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Global Challenges and Perspectives in Blended and Distance Learning

Book Description

Even in higher education, the traditional perception of learning is a face to face environment; while distance education is typically thought of as its alternative. However, the continuous expansion of technology has altered this point of view as a more flexible option of education, not an alternative. Global Challenges and Perspectives in Blended and Distance Learning highlights the perspectives, challenges, and current practices within higher and distance education around the world. This reference source brings together a unique view of global research essential for academics, managers and leaders, researchers, and practitioners for a timely view of research themes in higher education and distance education.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. List of Reviewers
    1. List of Reviewers
  5. Foreword
  6. Preface
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. RESEARCH AREAS IN DISTANCE EDUCATION
    3. EXPLORING DISTANCE EDUCATION AT THE MACRO LEVEL OF RESEARCH
    4. EXPLORING DISTANCE EDUCATION AT THE MESO LEVEL OF RESEARCH
    5. STRUCTURE OF THIS VOLUME
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Section 1: Global Issues and Perspectives in Distance and Flexible Education
    1. Chapter 1: Maximising Technology Usage in Research Synthesis of Higher Education Professional Development Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEHUB RESEARCH MISSION
      4. SYNTHESISING LITERATURE
      5. RESEARCH SYNTHESIS IMPERATIVES
      6. INFORMATION PROCESSING
      7. RESEARCH DESIGN
      8. SEARCH QUESTION AND PROCESS
      9. METHODOLOGY
      10. LEXICAL-ANALYSIS SOFTWARE
      11. CREATING A THESAURUS
      12. DOCUMENT SORTING
      13. APPLICATION OF LEXIMANCERTM
      14. RESEARCH STRATEGY VALIDATION
      15. TIME INVOLVED
      16. CONCLUSION
      17. APPENDIX 1: USING LEXIMANCERTMTM TO IDENTIFY THE MOST RELEVANT ARTICLES AS PART OF A LARGE LITERATURE SEARCH
    2. Chapter 2: Equity in Distance Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DISTANCE, TRANSNATIONAL, AND BORDERLESS EDUCATION
      4. MACRO, MESO, AND MICRO LEVELS OF RESEARCH IN DISTANCE AND BORDERLESS EDUCATION
      5. EQUITY
      6. THE IMPACT OF EQUITY ISSUES IN DISTANCE EDUCATION
      7. MODIFICATION TO THE DISTANCE EDUCATION FRAMEWORK: EQUITY AS THE META LEVEL
      8. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 3: Beyond the Boundaries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PURPOSE AND SCOPE
      4. PART 1: THE DRIVING FORCES OF GLOBAL HIGHER EDUCATION
      5. PART 2: GOING GLOBAL – THE CHALLENGES FOR UNIVERSITIES
      6. PART 3: THE FUTURE OF BORDERLESS HIGHER EDUCATION
      7. SUMMARY
      8. APPENDIX A: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MANAGING EFFECTIVE INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS
    4. Chapter 4: Transnational Distance Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
      4. ONLINE LEARNING AND ASIAN LEARNERS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 5: Distance Education Quality Assurance in Ghana
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DRIVERS OF TRANSNATIONAL EDUCATION
      4. TYPES OF TRANSNATIONAL EDUCATION IN GHANA
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. THE ROLE OF THE NATIONAL ACCREDITATION BOARD (NAB) IN ENSURING THE QUALITY OF DISTANCE EDUCATION IN GHANA
      7. ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE NAB
      8. CONCLUSION
  9. Section 2: Case Studies of Global Responses to Distance and Flexible Education
    1. Chapter 6: Open Universities Australia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE OUA MODEL
      4. THE HISTORY OF OUA: FROM THE OPEN LEARNING INITIATIVE (OLI) TO OPEN UNIVERSITIES AUSTRALIA (OUA)
      5. ONLINE TECHNOLOGY AND THE EVOLUTION OF OUA
      6. FUTURE DIRECTIONS AND NEW INNOVATIONS
      7. MOVING ON WITH CURRENT TECHNOLOGY TRENDS
      8. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 7: Managing Project-Based Workplace Learning at a Distance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. THE PLACE OF WORKPLACE LEARNING IN THE CURRICULUM
      4. MANAGING THE WORKPLACE LEARNING AT A DISTANCE
      5. EVALUATION AND COURSE IMPROVEMENT
      6. CHALLENGES OF DISTANCE
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 8: Southern Skies Distance Education Academic Exchange Project
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. SETTING THE SCENE
      3. STAGE 1
      4. STAGE 2
      5. REFLECTIONS ON THE PROJECT EVALUATION
      6. OPPORTUNITIES AND SOME OUTCOMES
      7. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 9: Cooperation between a Distance Teaching University and an On-Campus University
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY AND RELATIONSHIP TO KNOWLEDGE
      4. INTEGRATING A DISTANCE TEACHING UNIVERSITY AND A CAMPUS UNIVERSITY: THE CREATION OF A DUAL MODE UNIVERSITY
      5. A PROMISING UNION
      6. ESSENTIAL CONDITIONS FOR SUCCESS
      7. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 10: eCampusAlberta
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. VISION SETTING: STARTING FROM THE TOP
      4. SHARED GOVERNANCE STRUCTURE: BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
      5. LEVERAGING LEADERSHIP
      6. RULES OF ENGAGEMENT
      7. OPERATIONALIZATION OF THE CONSORTIUM
      8. CENTRALIZED SERVICES
      9. THE MACEWAN EXPERIENCE
      10. THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT FUNDING
      11. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 11: Distance Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE CURRENT ENVIRONMENT FOR INSTITUTES OF TECHNOLOGY AND POLYTECHNICS IN NEW ZEALAND
      4. RISK, RISK MANAGEMENT, AND RISK MITIGATION
      5. GLOBAL CHALLENGES FACING INSTITUTES OF TECHNOLOGY AND POLYTECHNICS
      6. DIFFERENCES IN RETENTION LEVELS BETWEEN DISTANCE LEARNING AND FACE-TO-FACE LEARNING
      7. DISTANCE EDUCATION AND RISK MANAGEMENT
      8. STRATEGIES FOR RISK MITIGATION
      9. CASE STUDY: CAPACITY BUILDING AT THE OPEN POLYTECHNIC
      10. KEY STRATEGIC ISSUES/CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS
      11. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DISTANCE LEARNING ITPS
    7. Chapter 12: Pre-Service Teacher Education for the Management of Actual and Virtual Classes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THREE STEPS FOR THE INTRODUCTION OF CYBERCELLS
      5. TEACHING AND LEARNING IN NETWORKED ENVIRONMENTS
      6. ONE: DEVELOPING AWARENESS
      7. TWO: COLLABORATIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING
      8. THREE: CYBERCELLS
      9. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION: THE INTEGRATION OF VIRTUAL AND ACTUAL SPACES
  10. Section 3: Capacity Development
    1. Chapter 13: Supporting Teachers in Optimizing Technologies for Open Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OPTIMISING TECHNOLOGY ENHANCED LEARNING (TEL)
      4. REQUIREMENTS OF A DESIGN ENVIRONMENT FOR TEACHERS
      5. TEACHER REQUIREMENTS FOR LEARNING DESIGN
      6. EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE
      7. SHARING: EVOLUTION OF A PATTERN
      8. EVALUATING
      9. SUMMARY
    2. Chapter 14: Community of Practice or Networked Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: THE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
      4. DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMUNITIES OF PRACTICE
      5. DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS OF NETWORKS
      6. ARE COPS AND SOCIAL NETWORKS MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE?
      7. METHOD
      8. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      9. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 15: Shifting Mindsets Within
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. A LEARNING JOURNEY
      3. WHAT WE DON’T KNOW WE DON’T KNOW
      4. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
      5. THE IMPORTANCE OF METAPHOR IN SELF-STUDY RESEARCH
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 16: The Casual Academic in University Distance Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DISTANCE EDUCATION AND HIGHER EDUCATION REFORM IN AUSTRALIA
      5. THE KEY ISSUES
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 17: An Associate Dean’s Community of Practice
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE THEORETICAL CONTEXT
      4. THE USQ CONTEXT
      5. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 18: The Problem of Analysis of the Temporal Dimension in e-Learning Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: PROBLEMATIZING THE RESEARCH IN E-LEARNING
      3. TOWARDS A CO-EVOLUTIONARY ANALYSIS
      4. TEMPORAL DIMENSIONS IN E-LEARNING RESEARCH
      5. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 19: Applying STREAMS to the Management of Organizational Change in Distance Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DISTANCE EDUCATION
      4. STRATEGIC PLANNING
      5. STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT
      6. ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE
      7. STRATEGIC RESOURCE FOR EDUCATIONAL AND MANAGEMENT SUCCESS (STREAMS)
      8. APPLYING STREAMS TO A SPECIFIC EXAMPLE IN DISTANCE EDUCATION
      9. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 20: A Whole of University Approach to Embedding Graduate Attributes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONTEXT
      4. APPROACH
      5. DEPLOYMENT
      6. REFLECTIONS
      7. WHOLE OF UNIVERSITY APPROACH
      8. IMPROVEMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. SUMMARY
    9. Chapter 21: Epilogue
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MACRO AND MESO LEVEL RESEARCH IN DISTANCE AND FLEXIBLE LEARNING GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES
      4. CASE STUDIES OF GLOBAL RESPONSES TO DISTANCE AND FLEXIBLE EDUCATION
      5. CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT
      6. FINAL EMERGING CONSIDERATIONS
  11. Compilation of References
  12. About the Contributors