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Governance, Risk, and Compliance Handbook: Technology, Finance, Environmental, and International Guidance and Best Practices by Anthony Tarantino

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CHAPTER 26

THE IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION ON HIGH-TECH SUPPLY CHAINS

Krishna Gorrepati

Joachim Thomas Garson

26.1 INTRODUCTION

26.2 THE ROHS AND WEEE LEGISLATIONS

26.3 RESTRICTION OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES GLOBALLY

(a) RoHS-Compliant Business Processes

26.4 IMPACTOF ROHS ANDWEEEON BUSINESS PROCESSES AND SUPPLY CHAIN PARTICIPANTS

(a) Product Design

(b) Purchasing

(c) Manufacturing and Quality Control

(d) Component Manufacturers

(e) ODM/EMS Companies

(f) Service and Reverse Logistics Service Providers

(g) Implementation of Business Processes to Comply with RoHS and WEEE

(h) Impact on the IT Infrastructure

26.5 SUMMARY

NOTES

26.1 INTRODUCTION

The electronics industry underwent an important transition toward designing and selling environmentally friendly products in the past five years. This transition has been triggered primarily by the introduction of environmental legislations around the globe and market trends that demand and reward sustainable and environmentally conscious design. The earliest and the most significant of these regulations are the Restriction of Hazardous Substances1 (RoHS) and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment2 (WEEE) directives passed by the European Union. RoHS, especially, triggered extensive changes in both the design and processes involved in the manufacturing of electronic products throughout the highly dispersed electronics supply chain. Recently a number of other countries followed the stance taken by the EU and introduced similar legislations—the ...

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