O'Reilly logo

Government and Not For Profit Accounting: Concepts and Practices, 6th Edition by Michael H. Granof

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

images

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

After studying this chapter you should understand:

  • The nature of funds, including why they are used and the interrelationship among them
  • The elements of financial statements
  • The hierarchy classification of fund balances
  • The basic fund types used by governments—governmental funds, proprietary funds, and fiduciary funds
  • The main components of a government's comprehensive annual financial report
  • The primary financial statements—both government-wide and fund-issued by governments
  • How the fund structures and financial reports of not-for-profits differ from those of governments

In Chapter 1, we set forth some of the key characteristics that distinguish governments and not-for-profit entities from businesses. We also discussed their implications for accounting and financial reporting. In particular, we noted that governments and not-for-profits use fund accounting. In this chapter we explain the rationale for fund accounting, describe the main types of funds maintained, and examine the relationships among funds.

As noted in Chapter 1, in June 1999 the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) established a new reporting model for state and local governments. In this chapter, we highlight the key features of this current model. We begin by defining and explaining some common elements of financial statements, both fund and government-wide, and also focus on more ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required