4. 4 CHEMICAL SENSORS
    5. 5 CHEMICAL SENSORS: SOME APPLICATION CASE STUDIES
    6. 6 CONCLUSIONS
  32. Chapter 25: Structural Strain and Temperature Measurements Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 STRAIN MEASUREMENT IN A COMPOSITE-STRENGTHENED CONCRETE BAR
    3. 3 DYNAMIC STRAIN MEASUREMENT OF A COMPOSITE SAMPLE USING AN EMBEDDED FBG SENSOR
    4. 4 TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT ON A HEATED CYLINDER IN A CROSS-FLOW
    5. 5 MULTI-POINT STRAIN MEASUREMENT OF K0WL00N CANTON RAILWAY TRAIN BODY SHELL
    6. 6 SUMMARY
    7. 7 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  33. Chapter 26: Principles and Status of Actively Researched Optical Fiber Sensors
    1. 1 INTRODUCTION
    2. 2 FIBER GRATING SENSORS
    3. 3 FIBER OPTIC GYROSCOPES
    4. 4 FIBER OPTIC CURRENT SENSORS
    5. 5 OTHER SENSORS
    6. 6 CONCLUSION
  34. Author Biography
  35. Index