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Global Perspectives on Youth Gang Behavior, Violence, and Weapons Use

Book Description

Youth violence has become a concern as gangs become a popular option for urban children and teenagers and weapons use among young populations becomes more prevalent. Exploring the psychological motivations and foundations upon which such violence is developed and cultivated can assist in better understanding the modern dilemma of violence, weapons use, and gang behavior among children, teenagers, and young adults. Global Perspectives on Youth Gang Behavior, Violence, and Weapons Use reconsiders the traditional understandings of youth violence in various forms, such as gang activities, criminal behavior, and weapons use. Focusing on the psychosocial elements of violence among children, teenagers, and young adults, this timely publication is ideally designed for use by policy makers and government executives, professionals, educators, and graduate-level students involved in psychology, criminology, social work, and criminal justice studies.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. List of Reviewers
    1. List of Reviewers
  6. Foreword
    1. REFERENCES
  7. Preface
    1. THE GLOBALIZED GANG
    2. A NEW RESEARCH AGENDA?
    3. THE BOOK
    4. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    5. REFERENCES
  8. Acknowledgment
  9. Section 1: North America
    1. Chapter 1: “Come on Now, I Want to See Blood!”
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MICRO/MACRO PROCESSES
      4. RISK FACTORS
      5. SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS FOR RITUAL: MAKING THE MACRO/MICRO BRIDGE
      6. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL PURPOSES OF INITIATION
      7. DEFINING VIOLENCE
      8. VIOLENT MEMBERSHIP CEREMONIES
      9. CONTROLLED, ORCHESTRATED BLOWS
      10. VOYEUR VS. VIOLENT PARTICIPANT
      11. POST-INITIATION CHOREOGRAPHY
      12. BLOOD OUT
      13. SYNTHESIZED THEORETICAL MODEL
      14. CONCLUSION
      15. REFERENCES
      16. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 2: Baby Steps
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. URBAN VIOLENCE
      4. THE ANATOMY OF STREET GANGS
      5. GANGS IN SCHOOLS
      6. CASE STUDY: SOUTH HOLYOKE SAFE NEIGHBORHOODS INITIATIVE AND MORGAN SCHOOL
      7. SUMMARY
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    3. Chapter 3: Gang Violence in Schools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. CASE STUDY
      3. INTRODUCTION
      4. WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE?
      5. GANGS IN SCHOOLS
      6. GANG VS. NON-GANG VIOLENCE
      7. VIOLENCE IN SCHOOLS: THE EFFECTS
      8. UNDERSTANDING PERCEPTIONS OF FEAR
      9. FOUNDATIONS IN THEORY
      10. SPECIFIC SCHOOL SAFETY MEASURES AND EFFECTS ON VIOLENCE
      11. COLLECTIVE EFFECTS OF SCHOOL SAFETY MEASURES
      12. EFFECTS OF SCHOOL SAFETY MEASURE ON STUDENTS OF COLOR
      13. IMPLICATIONS FOR SCHOOLS
      14. IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
      15. REFERENCES
      16. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 4: The Reality and Myth of Weapons and Violence in Gang Life
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. INTRODUCTION
      4. THE REALITY OF WEAPONS AND VIOLENCE IN GANG LIFE
      5. THE MYTH OF WEAPONS AND VIOLENCE IN GANG LIFE
      6. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES
      7. CONCLUSION: REALITY AS A FOUNDATION FOR MYTH?
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 5: Forensic Psychological Perspectives on Youth Gang Involvement in Juvenile Fire Setting and Bomb Making Weapons Cases
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW OF A CASE INVOLVING GANG RELATED JUVENILE FIRE SETTING AND BOMB MAKING BEHAVIOR
      4. A HISTORY OF GANG RELATED FIRE SETTING AND BOMB MAKING
      5. GR-JFSB CRIME ANALYSIS
      6. BARRIERS TO EFFECTIVE SERVICES
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 6: Sticks and Stones
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BIRDS OF A FEATHER: A WEB OF HATE
      3. DEFINING HATE
      4. HATE GROUPS/HATE GANGS
      5. WHY PEOPLE HATE
      6. THE MESSAGE OF HATE
      7. WHY HATE MESSAGES APPEAL
      8. COMMUNICATING HATE
      9. SHOULD HATE SPEECH BE BANNED?
      10. A FINAL CASE
      11. CONCLUDING COMMENTS
      12. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 7: Youth Gang Exit
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. WHAT IS DESISTANCE AND HOW IS IT MEASURED?
      5. CRIMINOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVES FOR LEAVING THE GANG
      6. THE DESISTANCE PROCESS AND METHODS FOR LEAVING THE GANG
      7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. ENDNOTES
  10. Section 2: Latin America
    1. Chapter 8: Gender Dynamics of Violent Acts among Gang Affiliated Young Adult Mexican American Men
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STUDY METHODS
      4. STUDY SAMPLE
      5. FINDINGS
      6. THE GENDERED VIOLENT ACT
      7. THE REPRESENTATION OF GENDERED VIOLENCE
      8. DISCUSSION
      9. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 9: In Hand, Out of Hand
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ELIZABETH’S STORY
      3. ALEX’S STORY
      4. INTRODUCTION
      5. I. HISPANIC/LATINO GANGS IN THE AMERICAS
      6. II. WEAPONS USE AND THE INTERGANG ENVIRONMENT
      7. III. RESILIENCE TO VIOLENCE
      8. CONCLUDING THOUGHTS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
  11. Section 3: Europe
    1. Chapter 10: “It's a Vicious Game”
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. CASE STUDIES
      3. INTRODUCTION
      4. EXISTING ACADEMIC RESEARCH
      5. METHODOLOGICAL NOTE
      6. RESULTS AND ANALYSIS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 11: An Exploratory Study of Prison Gangs in Contemporary Society
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. CASE STUDIES
      3. INTRODUCTION
      4. THE CHANGING ROLE OF PRISON GANGS
      5. A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
      6. PRISON GANGS IN ENGLAND
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    3. Chapter 12: Surviving the Streets of Makeevka
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINING STREET CHILDREN IN MAKEEVKA, UKRAINE
      4. STREET CHILDREN AND THEIR SUBCULTURE
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ENDNOTE
  12. Section 4: Africa
    1. Chapter 13: Cape Town Gangs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ORGANISED CRIME: MEN IN THE SHADOWS
      4. PRISON GANGS: OLD AND MEAN
      5. MERCHANT GANGS, BROTHERHOODS AND STREET SOLDIERS
      6. SISTERHOODS: TOUGH SUPPORT CREW
      7. WARRIORS IN BLAZERS: EMPTY BATTLES
      8. CORNER KIDS: WHO’S YOUR DADDY?
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
  13. Section 5: Asia
    1. Chapter 14: From “Little Flowers of the Motherland” into “Carnivorous Plants”
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REFERENCES
  14. Section 6: Pacifica
    1. Chapter 15: Youth Gangs and Youth Violence in Australia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
      4. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 16: The Reorganisation of Gangs in New Zealand
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INTRODUCTION
      4. THE NEW ZEALAND GANG SCENE
      5. THE OUTLAW MOTORCYCLE CLUBS
      6. THE PATCHED STREET GANGS
      7. LA-STYLE STREET GANGS: A LOOK AT THE FUTURE?
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
  15. Compilation of References
  16. About the Contributors