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Geospatial Technologies and Advancing Geographic Decision Making

Book Description

The availability of geographically referenced data, the proliferation of geospatial technologies, and advances in spatial analytics have been a boom to applied geographers. Geospatial Technologies and Advancing Geographic Decision Making: Issues and Trends is a resource for private and public sector applied geographers engaged as geospatial technicians, analysts, scientists, and managers. It includes chapters that highlight the use of geospatial technologies to explore applied geographic issues and problems; studies from economic geography, urban geography, population geography, medical geography, political geography, geography of education, geography of crime, and transportation geography are considered.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Associate Editors and List of Reviewers
    1. ASSOCIATE EDITORS
    2. LIST OF REVIEWERS
  5. Dedication
  6. Preface
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. SECTION 1: PHILOSOPHY, EDUCATION, TRAINING, AND PROSPECTS IN APPLIED GEOSPATIAL INDUSTRIES
    3. SECTION 2: FOCUS ON HUMAN GEOGRAPHY SPECIALTIES IN APPLIED GEOSPATIAL RESEARCH
  7. Section 1: Philosophy, Education, Training, and Prospects in Applied Geospatial Industries
    1. Chapter 1: Significant Advances in Applied Geography from Combining Curiosity-Driven and Client-Driven Research Methodologies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTORY REMARKS
      3. PARAMETERS OF INQUIRY
      4. DERIVING THE PARAMETERS OF INQUIRY AND MAKING CONNECTIONS
      5. DEVELOPING A FULLER APPRECIATION OF “THE LITERATURE”
      6. EXAMPLES OF SIGNIFICANT ADVANCES IN APPLIED GEOGRAPHY ACHIEVED BY COMBINING CURIOSITY- AND CLIENT-DRIVEN RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES
      7. ADVANCING RESEARCH FRONTIERS
      8. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 2: The Use of Geospatial Technology in Disaster Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BASIS FOR INVESTIGATION
      4. RESEARCH METHODS
      5. THE WEB-BASED SURVEY
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 3: Geospatial Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGY: CURRICULAR KEYSTONE OF APPLIED GEOGRAPHY
      3. RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS
    4. Chapter 4: Beyond Class Hours
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. COMPUTER CLASSROOM DESIGN
      4. TRADITIONAL COMPUTER LABS
      5. LEARNING COMMUNITIES
      6. GEOGRAPHY AND ITS GIS LAB
      7. THE CENTRAL WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY GIS LAB
      8. COSTS
      9. ASSESSING SUCCESS
      10. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 5: Critical Incident Management and Geographically–Based Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GEOGRAPHIC CONSIDERATIONS
      4. HARDWARE, SOFTWARE, AND DATA REQUIREMENTS
      5. OPERATIONALIZING THE INCIDENT COMMAND POST
      6. DISCUSSION
    6. Chapter 6: An Examination of Job Titles Used for GIScience Professionals
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE GISCIENCE PROFESSION
      4. JOB TITLES USED IN GISCIENCE
      5. GISCIENCE WORKFORCE ISSUES
      6. THE LANGUAGE OF RECRUITING
      7. METHODS
      8. FINDINGS
      9. MODEL GISCIENCE TITLES AND CAREER LADDERS
      10. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 7: Geospatial Workforce Trends in the United States
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GENERAL GEOSPATIAL WORKFORCE INDICATORS
      4. GEOSPATIAL WORKFORCE PROJECTIONS
      5. DEVELOPING A GEOSPATIAL WORKFORCE
      6. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 8: Geographic Disparities in Cancer Survival and Access to Care
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CURIOSITY-DRIVEN AND CLIENT-DRIVEN RESEARCH
      4. DATA AND METHODS
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
  8. Section 2: Focus on Human Geography Specialties in Applied Geospatial Research
    1. Chapter 9: Varying the Variable
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. THE BASIC IDEA: VARYING ASSUMPTIONS OF ATTRACTIVENESS
      3. USING A RETAIL BUSINESS ZONE AREA-BASED GRAVITY MODEL TO REPRESENT TRADE AREAS IN NEW BRITAIN, CONNECTICUT
      4. VISUALIZING THE INTERACTION OF TRADE AREAS
      5. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
      6. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 10: Emerging Retail Strategies in Urban Canada
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINING MARKETS
      4. SELECTED MAJOR RETAIL CHAINS PRESENCE BY MARKET AND LOCATION TYPE
      5. EMERGING LOCATIONAL STRATEGIES
      6. SUMMARY
    3. Chapter 11: Similarities between Competitors and the Implications for Location Strategies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELEVANT LITERATURE ON QUICK-SERVICE RESTAURANTS
      4. METHODS
      5. STUDY AREA
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 12: Changing Retail Banking Supply-Demand Mismatch
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODS AND DATA
      4. RESULTS
      5. CONCLUDING REMARKS
    5. Chapter 13: Location Patterns of Section 8 Housing in Jefferson County, Kentucky
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LOCAL SETTING
      4. DATA AND METHODS
      5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
      6. CONCLUDING REMARKS
    6. Chapter 14: Spatiotemporal Pattern Analysis of Rapid Urban Expansion Using GIS and Remote Sensing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STUDY AREA
      4. METHODS
      5. SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF URBAN GROWTH: SIZE, LOCATION, DISTANCE
      6. SPATIAL VARIATIONS AT A LOCAL SCALE: SPATIAL FORMS AND DISTANCE TO TRANSPORTATION ARTERIES
      7. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 15: Practical Approaches to Spatial Estimation of Disaster-Affected Populations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF INTERNET DELIVERY OF GEOSPATIAL DEMOGRAPHIC DATA
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH
    8. Chapter 16: A Geographic Analysis of Public-Private School Choice in South Carolina, USA
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE ON SCHOOL CHOICE
      4. DATA AND METHODOLOGY
      5. ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC SCHOOL ENROLLMENT ACROSS SCHOOL DISTRICTS
      6. ANALYSES OF PUBLIC SCHOOL ENROLLMENT ACROSS NEIGHBORHOODS
      7. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION
    9. Chapter 17: Impact of Spatial Filtering on the Least Cost Path Method
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE STUDY AREA
      4. METHODS
      5. RESULTS
      6. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
    10. Chapter 18: Disease, Death, and the Body Politic
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. AREAL INTERPOLATION: METHODS AND MATERIALS
      4. US CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT MORTALITY RATES
      5. GEOGRAPHIC DISPARITIES
      6. CONCLUSION
    11. Chapter 19: From Beats to Tracts
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION
  9. Compilation of References
  10. About the Contributors