You are previewing Green Communications: Principles, Concepts and Practice.
O'Reilly logo
Green Communications: Principles, Concepts and Practice

Book Description

This book provides a comprehensive view of green communications considering all areas of ICT including wireless and wired networks. It analyses particular concepts and practices, addressing holistic approaches in future networks considering a system perspective. It makes full use of tables, illustrations, performance graphs, case studies and examples making it accessible for a wide audience.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. List of Contributors
  5. Preface
  6. List of Abbreviations
  7. Chapter 1: Introduction
    1. 1.1 Origins of Green Communications
    2. 1.2 Energy Efficiency in Telecommunication Systems: Then and Now
    3. 1.3 Telecommunication System Model and Energy Efficiency
    4. 1.4 Energy Saving Concepts
    5. 1.5 Quantifying Energy Efficiency in ICT
    6. 1.6 Conclusions
    7. References
  8. Chapter 2: Green Communication Concepts, Energy Metrics and Throughput Efficiency for Wireless Systems
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Broadband Access Evolution
    3. 2.3 Cell Site Power Consumption Modeling
    4. 2.4 Power and Energy Metrics
    5. 2.5 Energy and Throughput Efficiency in LTE Radio Access Networks
    6. 2.6 Conclusions
    7. References
  9. Chapter 3: Energy-Efficiency Metrics and Performance Trade-Offs of GREEN Wireless Networks
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 Energy-Efficiency Metrics
    3. 3.3 Performance Trade-Offs
    4. 3.4 Conclusion
    5. Acknowledgments
    6. References
  10. Chapter 4: Embodied Energy of Communication Devices: Modeling Embodied Energy for Communication Devices
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 The Extended Energy Model
    3. 4.3 Embodied/Operating Energy of a BS in Cellular Network – A Case Study
    4. 4.4 The Cell Number/Coverage Trade-Off
    5. 4.5 Discussion and Future Challenges
    6. Acknowledgments
    7. References
  11. Chapter 5: Energy-Efficient Base Stations
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 BS Architecture
    3. 5.3 Base Station Energy Consumption
    4. 5.4 Evolutions Towards Green Base Stations
    5. References
  12. Chapter 6: Energy-Efficient Mobile Network Design and Planning
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Deployment: Optimization of Cell Size
    3. 6.3 Network Design and Planning for Urban Areas
    4. 6.4 Network Design and Planning for Rural Areas
    5. 6.5 Conclusions and Future Works
    6. References
  13. Chapter 7: Green Radio
    1. 7.1 Energy-Efficient Design for Single-User Communications
    2. 7.2 Energy-Efficient Design for Multiuser Communications
    3. 7.3 Summary and Future Work
    4. References
    5. Single-user References
    6. Multiuser MIMO References
    7. OFDMA References
    8. Cognitive radio References
    9. Relay References
  14. Chapter 8: Energy-Efficient Operation and Management for Mobile Networks
    1. 8.1 Principles
    2. 8.2 Architectures
    3. 8.3 Implementation Examples
    4. 8.4 Derivation of Area Blocking Probability
    5. References
  15. Chapter 9: Green Home and Enterprise Networks
    1. 9.1 Home and Enterprise Networks Today
    2. 9.2 Home and Enterprise Networks in the Context of Green Wireless Networking
    3. 9.3 Possible Savings in the Current Home and Enterprise Network Landscape
    4. 9.4 Possible Savings in Future Home and Enterprise Network
    5. 9.5 Conclusions and Future Outlook
    6. References
  16. Chapter 10: Towards Delay-Tolerant Cognitive Cellular Networks
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 Scenarios and Applications
    3. 10.3 Previous Research
    4. 10.4 System Model and Energy Saving Schemes
    5. 10.5 Numerical Investigations
    6. 10.6 Conclusions and Future Research
    7. References
    8. Further Reading
  17. Chapter 11: Green MTC, M2M, Internet of Things
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 Green M2M Solutions for M2M
    3. 11.3 Green M2M Applications
    4. 11.4 Open Research Topics
    5. 11.5 Conclusions
    6. Acknowledgements
    7. References
  18. Chapter 12: Energy Saving Standardisation in Mobile and Wireless Communication Systems
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN)
    3. 12.3 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP)
    4. 12.4 GSM Association (GSMA)
    5. 12.5 European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)
    6. 12.6 Alliance for Telecommunication Industry Solutions (ATIS)
    7. 12.7 IEEE 802.11/Wi-Fi
    8. 12.8 Conclusions
    9. References
  19. Chapter 13: Green Routing/Switching and Transport
    1. 13.1 Energy-Saving Strategies for Backbone Networks
    2. 13.2 Switch-Off ILP Formulations
    3. 13.3 Switch-Off Algorithms
    4. 13.4 Table Lookup Bypass
    5. 13.5 Conclusion
    6. References
  20. Chapter 14: Energy Efficiency in Ethernet
    1. 14.1 Introduction to Ethernet
    2. 14.2 Energy-Efficient Ethernet (IEEE 802.3az)
    3. 14.3 Ethernet Energy Consumption Trends and Savings Estimates
    4. 14.4 Future Directions of Energy Efficiency in Ethernet
    5. 14.5 Conclusions
    6. References
  21. Chapter 15: Green Optical Networks: Power Savings versus Network Performance
    1. 15.1 Introduction
    2. 15.2 Device-Specific Energy Characteristics
    3. 15.3 Energy Saving for Optical Access Networks Based on WDM PONs
    4. 15.4 Energy Saving for WDM Core Networks
    5. 15.5 Summary
    6. References
  22. Chapter 16: Energy-Efficient Networking in Modern Data Centers
    1. 16.1 Introduction
    2. 16.2 Energy Efficiency in Data Center Networks
    3. 16.3 A Joint Energy Management Solution
    4. 16.4 Performance Evaluation
    5. 16.5 Concluding Remarks
    6. References
  23. Chapter 17: SDN-Enabled Energy-Efficient Network Management
    1. 17.1 Introduction
    2. 17.2 Background: Concepts for Network Operation
    3. 17.3 Energy-Efficient Network Management Practices
    4. 17.4 Energy-Efficient Network Management Enablers
    5. 17.5 Conclusions
    6. References
  24. Chapter 18: Energy-Efficient Protocol Design
    1. 18.1 Introduction
    2. 18.2 General Approaches to Power Management of Edge Devices
    3. 18.3 Remotely Controlled Activation and Deactivation
    4. 18.4 Proxying
    5. 18.5 Context-Aware Power Management
    6. 18.6 Power-aware Protocols and Applications
    7. 18.7 Conclusions
    8. References
  25. Chapter 19: Information-Centric Networking: The Case for an Energy-Efficient Future Internet Architecture
    1. 19.1 Introduction
    2. 19.2 Popular Content-Centric Enhancements
    3. 19.3 ICN: Motivation
    4. 19.4 ICN: Background and Related Work
    5. 19.5 ICN: Energy Efficiency
    6. 19.6 Summary
    7. References
  26. Chapter 20: Energy Efficiency Standards for Wireline Communications
    1. 20.1 Introduction
    2. 20.2 Energy-Efficient Network Equipment
    3. 20.3 Network-Based Energy Conservation
    4. 20.4 Energy-Aware Network Planning
    5. 20.5 Energy Saving Management
    6. 20.6 Energy-Efficiency Metrics, Measurements, and Testing
    7. 20.7 Conclusions
    8. References
  27. Chapter 21: Conclusions
    1. 21.1 Summary
    2. 21.2 Green Communication Effects on Current Networks
    3. 21.3 Future Developments
    4. References
  28. Index
  29. End User License Agreement