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Guide to Mitigating Spacecraft Charging Effects

Book Description

The definitive guide to the modern body of spacecraft charging knowledge—from first principles for the beginner to intermediate and advanced concepts

The only book to blend the theoretical and practical aspects of spacecraft charging, Guide to Mitigating Spacecraft Charging Effects defines the environment that not only creates the aurora, but which also can have significant effects on spacecraft, such as disruption of science measurements and solar arrays from electrostatic discharge (ESD). It describes in detail the physics of the interaction phenomenon as well as how to construct spacecraft to enhance their survivability in the harsh environment of space.

Combining the authors' extensive experience in spacecraft charging—and in their provision of design support to NASA, JPL, the commercial satellite market, and numerous other projects—this incredible book offers both a robust physics background and practical advice for neophytes in the field and experienced plasma physicists and spacecraft engineers.

In addition to containing numerous equations, graphs, tables, references, and illustrations, Guide to Mitigating Spacecraft Charging Effects covers:

  • Solar cell technology, especially higher voltage arrays, and the new design approaches that are appropriate for them

  • Information about the space plasma environment

  • New analytic computer codes to analyze spacecraft charging

  • Spacecraft anomalies and failures which emphasized designs that are of greater importance than others

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Series Page
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright
  5. Note from the Series Editor
  6. Foreword
  7. Chapter 1: Introduction
    1. References
  8. Chapter 2: Introduction to the Physics of Charging and Discharging
    1. 2.1 Physical Concepts
    2. 2.2 Electron Environment
    3. 2.3 Modeling Spacecraft Charging
    4. 2.4 Discharge Characteristics
    5. 2.5 Coupling Models
    6. References
  9. Chapter 3: Spacecraft Design Guidelines
    1. 3.1 Processes
    2. 3.2 Design Guidelines
    3. References
  10. Chapter 4: Spacecraft Test Techniques
    1. 4.1 Test Philosophy
    2. 4.2 Simulation of Parameters
    3. 4.3 General Test Methods
    4. References
  11. Chapter 5: Control and Monitoring Techniques
    1. 5.1 Active Spacecraft Charge Control
    2. 5.2 Environmental and Event Monitors
    3. References
  12. Chapter 6: Material Notes and Tables
    1. 6.1 Dielectric Material List
    2. 6.2 Conductor Material List
    3. References
  13. Appendix A: Nomenclature
    1. A.1 Constants and Measurement Units
    2. A.2 Acronyms and Abbreviations
    3. A.3 Defined Terms
    4. A.4 Variables
    5. A.5 Symbols
  14. Appendix B: The Space Environment
    1. B.1 Introduction to Space Environments
    2. B.2 Geosynchronous Environments
    3. B.3 Other Earth Environments
    4. B.4 Other Space Environments
    5. References
  15. Appendix C: Environment, Electron Transport, and Spacecraft Charging Computer Codes
    1. C.1 Environment Codes
    2. C.2 Transport Codes
    3. C.3 Charging Codes
    4. References
  16. Appendix D: Internal Charging Analyses
    1. D.1 The Physics of Dielectric Charging
    2. D.2 Simple Internal Charging Analysis
    3. D.3 Detailed Analysis
    4. D.4 Spacecraft Level Analysis
    5. References
  17. Appendix E: Test Methods
    1. E.1 Electron-Beam Tests
    2. E.2 Dielectric Strength/Breakdown Voltage
    3. E.3 Resistivity–Conductivity Determination
    4. E.4 Simple Volume Resistivity Measurement
    5. E.5 Electron-Beam Resistivity Test Method
    6. E.6 NonContacting Voltmeter Resistivity Test Method
    7. E.7 Dielectric Constant, Time Constant
    8. E.8 Vzap Test [MIL-STD-883G, Method 3015.7 Human Body Model (HBM)]
    9. E.9 Transient Susceptibility Tests
    10. E.10 Component/Assembly Testing
    11. E.11 Surface Charging ESD Test Environments
    12. E.12 System Internal ESD Testing
    13. References
  18. Appendix F: Voyager SEMCAP Analysis
    1. References
  19. Appendix G: Simple Approximations: Spacecraft Surface Charging Equations
    1. References
  20. Appendix H: Derivation of Rule Limiting Open-Circuit Board Area
    1. Reference
  21. Appendix I: Expanded Worst-Case Geosynchronous Earth Environments Descriptions
    1. References
  22. Appendix J: Key Spacecraft Charging Documents
    1. J.1 U.S. Government Documents
    2. J.2 Non-U.S. Government Documents
  23. Color Plates
  24. Index