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Fundamentals of Building Construction: Materials and Methods, 5th Edition

Book Description

Now in its Fifth Edition, this essential textbook has been used by thousands of students annually in schools of architecture, engineering, and construction technology. The bestselling reference focuses on the basic materials and methods used in building construction, emphasizing common construction systems such as light wood frames, masonry bearing walls, steel frames, and reinforced concrete. New introductory material on the processes, organization, constraints, and choices in construction offers a better look at the management of construction. New sections covering the building envelope uncover the secrets to designing enclosures for thermal insulation, vapor retarders, air barriers, and moisture control. The Fifth Edition also features more axonometric detail drawings and revised photographs for a thoroughly illustrated approach and the latest IBC 2006, CSI MasterFormat, ASTM references, and LEED information.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Contents
  5. PREFACE TO THE FIFTH EDITION
  6. 1: MAKING BUILDINGS
    1. LEARNING TO BUILD
    2. SUSTAINABILITY
    3. THE WORK OF THE DESIGN PROFESSIONAL: CHOOSING BUILDING SYSTEMS
    4. CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS AND INFORMATION RESOURCES
    5. THE WORK OF THE CONSTRUCTION PROFESSIONAL: CONSTRUCTING BUILDINGS
    6. TRENDS IN THE DELIVERY OF DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION SERVICES
    7. RECURRING CONCERNS
    8. SELECTED REFERENCES
    9. WEB SITES
    10. KEY TERMS
    11. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    12. EXERCISES
  7. 2: FOUNDATIONS
    1. FOUNDATION REQUIREMENTS
    2. FOUNDATION SETTLEMENT
    3. EARTH MATERIALS
    4. EXCAVATION
    5. FOUNDATIONS
    6. UNDERPINNING
    7. RETAINING WALLS
    8. WATERPROOFING AND DRAINAGE
    9. BASEMENT INSULATION
    10. SHALLOW FROST-PROTECTED FOUNDATIONS
    11. BACKFILLING
    12. UP–DOWN CONSTRUCTION
    13. DESIGNING FOUNDATIONS
    14. FOUNDATION DESIGN AND THE BUILDING CODES
    15. SELECTED REFERENCES
    16. WEB SITES
    17. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    18. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    19. EXERCISES
  8. 3: WOOD
    1. TREES
    2. LUMBER
    3. WOOD PRODUCTS
    4. PLASTIC LUMBER
    5. WOOD PANEL PRODUCTS
    6. WOOD CHEMICAL TREATMENTS
    7. WOOD FASTENERS
    8. MANUFACTURED WOOD COMPONENTS
    9. TYPES OF WOOD CONSTRUCTION
    10. SELECTED REFERENCES
    11. WEB SITES
    12. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    13. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    14. EXERCISES
  9. 4: HEAVY TIMBER FRAME CONSTRUCTION
    1. FIRE-RESISTIVE HEAVY TIMBER CONSTRUCTION
    2. COMBUSTIBLE BUILDINGS FRAMED WITH HEAVY TIMBER
    3. LATERAL BRACING OF HEAVY TIMBER BUILDINGS
    4. BUILDING SERVICES IN HEAVY TIMBER BUILDINGS
    5. LONGER SPANS IN HEAVY TIMBER
    6. HEAVY TIMBER AND THE BUILDING CODES
    7. UNIQUENESS OF HEAVY TIMBER FRAMING
    8. SELECTED REFERENCES
    9. WEB SITES
    10. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    11. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    12. EXERCISES
  10. 5: WOOD LIGHT FRAME CONSTRUCTION
    1. HISTORY
    2. PLATFORM FRAME
    3. FOUNDATIONS FOR LIGHT FRAME STRUCTURES
    4. BUILDING THE FRAME
    5. VARIATIONS ON WOOD LIGHT FRAME CONSTRUCTION
    6. WOOD LIGHT FRAME CONSTRUCTION AND THE BUILDING CODES
    7. UNIQUENESS OF WOOD LIGHT FRAME CONSTRUCTION
    8. SELECTED REFERENCES
    9. WEB SITES
    10. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    11. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    12. EXERCISES
  11. 6: EXTERIOR FINISHES FOR WOOD LIGHT FRAME CONSTRUCTION
    1. PROTECTION FROM THE WEATHER
    2. ROOFING
    3. WINDOWS AND DOORS
    4. SIDING
    5. CORNER BOARDS AND EXTERIOR TRIM
    6. EXTERIOR CONSTRUCTION
    7. SEALING EXTERIOR JOINTS
    8. EXTERIOR PAINTING, FINISH GRADING, AND LANDSCAPING
    9. SELECTED REFERENCES
    10. WEB SITES
    11. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    12. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    13. EXERCISES
  12. 7: INTERIOR FINISHES FOR WOOD LIGHT FRAME CONSTRUCTION
    1. COMPLETING THE BUILDING ENCLOSURE
    2. WALL AND CEILING FINISH
    3. MILLWORK AND FINISH CARPENTRY
    4. FLOORING AND CERAMIC TILE WORK
    5. FINISHING TOUCHES
    6. SELECTED REFERENCES
    7. WEB SITES
    8. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    9. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    10. EXERCISES
  13. 8: BRICK MASONRY
    1. HISTORY
    2. MORTAR
    3. BRICK MASONRY
    4. MASONRY WALL CONSTRUCTION
    5. SELECTED REFERENCES
    6. WEB SITES
    7. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    8. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    9. EXERCISES
  14. 9: STONE AND CONCRETE MASONRY
    1. STONE MASONRY
    2. CONCRETE MASONRY
    3. OTHER TYPES OF MASONRY UNITS
    4. MASONRY WALL CONSRUCTION
    5. SELECTED REFERENCES
    6. WEB SITES
    7. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    8. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    9. EXERCISES
  15. 10: MASONRY WALL CONSTRUCTION
    1. TYPES OF MASONRY WALLS
    2. SPANNING SYSTEMS FOR MASONRY BEARING WALL CONSTRUCTION
    3. DETAILING MASONRY WALLS
    4. SOME SPECIAL PROBLEMS OF MASONRY CONSTRUCTION
    5. MASONRY AND THE BUILDING CODES
    6. UNIQUENESS OF MASONRY
    7. SELECTED REFERENCES
    8. WEB SITES
    9. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    10. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    11. EXERCISES
  16. 11: STEEL FRAME CONSTRUCTION
    1. HISTORY
    2. THE MATERIAL STEEL
    3. DETAILS OF STEEL FRAMING
    4. THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
    5. FIREPROOFING OF STEEL FRAMING
    6. LONGER SPANS IN STEEL
    7. COMPOSITE COLUMNS
    8. INDUSTRIALIZED SYSTEMS IN STEEL
    9. STEEL AND THE BUILDING CODES
    10. UNIQUENESS OF STEEL
    11. SELECTED REFERENCES
    12. WEB SITES
    13. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    14. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    15. EXERCISES
  17. 12: LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAME CONSTRUCTION
    1. THE CONCEPT OF LIGHT GAUGE STEEL CONSTRUCTION
    2. FRAMING PROCEDURES
    3. OTHER COMMON USES OF LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAMING
    4. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAMING
    5. LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAMING AND THE BUILDING CODES
    6. FINISHES FOR LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAMING
    7. SELECTED REFERENCES
    8. WEB SITES
    9. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    10. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    11. EXERCISES
  18. 13: CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION
    1. HISTORY
    2. CEMENT AND CONCRETE
    3. MAKING AND PLACING CONCRETE
    4. FORMWORK
    5. REINFORCING
    6. CONCRETE CREEP
    7. PRESTRESSING
    8. INNOVATIONS IN CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION
    9. ACI 301
    10. SELECTED REFERENCES
    11. WEB SITES
    12. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    13. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    14. EXERCISES
  19. 14: SITECAST CONCRETE FRAMING SYSTEMS
    1. CASTING A CONCRETE SLAB ON GRADE
    2. CASTING A CONCRETE WALL
    3. CASTING A CONCRETE COLUMN
    4. ONE-WAY FLOOR AND ROOF FRAMING SYSTEMS
    5. TWO-WAY FLOOR AND ROOF FRAMING SYSTEMS
    6. CONCRETE STAIRS
    7. SITECAST POSTTENSIONED FRAMING SYSTEMS
    8. SELECTING A SITECAST CONCRETE FRAMING SYSTEM
    9. INNOVATIONS IN SITECAST CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION
    10. ARCHITECTURAL CONCRETE
    11. LONGER SPANS IN SITECAST CONCRETE
    12. DESIGNING ECONOMICAL SITECAST CONCRETE BUILDINGS
    13. SITECAST CONCRETE AND THE BUILDING CODES
    14. UNIQUENESS OF SITECAST CONCRETE
    15. SELECTED REFERENCES
    16. WEB SITES
    17. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    18. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    19. EXERCISES
  20. 15: PRECAST CONCRETE FRAMING SYSTEMS
    1. PRECAST, PRESTRESSED CONCRETE STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS
    2. ASSEMBLY CONCEPTS FOR PRECAST CONCRETE BUILDINGS
    3. MANUFACTURE OF PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS
    4. JOINING PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENTS
    5. THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
    6. PRECAST CONCRETE AND THE BUILDING CODES
    7. UNIQUENESS OF PRECAST CONCRETE
    8. SELECTED REFERENCES
    9. WEB SITES
    10. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    11. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    12. EXERCISES
  21. 16: ROOFING
    1. LOW-SLOPE ROOFS
    2. STEEP ROOFS
    3. SUSTAINABLE ROOFING
    4. ROOFING AND THE BUILDING CODES
    5. SELECTED REFERENCES
    6. WEB SITES
    7. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    8. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    9. EXERCISES
  22. 17: GLASS AND GLAZING
    1. HISTORY
    2. THE MATERIAL GLASS
    3. GLAZING
    4. GLASS AND ENERGY
    5. GLASS AND THE BUILDING CODES
    6. SELECTED REFERENCES
    7. WEB SITES
    8. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    9. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    10. EXERCISES
  23. 18: WINDOWS AND DOORS
    1. WINDOWS
    2. DOORS
    3. SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS IN WINDOWS AND DOORS
    4. FENESTRATION TESTING AND STANDARDS
    5. SELECTED REFERENCES
    6. WEB SITES
    7. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    8. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    9. EXERCISES
  24. 19: DESIGNING EXTERIOR WALL SYSTEMS
    1. DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EXTERIOR WALL
    2. CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO WATERTIGHTNESS IN THE EXTERIOR WALL
    3. SEALANT JOINTS IN THE EXTERIOR WALL
    4. BASIC CONCEPTS OF EXTERIOR WALL SYSTEMS
    5. CURTAIN WALL TESTING AND STANDARDS
    6. THE EXTERIOR WALL AND THE BUILDING CODES
    7. SELECTED REFERENCES
    8. WEB SITES
    9. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    10. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    11. EXERCISES
  25. 20: CLADDING WITH MASONRY AND CONCRETE
    1. MASONRY VENEER CURTAIN WALLS
    2. STONE CURTAIN WALLS
    3. PRECAST CONCRETE CURTAIN WALLS
    4. EXTERIOR INSULATION AND FINISH SYSTEM
    5. FUTURE DIRECTIONS IN MASONRY AND STONE CLADDING
    6. SELECTED REFERENCES
    7. WEB SITES
    8. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    9. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    10. EXERCISES
  26. 21: CLADDING WITH METAL AND GLASS
    1. ALUMINUM EXTRUSIONS
    2. ALUMINUM AND GLASS FRAMING SYSTEMS
    3. MODES OF ASSEMBLY
    4. THE RAINSCREEN PRINCIPLE IN METAL-AND-GLASS CLADDING
    5. EXPANSION JOINTS IN METAL-AND-GLASS WALLS
    6. SLOPED GLAZING
    7. DUAL-LAYERED GLASS CLADDING
    8. CURTAIN WALL DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION: THE PROCESS
    9. SELECTED REFERENCES
    10. WEB SITES
    11. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    12. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    13. EXERCISES
  27. 22: SELECTING INTERIOR FINISHES
    1. INSTALLATION OF MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SERVICES
    2. THE SEQUENCE OF INTERIOR FINISHING OPERATIONS
    3. SELECTING INTERIOR FINISH SYSTEMS
    4. TRENDS IN INTERIOR FINISH SYSTEMS
    5. SELECTED REFERENCES
    6. WEB SITES
    7. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    8. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    9. EXERCISES
  28. 23: INTERIOR WALLS AND PARTITIONS
    1. TYPES OF INTERIOR WALLS
    2. FRAMED PARTITION SYSTEMS
    3. MASONRY PARTITION SYSTEMS
    4. WALL AND PARTITION FACINGS
    5. SELECTED REFERENCES
    6. WEB SITES
    7. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    8. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    9. EXERCISES
  29. 24: FINISH CEILINGS AND FLOORS
    1. FINISH CEILINGS
    2. TYPES OF CEILINGS
    3. FINISH FLOORING
    4. TYPES OF FINISH FLOORING MATERIALS
    5. FLOORING THICKNESS
    6. SELECTED REFERENCES
    7. WEB SITES
    8. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
    9. REVIEW QUESTIONS
    10. EXERCISES
  30. APPENDIX
  31. GLOSSARY
  32. INDEX