What is reverse engineering? At the highest level, it is simply taking a product apart to understand how it works. You might do this for many reasons, among them are to
• Understand the capabilities of the product’s manufacturer
• Understand the functions of the product in order to create compatible components
• Determine whether vulnerabilities exist in a product
• Determine whether an application contains any undocumented functionality
Many different tools and techniques have been developed for reverse engineering software. We focus in this chapter on those tools and techniques that are most helpful in revealing flaws in software. We discuss static (also called passive) reverse engineering techniques in which you ...