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Gasification for Synthetic Fuel Production

Book Description

Gasification involves the conversion of carbon sources without combustion to syngas, which can be used as a fuel itself or further processed to synthetic fuels. The technology provides a potentially more efficient means of energy generation than direct combustion. This book provides an overview of gasification science and engineering and the production of synthetic fuels by gasification from a variety of feedstocks. Part one introduces gasification, reviewing the scientific basis of the process and gasification engineering. Part two then addresses gasification and synthentic fuel production processes. Finally, chapters in part three outline the different applications of gasification, with chapters on the conversion of different types of feedstock.

  • Examines the design of gasifiers, the preparation of feedstocks, and the economic, environmental and policy issues related to gasification
  • Reviews gasification processes for liquid fuel production
  • Outlines the different applications of gasification technology

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of contributors
  6. Woodhead publishing series in energy
  7. Part One: Fundamentals
    1. 1. Gasification and synthetic liquid fuel production: an overview
      1. Abstract
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 Gasification processes
      4. 1.3 Gasification feedstocks
      5. 1.4 Gasification for power generation
      6. 1.5 Gasification for synthetic fuel production
      7. 1.6 Future trends
    2. 2. Types of gasifier for synthetic liquid fuel production: design and technology
      1. Abstract
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Gasifier types
      4. 2.3 Products of gasification
      5. 2.4 Reactor design: chemical aspects
      6. 2.5 Reactor design: physical aspects
      7. 2.6 Gasification mechanism
    3. 3. Preparation of feedstocks for gasification for synthetic liquid fuel production
      1. Abstract
      2. Acknowledgements
      3. 3.1 Introduction
      4. 3.2 Feedstock types, properties, and characterization
      5. 3.3 Feedstock suitability and utilization challenges
      6. 3.4 Preparation techniques for onward processing
      7. 3.5 Advantages and limitations of feedstocks for gasification
    4. 4. Sustainability assessment of gasification processes for synthetic liquid fuel production: economic, environmental, and policy issues
      1. Abstract
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 Environmental and energy issues
      4. 4.3 Economic assessment of synthetic liquid and gaseous biofuels
      5. 4.4 The role of sustainability assessment in supporting international biofuel policies
      6. 4.5 Conclusions
      7. 4.6 Future trends
  8. Part Two: Gasification processes for synthetic liquid fuel production
    1. 5. Gasification reaction kinetics for synthetic liquid fuel production
      1. Abstract
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 General chemistry of gasification
      4. 5.3 Process chemistry
      5. 5.4 Conclusions
    2. 6. Gasification processes for syngas and hydrogen production
      1. Abstract
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Synthesis gas production
      4. 6.3 Hydrogen production
      5. 6.4 Gasification products: composition and quality
      6. 6.5 Advantages and limitations
    3. 7. Synthetic liquid fuel production from gasification
      1. Abstract
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
      4. 7.3 Sabatier-Senderens process
      5. 7.4 Thermal, catalytic, and hydrocracking processes
      6. 7.5 Product quality
      7. 7.6 Conclusions
    4. 8. Assessing fuels for gasification: analytical and quality control techniques for coal
      1. Abstract
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 Sampling
      4. 8.3 Proximate analysis
      5. 8.4 Calorific value
      6. 8.5 Ultimate analysis
      7. 8.6 Physical properties
      8. 8.7 Mechanical properties
      9. 8.8 Thermal properties
      10. 8.9 Real-time analysis for quality control
      11. 8.10 Advantages and limitations
  9. Part Three: Applications
    1. 9. Coal gasification processes for synthetic liquid fuel production
      1. Abstract
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Coal types and properties
      4. 9.3 Gas products
      5. 9.4 Products and product quality
      6. 9.5 Production of chemicals
      7. 9.6 Advantages and limitations
    2. 10. Heavy hydrocarbon gasification for synthetic fuel production
      1. Abstract
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Heavy feedstocks
      4. 10.3 Synthesis gas production
      5. 10.4 Output products
      6. 10.5 Conclusion and future trends
    3. 11. Biomass gasification for synthetic liquid fuel production
      1. Abstract
      2. Acknowledgements
      3. 11.1 Introduction
      4. 11.2 Properties of biomass resources
      5. 11.3 Biomass gasification
      6. 11.4 Biomass gasification properties
      7. 11.5 The biomass gasifier
      8. 11.6 The formation and cracking of tar
      9. 11.7 Char gasification
      10. 11.8 Novel technology for biomass gasification
      11. 11.9 Mathematical simulation of biomass gasification
      12. 11.10 Conclusion and future trends
    4. 12. Waste gasification for synthetic liquid fuel production
      1. Abstract
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Waste types
      4. 12.3 Feedstock properties and plant safety
      5. 12.4 Fuel production
      6. 12.5 Process products
      7. 12.6 Advantages and limitations
    5. 13. Gasification for synthetic liquid fuel production: past, present, and future
      1. Abstract
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 Applications and products
      4. 13.3 Environmental benefits of gasification-based systems
      5. 13.4 A process for now and the future
      6. 13.5 Conclusions
  10. Index