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Geospatial Research: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Book Description

Having the ability to measure and explore the geographic space that surrounds us provides endless opportunities for us to utilize and interact with the world. As a broad field of study, geospatial research has applications in a variety of fields including military science, environmental science, civil engineering, and space exploration. Geospatial Research: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a multi-volume publication highlighting critical topics related to geospatial analysis, geographic information systems, and geospatial technologies. Exploring multidisciplinary applications of geographic information systems and technologies in addition to the latest trends and developments in the field, this publication is ideal for academic and government library inclusion, as well as for reference by data scientists, engineers, government agencies, researchers, and graduate-level students in GIS programs.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editor-in-Chief
    2. Associate Editors
    3. Editorial Advisory Board
  5. Preface
  6. Section 1: Fundamental Concepts and Theories
    1. Chapter 1: Introduction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DEFINING UBERVEILLANCE
      5. ON THE FLUIDITY OF UBERVEILLANCE IN COMPETING NARRATIVES
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 2: Linguistic Location Authority
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. LOCATION AUTHORITY
      3. THE RATIONALE FOR LINGUISTIC LOCATION AUTHORITY
      4. APPROACHES TO LINGUISTIC LOCATION AUTHORITY
      5. THE PERCEPTION-BASED APPROACH TO LINGUISTIC LOCATION AUTHORITY
      6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Spotted
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORKS
      4. DISCUSSIONS
      5. DATA COLLECTION METHODOLOGY AND CHARACTERISTICS
      6. IDENTIFYING HOTSPOTS
      7. CONNECTING PEOPLE AND LOCATIONS
      8. CONNECTING PEOPLE, LOCATIONS, AND REAL-WORLD EVENTS
      9. USERS MOBILITY AND ACTIVITY
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      14. ENDNOTE
    4. Chapter 4: Learning GIS in Architecture
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE TEACHING GIS IN ARCHITECTURE
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 5: What We Know and Do Not Know About Mobile App Usage and Stickiness
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. MEDIA CHARACTERISTICS: DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MOBILE APPS AND DESKTOP WEBSITES
      4. 3. INTERACTIVITY THEORIES AND THE CONCEPTUAL LOGIC FOR THIS STUDY
      5. 3. METHODOLOGY
      6. 4. MOBILE APP CONSUMER DECISION JOURNEY
      7. 5. DISCUSSION
      8. 6. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 6: The Landscape Cultural Construction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. REPRESENTING LANDSCAPE CULTURAL CONSTRUCTION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 7: Indoor Navigation and Location-Based Services for Persons with Motor Limitations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. USER REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY FOR INDOOR LBS
      4. REVIEW OF INDOOR NAVIGATION AND LOCATION BASED SERVICES
      5. THE MNISIKLIS INDOOR LBS SYSTEM
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READINGS
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 8: Location-Aware Mobile Media and Advertising
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINING LOCATION-AWARE MEDIA
      4. DEVELOPMENT OF LBS IN CHINA
      5. CASE STUDY: INDEPENDENT LBS PROVIDER “SBK”
      6. DISCUSSIONS AND CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    9. Chapter 9: A Sub-Chain Ranking and Recommendation Mechanism for Facilitating Geospatial Web Service Composition
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCEPTS OF SERVICE NETWORK MODEL
      4. CONSTRUCTION OF SERVICE NETWORK MODEL
      5. SUB-CHAIN RECOMMENDATION
      6. EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION
      7. RELATED WORK AND COMPARISON
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ENDNOTES
    10. Chapter 10: From Data-Centered to Activity-Centered Geospatial Visualizations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. COMPONENTS OF MAP APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACES
      4. OVERVIEW OF POPULAR GEOSPATIAL VISUALIZATIONS
      5. TASKS, ACTIVITIES, AND INTERACTIONS
      6. AN EXAMPLE OF A HUMAN ACTIVITY
      7. ACTIVITY-CENTERED DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    11. Chapter 11: Complex Motion Pattern Queries in Spatio-Temporal Databases
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      5. EVALUATING COMPLEX PATTERN QUERIES
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 12: Determinants of Consumers' Mobile Coupon Adoption
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL BASIS
      4. DETERMINANTS OF TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION
      5. LIMITATIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 13: Capturing Volunteered Historical Information
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WEB-BASED TECHNOLOGY, GOVERNANCE, AND COLLABORATION
      4. WIKI AS PROPOSED SOLUTION TO A LOCAL GOVERNMENT NECESSITY
      5. A UNIVERSITY-DESIGNED BLUEPRINT FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT NEEDS
      6. COMMUNITY RESPONSES TO THE WIKI
      7. QUANTITATIVE MEASURES OF PARTICIPATION
      8. CONCLUSION: VALUE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE WIKI MODEL AND SUGGESTED CONDITIONS FOR FUTURE EXPERIMENTATION
      9. DISCLAIMER
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ENDNOTES
    14. Chapter 14: The Image of Historic Urban Landscapes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY AND BEST PRACTICES
      5. CONCLUSION AND RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    15. Chapter 15: Spatiotemporal Network Analysis and Visualization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. RELATED WORK ON DATA MINING
      4. 3. DATA AND RESOURCES FOR DATA PROCESSING THAT PRECEDS SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS
      5. 4. OUR GEOREF ALGORITHM
      6. 5. EXPERIMENTS CONCERNING THE GEOREF ALGORITHM
      7. 6. DISCUSSION
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ENDNOTES
    16. Chapter 16: Spatial Intelligence for Regional Analysis
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TECHNOLOGY BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. SYSTEM DESIGN
      6. DATA SOURCES AND FUNCTIONALITIES
      7. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    17. Chapter 17: Decision-Making Processes Based on Knowledge Gained from Spatial Data
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. KNOWLEDGE GENERATION FROM SPATIAL DATA TO SUPPORT DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES
      5. FURTHER RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  7. Section 2: Development and Design Methodologies
    1. Chapter 18: A Multiple Natural Hazards Assessment Model Based on Geomorphic Terrain Units
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROCEDURAL MODEL
      4. METHODS AND RESULTS
      5. MODEL EVALUATION
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 19: Developing a Compendium of Ideas on Using the Retrospective Approach to Mine for GIS Nuggets
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORIGINS OF THE IDEA OF DEVELOPING A COMPENDIUM OF IDEAS ON USING THE RETROSPECTIVE APPROACH TO MINE FOR GIS NUGGETS
      3. TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR THE COMPENDIUM DESIGN
      4. COMPENDIUM DESIGN: INITIAL CONSIDERATIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ENDNOTES
    3. Chapter 20: Research and Design of Geospatial Metadata Deployment Prototype System Based on PHP Framework
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROBLEMS IN THE DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF GEOSPATIAL METADATA DEPLOYMENT SYSTEM
      4. THE CHARACTERISTICS AND ADVANTAGES OF PHP FRAMEWORK
      5. THE DESIGN OF GEOSPATIAL METADATA DEPLOYMENT SYSTEM BASED ON PHP FRAMEWORK
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 21: A Generic Spatial OLAP Model for Evaluating Natural Hazards in a Volunteered Geographic Information Context
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND
      4. 3. RELATED WORK
      5. 4. A GENERIC SPATIO-MULTIDIMENSIONAL MODEL FOR VGI NATURAL HAZARDS
      6. 5. IMPLEMENTATION
      7. 6. DISCUSSION
      8. 7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 22: Designing and Implementing E-Government Projects in India
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      4. UNDERSTANDING STRATEGIC ACTOR BEHAVIOUR
      5. ASSESSING E-GOVERNMENT PROJECT OUTCOME
      6. EXAMINING ACTOR ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS IN ICT ADOPTION
      7. IDENTIFYING STRATEGIC GAMES THAT IMPACT THE PLANNING AND UPTAKE OF ICTs IN BUREAUCRACIES
      8. THE CASE OF THE GREATER BANGALORE CITY MUNICIPAL CORPORATION (THE BRUHAT BENGALURU MAHANAGARA PALIKE OR BBMP)
      9. PROPERTY TAXATION REVENUE COLLECTIONS AND COMPLIANCE DATA: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS AND TOOLS
      10. PROPERTY TAX REVENUE DATA DISCUSSED: BANGALORE CITY AND 12 SELECT MUNICIPAL WARDS
      11. WHAT’S IN A GAME? DISCUSSING E-GOVERNMENT SUCCESS AND FAILURE
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
      14. ADDITIONAL READING
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      16. ENDNOTE
    6. Chapter 23: Semantic Spatial Representation, an Experimental Proposal in the Framework of eParticipation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION THEORY: AN APPROACH
      4. FROM PARTICIPATION TO ePARTICIPATION
      5. ePARTICIPATION, THROUGH ICT TOOLS
      6. VGI: VOLUNTARY GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
      7. GIS FOR PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
      8. THE CASE: ONTOMAP – MAPPE DI COMUNITÁ 3.0
      9. SOCIAL SEMANTIC MAPPING
      10. THE STRUCTURE OF THE PROJECT, A TERRITORIAL ONTOLOGY
      11. THE STRUCTURE OF THE APPLICATION
      12. FIRST EMPIRICAL RESULTS
      13. CONCLUSION
      14. REFERENCES
      15. ENDNOTES
    7. Chapter 24: A Unified Building Model for a Real 3D Cadastral System
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REQUIREMENTS ON 3D CADASTRE
      4. BUILDING MODELS
      5. IMPLEMENTATION SCENARIOS
      6. 3D CADASTRE AND EXISTING BUILDING MODELS
      7. THE 3D CADASTRE UBM
      8. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 3D-CADASTRAL-EXTENDED UBM
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    8. Chapter 25: Built Environment and Driving Outcomes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DATA AND STUDY AREA
      4. ROAD SEGMENT-BASED DATA FUSION
      5. CASE STUDY: BUSINESS CONCENTRATION, DRIVING SPEED, AND REAR-END CRASHES
      6. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 26: Geospatial Technology Curriculum Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PURPOSE STATEMENT
      4. LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      5. STUDENT ENGAGEMENT TIME
      6. WRITING THE LESSON
      7. STUDENT ASSESSMENT
      8. LESSON DISSEMINATION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
      12. APPENDIX A
    10. Chapter 27: Revolutionary and Evolutionary Technology Design Processes in Location-Based Interactions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ENGAGING IN LOCATION-BASED MEANINGFUL INTERACTIONS
      4. EVOLUTIONARY AND REVOLUTIONARY DESIGN PROCESSES
      5. CASE STUDIES
      6. DESIGN PROCESSES LEADING TO CATWALK AND PRÊT-À-PORTER TECHNOLOGIES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
    11. Chapter 28: Building a Visual Analytics Tool for Location-Based Services
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DOMAIN PROBLEM SPECIFICATION
      5. EXPERIMENT
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  8. Section 3: Tools and Technologies
    1. Chapter 29: Parallel kNN Queries for Big Data Based on Voronoi Diagram Using MapReduce
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. kNN QUERIES OF MULTI-DIMENSIONAL SPACE DATA
      5. PARTITIONED METHOD BASED ON VORONOI DIAGRAM
      6. INDEX THE VORONOI DIAGRAM USING R-TREE
      7. EXPERIMENTS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 30: Social Media in E-Governance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. WEB AND SOCIAL MEDIA
      3. EMERGING SOCIAL MEDIA TOOLS
      4. MOBILE SOCIAL MEDIA
      5. SOCIAL MEDIA IN E-GOVERNANCE IN INDIA
      6. ADVANTAGES OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN E-GOVERNANCE
      7. RISKS IN THE USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA FOR E-GOVERNANCE
      8. SOCIAL MEDIA POLICY AND GUIDELINES FOR E-GOVERNANCE
      9. ESSENTIAL CORE ELEMENTS OF A SOCIAL MEDIA POLICY
      10. SOCIAL MEDIA FRAMEWORK AND GUIDELINES FOR E-GOVERNANCE IN INDIA
      11. MOBILE FRAMEWORK FOR E-GOVERNANCE IN INDIA
      12. LIMITATIONS OF INDIAN GOVERNMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN E-GOVERNANCE
      13. DISCUSSIONS
      14. CONCLUSION
      15. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 31: Mobile E-Services
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. STATE OF THE ART OF MOBILE E-SERVICES
      4. 3. IMPORTANT FOCUS AREAS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      5. 4. CONCLUSION
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ENDNOTES
      9. APPENDIX
    4. Chapter 32: HERMES
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A DATA TYPE MODEL FOR TRAJECTORY DATABASES
      4. ON THE PHYSICAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE HERMES TD TYPE SYSTEM
      5. EXTENDING HERMES WITH OBJECT METHODS AND OPERATORS
      6. HERMES ARCHITECTURE
      7. AN APPLICATION OF HERMES TO VEHICLE TRAFFIC ANALYSIS
      8. BUILDING REAL MOBILITY-CENTRIC APPLICATIONS ON TOP OF HERMES
      9. CONCLUSION AND OUTLOOK
      10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 33: Digital Tools for Urban and Architectural Heritage
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DIGITAL TOOLS AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS
      4. CULTURAL HERITAGE, URBAN HERITAGE, AND ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
      5. TERRITORIAL, URBAN, AND ARCHITECTURAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 34: Mobile Location Based Services
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. DEFINITION AND HISTORY OF MOBILE LOCATION BASED SERVICES
      3. TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS
      4. MASS ADOPTION
      5. CLASSIFICATION OF MOBILE LOCATION BASED SERVICES
      6. IMPLICATIONS OF MOBILE LOCATION BASED SERVICES
      7. LIMITATIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS, AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 35: Cloud Computing Location-Based Services for Quality Health Care Services Delivery
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ROUTE GUIDANCE APPROACH SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE
      5. ENHANCING THE SOLUTION WITH PREFERENCES AND CONTEXTS
      6. PUTTING ALL TOGETHER ON THE CLOUD
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 36: Layering Learning – Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: EMERGENCE OF GIS IN INDUSTRY
      4. PLACE BASED DATA: A SPATIAL EXPLOSION
      5. THE STATE OF PUBLIC EDUCATION: A SYSTEM IN QUESTION
      6. LAYERING LEARNING
      7. GIS IN ACADEMICS: ENHANCING EDUCATIONAL METHODS FOR THE DIGITAL FUTURE
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX
    9. Chapter 37: GISS and GISP Facilitate Higher Education and Cooperative Learning Design
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MAIN CONCEPTS
      4. PATH DEPENDENCE IN SOCIETAL EVOLUTION: “MACRO-LEARNING”
      5. INTENTIONAL DEVIATION FROM TRENDS, CALLED “MEASURES”
      6. PATH DEPENDENCE IN INDIVIDUAL LEARNING: “SOCIAL DESIGN”
      7. ONE VIEWING TOOL: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS)
      8. “GIS”: GRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON SOCIAL PROCEDURES
      9. CONCLUSION REGARDING GIS AND GIS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 38: Mobile Usability
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TECHNOLOGICAL CHALLENGES IN MOBILE USABILITY
      4. METHODOLOGICAL CHALLENGES IN MOBILE USABILITY
      5. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF MOBILE USABILITY
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 39: Online Flood Information System
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR FLOOD MANAGEMENT
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
    12. Chapter 40: SEDRIS Transmittal Storing and Retrieval System Using Relational Databases
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. RELATED WORK
      4. 3. PROPOSED APPROACH
      5. 4. COMPARISON APPROACH
      6. 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
    13. Chapter 41: The Integration of Same E-Technologies for Solving Complex Problem in Subject of World State
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    14. Chapter 42: Physical Health Promotion through Modern Technologies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. PHYSICAL HEALTH PROMOTION
      4. 3. ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES: SOLUTIONS TO RECOMMENDATIONS
      5. 4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    15. Chapter 43: Creating an Interactive Web Map
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. INTEGRATING SERVICE-LEARNING AND GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGIES
      4. 3. PROJECT RATIONALE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVES
      5. 4. ALIGNING LEARNING OBJECTIVES TO THE GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGY COMPETENCY MODEL
      6. 5. PROJECT DESIGN AND METHODS
      7. 6. ASSESSMENT
      8. 7. STUDENT ENGAGEMENT TIME
      9. 8. CHALLENGES
      10. 9. FUTURE PROJECTS
      11. 10. CONCLUSION
      12. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      13. REFERENCES
      14. ENDNOTES
      15. APPENDIX
    16. Chapter 44: A Gamification Mechanism for Advertising in Mobile Cloud
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. MOTIVATION
      4. 3. GAMIFICATION FOR ADVERTISING
      5. 4. GAMIFICATION DEVELOPMENT
      6. 5. GAME OVERVIEW
      7. 6. GAMIFICATION APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT
      8. 7. DIGITAL IDENTIFY FOR ADVERTISING
      9. 8. COMPARSION AND RELATED WORK
      10. 9. RESEARCH SIGNIFICANCE
      11. 10. CONCLUSION
      12. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    17. Chapter 45: Aggregating GIS and MCDM to Optimize Wave Energy Converters Location in Tasmania, Australia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      4. RECOMMENDATIONS
      5. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    18. Chapter 46: ICT Powered Strategic Flexibility System Dynamic Model
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORK
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. THE STRATEGIC FLEXIBILITY CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR ENTERPRISES
      6. THE SYSTEM DYNAMIC MODEL STRUCTURE AND CALIBRATION FOR ICT POWERED STRATEGIC FLEXIBILITY
      7. MODEL VALIDATION AND CALIBRATION
      8. SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS
      9. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
    19. Chapter 47: Geospatial Technology-Based E-Government Design for Environmental Protection and Emergency Response
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
      3. CONTENT
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    20. Chapter 48: Expressing Data, Space, and Time with Tableau Public™
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
      4. TABLEAU PUBLIC: THE TOOL
      5. CREATING DATA VISUALIZATIONS WITH TABLEAU PUBLIC
      6. SOME REAL-WORLD EXAMPLES
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  9. Section 4: Utilization and Application
    1. Chapter 49: Web-Based Information Exploration of Sensor Web Using the HTML5/X3D Integration Model
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DESIGN OF METADATA VISUALIZATION
      5. IMPLEMENTATION
      6. USE CASE
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 50: Mapping the Hopi Landscape for Cultural Preservation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. MAPPING THE HOPI LANDSCAPE: TRADITIONAL CARTOGRAPHIES
      4. 3. MAPPING THE HOPI LANDSCAPE: RECENT APPLICATIONS OF GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGIES
      5. 4. DISCUSSION
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 51: Collaborative Knowledge in Catchment Research Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STATUS OF CATCHMENT RESEARCH NETWORKS
      4. INTEGRATIVE RESEARCH REQUIREMENTS FOR COLLABORATIVE KNOWLEDGE IN CATCHMENT RESEARCH NETWORKS
      5. INTERNATIONAL EXAMPLES OF DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS SUPPORTING COLLABORATIVE KNOWLEDGE IN CATCHMENT RESEARCH NETWORKS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 52: Utilizing Amerindian Hunters' Descriptions to Guide the Production of a Vegetation Map
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. METHODS
      4. 3. RESULTS
      5. 4. DISCUSSION
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 53: Using Temporal Versioning and Integrity Constraints for Updating Geographic Databases and Maintaining Their Consistency
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORK
      4. THE PROPOSED APPROACH
      5. INCONSISTENCIES PROCESSING
      6. THE GEOVERSIONING TOOL
      7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 54: Consumer Behavior in the Mobile Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ENDNOTES
    7. Chapter 55: Coupling Geospatial and Computer Modeling Technologies to Engage High School Students in Learning Urban Ecology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR TEACHERS
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. APPENDIX 1: INTERVIEW QUESTIONS
      10. APPENDIX 2: ASSESSMENT
    8. Chapter 56: Examining User Switch between Mobile Stores
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RESEARCH MODEL AND HYPOTHESES
      4. METHOD
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. THEORETICAL AND MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. APPENDIX
    9. Chapter 57: Enabling Healthy Living
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. STUDY FRAMEWORK
      4. 3. METHODS AND MATERIALS
      5. 4. RESULTS
      6. 5. DISCUSSION
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 58: Extending Metadata Standards for Historical GIS Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. TWO CASES OF GENOCIDE
      4. 3. BUILDING HGIS FROM GEO-HISTORICAL SOURCES
      5. 4. UNCERTAINTY IN HGIS PROJECTS
      6. 5. METADATA SOLUTIONS
      7. 6. DISCUSSION OF RESULTS
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
    11. Chapter 59: Interactive Visualizations as “Decision Support Tools” in Developing Nations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE VECTOR-BORNE DISEASE SITUATION: CHALLENGES FACING STAKEHOLDERS
      4. INTERACTIVE VISUALIZATION TOOLS
      5. THE ROLE OF INTERACTIVE VISUALIZATION TOOLS IN VBDs DECISION-MAKING
      6. TECHNOLOGIES FOR ANALYSIS AND DISPLAY OF VBD DATA
      7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE DIRECTION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    12. Chapter 60: Basics for Hydraulic Modelling of Flood Runoff Using Advanced Hydroinformatic Tools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BASICS FOR HYDRAULIC MODELLING OF FLOOD RUNOFF USING ADVANCED HYDROINFORMATIC TOOLS
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION AND REPRESENTATION OF THE MOVING FLUID BODY
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 61: Uberveillance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SURVEILLANCE
      5. SOUSVEILLANCE
      6. DATAVEILLANCE
      7. UBERVEILLANCE
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    14. Chapter 62: Exploration of Location-Based Services Adoption
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. LOCATION-BASED SERVICES
      5. MOBILE SERVICES ADOPTION
      6. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      7. RESEARCH MODEL AND HYPOTHESES
      8. LBS PROTOTYPE DESCRIPTION
      9. RESEARCH MODEL TESTING
      10. DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
      11. DISCUSSION
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
      14. APPENDIX 1
    15. Chapter 63: Using the Retrospective Approach to Commemorate AutoCarto Six
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. WHY A RETURN TO THE AUTOCARTO SIX PROCEEDINGS?
      3. WHY A RETROSPECTIVE RETURN TO AUTOCARTO SIX?
      4. RETROSPECTIVE TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR AUTHORS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
  10. Section 5: Organizational and Social Implications
    1. Chapter 64: Scalability and Sustainability of M-Government Projects Implementation in Developing Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. E-GOVERNMENT: A DEVELOPING COUNTRIES PERSPECTIVE
      4. E-GOVERNMENT TO M-GOVERNMENT: A DEVELOPING COUNTRIES PERSPECTIVE
      5. E-GOVERNMENT MATURITY MODELS
      6. SCALABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY: AN M-GOVERNMENT PERSPECTIVE
      7. CHALLENGES FOR M-GOVERNMENT SCALABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY
      8. M-GOVERNMENT PROJECTS’ SCALABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
      9. ENVISAGING SCALABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY
      10. FRAMEWORK FOR ADDRESSING THE CHALLENGES OF SCALABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 65: Device-to-Device Communications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. D2D SCENARIOS AND APPLICATIONS
      5. LTE-A STANDARD AND INTEGRATION OF D2D ARCHITECTURE
      6. COOPERATIVE COMMUNICATIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 66: Review and Implications of the AutoCarto Six Retrospective Project
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. PAPERS IN AUTOCARTO SIX RETROSPECTIVE
      3. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT THE RETROSPECTIVE DESIGN
      4. CONTRIBUTIONS OF RETROSPECTIVE PAPERS TO “THE LITERATURE”
      5. IMPLICATIONS OF THE RETROSPECTIVE APPROACH FOR LITERATURE SEARCH ROBUSTNESS TESTS
      6. IMPLICATIONS OF THE RETROSPECTIVE APPROACH FOR OTHER COMMEMORATIVE MISSIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTE
    4. Chapter 67: Competitive Smart Cities through Healthy Decision-Making
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. COMPETITIVE CITIES IN THE CONTEXT OF HEALTH
      5. CHALLENGES FOR AN E-HEALTH APPROACH TO DECISION-MAKING
      6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 68: Uberveillance and Faith-Based Organizations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHO ARE THE VULNERABLE NOW?
      4. THE ROLE OF INFORMATION ETHICS
      5. WHERE TO TARGET EFFORTS TO ADDRESS THESE ISSUES?
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 69: Geographic Information System Effects on Policing Efficacy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MAJOR CATEGORIES OF GIS APPLICATION IN POLICE ORGANIZATIONS
      4. REVIEW PROCESS
      5. FINDINGS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 70: Social and Technical Perspective of Individual's Intention to Purchase Mobile Application
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. EXPLORATORY STUDY RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSIONS AND CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    8. Chapter 71: Community-Engaged GIS for Urban Food Justice Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. APPROACHES
      4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ENDNOTES
    9. Chapter 72: Employing a Mixed Method to Explore Mobile Social Media Users' Big Data Privacy Concerns
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 73: Web-Based Public Participation in Urban Planning Competitions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FINNISH URBAN PLANNING TRADITIONS IN RELATION TO COMPETITIONS
      4. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN URBAN PLANNING
      5. NEW TOOLS FOR -PARTICIPATION IN URBAN PLANNING
      6. UNRAVELLING THE STORY OF TWO CASE STUDIES
      7. THE STRAIT OF PALOSAARI IDEAS COMPETITION IN VAASA
      8. THE RIVER VALLEY OF SIPOO IDEAS COMPETITION
      9. RESULTS
      10. DISCUSSION
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
    11. Chapter 74: Lifestyles and Mobile Services Adoption in China
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. RESEARCH METHODS
      5. DATA ANALYSIS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. APPENDIX: SURVEY
    12. Chapter 75: A Clinical Decision Support System
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SYSTEM MODELLING
      5. IMPLEMENTATION AND EXPERIMENTATION
      6. MOBILE PHYSICIAN DECISION-SUPPORT SYSTEM: A CASE STUDY
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 76: Can Management Have Multi-Fiduciary Stakeholder Obligations?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. AVOIDING THE STAKEHOLDER PARADOX
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    14. Chapter 77: “Checking Into” Outdoor Lifestyle?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHEN TNF MEETS CHINA: CHALLENGES IN AN EMERGING MARKET
      4. THE VIRTUAL RED FLAG CAMPAIGN: A LOW BARRIER TO OUTDOOR
      5. MARKETER-ORCHESTRATED ONLINE-OFFLINE DYNAMICS
      6. UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    15. Chapter 78: A Domain Independent Pedestrian Dead Reckoning System Solution for Android Smartphones
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ANDROID SENSORS
      5. PDR SOLUTION
      6. EVALUATION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    16. Chapter 79: Optimizing School Bus Stop Placement in Howard County, Maryland
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SCHOOL BUS ROUTING PROBLEM
      4. GIS-BASED APPROACH TO MINIMIZE BUS STOP PLACEMENT
      5. STUDY AREA
      6. DATA
      7. BUS STOP PLACEMENT CRITERIA
      8. METHOD
      9. RESULTS
      10. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION
      11. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      12. REFERENCES
    17. Chapter 80: Information Visualization Techniques for Big Data
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. TRENDS IN DATA VISUALIZATION
      3. 2. ASPECTS OF SPATIOTEMPORAL DATA
      4. 3. TECHNIQUES FOR ANALYZING AND LEARNING FROM BIG DATA
      5. 4. CASE STUDIES OF THEMATIC MAPS
      6. 5. EFFECTIVE PRACTICES FOR INTEGRATIVE INFORMATION VISUALIZATION
      7. REFERENCES
    18. Chapter 81: Privacy-Preserving Spatial Trajectory Prediction Based on a Novel Matrix Representation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND AND RELATED LITERATURE
      4. 3. RESEARCH METHODS
      5. 4. EXPERIMENT RESULTS AND STEP-BY-STEP EXPLANATIONS
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    19. Chapter 82: Gender Differences in Advanced Mobile Services Acceptance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. ADVANCED MOBILE SERVICES: M-LOCATION AND M-SOCIAL MEDIA
      4. 3. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
      5. 4. HYPOTHESES
      6. 5. METHODOLOGY
      7. 6. RESULTS
      8. 7. DISCUSSION
      9. 8. CONTRIBUTIONS
      10. 9. LIMITATIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH
      11. REFERENCES
      12. APPENDIX
    20. Chapter 83: Which Way Is Up?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND AND HISTORY OF LOCATIVE MEDIA
      4. CHARACTERISTICS DIFFERENTIATING LOCATIVE MEDIA FROM OTHER MEDIA
      5. HOW LOCATIVE MEDIA MAY FOSTER A SENSE OF PLACE
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
  11. Section 6: Emerging Trends
    1. Chapter 84: A New Spatial Transformation Scheme for Preventing Location Data Disclosure in Cloud Computing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORK
      4. ATTACK MODEL
      5. SPATIAL TRANSFORMATION FOR DATABASES IN CLOUD COMPUTING
      6. PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
      7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 85: Security and Privacy in Next Generation Networks and Services
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SECURITY AND PRIVACY IN NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS
      4. SECURITY AND PRIVACY IN NG SERVICES
      5. DISCUSSION AND OPEN PROBLEMS
      6. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 86: Mobile Big Data
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS MOBILE BIG DATA?
      3. 2. BIG DATA ECOSYSTEM
      4. 3. MOBILE COMPUTING AND BIG DATA VALUE CHAIN
      5. 4. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      8. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 87: The Future of the Natural Resources Sector in Russia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. METHODOLOGY AND APPROACH
      4. 3. MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
      5. 4. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ENDNOTE
      9. APPENDIX
    5. Chapter 88: Expanding Toolkits for Heritage Perpetuation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. WESTERN APACHE LAND AND HISTORY
      4. 3. WHITE MOUNTAIN APACHE HERITAGE PRESERVATION
      5. 4. DEVELOPMENT OF A TRIBALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH EXPERIENCE FOR UNDERGRADUATES
      6. 5. THE WESTERN APACHE ETHNOGRAPHY AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SCIENCE REU
      7. 6. STUDENT PROJECTS
      8. 7. PROGRAM ASSESSMENT
      9. 8. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 89: New Design Approach to Handle Spatial Vagueness in Spatial OLAP Datacubes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. 1. RELATED WORK
      4. 2. MOTIVATION
      5. 3. RISKS OF MISINTERPRETATION: DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION
      6. 5. THE RISK-AWARE DESIGN APPROACH
      7. 6. RISKS OF MISINTERPRETATION ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT
      8. 7. APPLICATION OF THE RISK-AWARE DESIGN APPROACH TO OUR CASE STUDY
      9. 8. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
      10. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 90: Three Dimensional Volunteered Geographic Information
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
    8. Chapter 91: On Predicting the Future Locations of Moving Objects
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. APPLICATIONS
      4. WHERENEXT
      5. IMPROVING WHERENEXT
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 92: Planning Reform as a Catalyst to Advance E-Planning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. COMMUNICATION AND PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
      5. STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF E-PLANNING
      6. A DECADE OF PLANNING REFORM: 2001 TO 2011
      7. PLANNING SYSTEM REVIEW 2012 - 2014
      8. THE NATIONAL E-PLANNING STRATEGY
      9. THE E-PLANNING STUDY
      10. DATA COLLECTION
      11. DATA ANALYSIS
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. DISCLAIMER
      14. REFERENCES
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 93: A GIS Based Methodology in Renewable Energy Sources Sustainability
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OBJECTIVES
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ENDNOTES
    11. Chapter 94: New Developments in Geographical Information Technology for Urban and Spatial Planning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. MEASURING URBAN FORM
      4. 3. MODELLING 3D POINT CLOUDS
      5. 4. VISUALIZING URBAN DATA WITHIN AN (AUGMENTED) MIXED REALITY ENVIRONMENT THROUGH MOBILE DEVICES
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS