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Fundamentals of Optical Fiber Sensors

Book Description

This book describes the latest development in optical fiber devices, and their applications to sensor technology. Optical fiber sensors, an important application of the optical fiber, have experienced fast development, and attracted wide attentions in basic science as well as in practical applications. Sensing is often likened to human sense organs. Optical fiber can not only transport information acquired by sensors at high speed and large volume, but also can play the roles of sensing element itself. Compared with electric and other types of sensors, fiber sensor technology has unique merits. It has advantages over conventional bulky optic sensors, such as combination of sensing and signal transportation, smaller size, and possibility of building distributed systems. Fiber sensor technology has been used in various areas of industry, transportation, communication, security and defense, as well as daily life. Its importance has been growing with the advancement of the technology and the expansion of the scope of its application, a growth this book fully describes.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Series
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface
  6. Chapter 1: Introduction
    1. 1.1 HISTORICAL REVIEW AND PERSPECTIVE
    2. 1.2 CLASSIFICATIONS OF OPTICAL FIBER SENSORS
    3. 1.3 OVERVIEW OF THE CHAPTERS
    4. REFERENCES
  7. Chapter 2: Fundamentals of Optical Fibers
    1. 2.1 INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL FIBERS
    2. 2.2 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY OF STEP-INDEX OPTICAL FIBERS
    3. 2.3 BASIC THEORY OF THE GRADIENT-INDEX OPTICAL FIBER
    4. 2.4 SPECIAL OPTICAL FIBERS
    5. PROBLEMS
    6. REFERENCES
  8. Chapter 3: Fiber Sensitivities and Fiber Devices
    1. 3.1 FIBER SENSITIVITIES TO PHYSICAL CONDITIONS
    2. 3.2 FIBER COUPLERS
    3. 3.3 FIBER LOOP DEVICES INCORPORATED WITH COUPLERS
    4. 3.4 POLARIZATION CHARACTERISTICS OF FIBERS
    5. 3.5 FIBER POLARIZATION DEVICES
    6. PROBLEMS
    7. REFERENCES
  9. Chapter 4: Fiber Gratings and Related Devices
    1. 4.1 INTRODUCTION TO FIBER GRATINGS
    2. 4.2 THEORY OF FIBER GRATING
    3. 4.3 SPECIAL FIBER GRATING DEVICES
    4. 4.4 FIBER GRATING SENSITIVITIES AND FIBER GRATING SENSORS
    5. PROBLEMS
    6. REFERENCES
  10. Chapter 5: Distributed Optical Fiber Sensors
    1. 5.1 OPTICAL SCATTERING IN FIBER
    2. 5.2 DISTRIBUTED SENSORS BASED ON RAYLEIGH SCATTERING
    3. 5.3 DISTRIBUTED SENSORS BASED ON RAMAN SCATTERING
    4. 5.4 DISTRIBUTED SENSORS BASED ON BRILLOUIN SCATTERING
    5. 5.5 DISTRIBUTED SENSORS BASED ON FIBER INTERFEROMETERS
    6. PROBLEMS
    7. REFERENCES
  11. Chapter 6: Fiber Sensors With Special Applications
    1. 6.1 FIBER OPTIC GYROSCOPE
    2. 6.2 FIBER OPTIC HYDROPHONE
    3. 6.3 FIBER FARADAY SENSOR
    4. 6.4 FIBER SENSORS BASED ON SURFACE PLASMON EFFECT
    5. PROBLEMS
    6. REFERENCES
  12. Chapter 7: Extrinsic Fiber Fabry–Perot Interferometer Sensor
    1. 7.1 BASIC PRINCIPLES AND STRUCTURES OF EXTRINSIC FIBER F-P SENSORS
    2. 7.2 THEORY OF A GAUSSIAN BEAM FABRY–PEROT INTERFEROMETER
    3. 7.3 BASIC CHARACTERISTICS AND PERFORMANCES OF EFFPI SENSORS
    4. 7.4 APPLICATIONS OF THE EFFPI SENSOR AND RELATED TECHNIQUES
    5. PROBLEMS
    6. REFERENCES
  13. Appendices
    1. APPENDIX 1: MATHEMATICAL FORMULAS
    2. APPENDIX 2: FUNDAMENTALS OF ELASTICITY
    3. APPENDIX 3: FUNDAMENTALS OF POLARIZATION OPTICS
    4. APPENDIX 4: SPECIFICATIONS OF RELATED MATERIALS AND DEVICES
  14. Index
  15. Wiley Series In Microwave and Optical Engineering