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Fundamentals of Enterprise Risk Management by John J. HAMPTON

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CHAPTER 4CHALLENGE OF THE BLACK SWAN

RISK QUOTE: The world is getting to be such a dangerous place, a man is lucky to get out of it alive.

—W.C. FIELDS, COMEDIAN AND MOVIE STAR

RISK QUOTE: A lie can run around the world six times while the truth is still trying to put on its pants.

—MARK TWAIN, HUMORIST AND WRITER

Nassim Taleb, in his book The Black Swan (Random House, 2007), identifies a “black swan” as an event that meets three conditions. It is an outlier risk, a potential loss found outside the realm of normal expectations based on people’s understanding of the world. It has an extreme impact, presenting the possibility of great danger or change in its consequences to individuals, organizations, or societies. It is not predictable in advance ...

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