Big whirls have little whirls That feed on their velocity And little whirls have lesser whirls And so on to viscosity.
—Lewis Fry Richardson1
1. An English mathematician known for his contributions in the field of weather forecasting and fractals. Quotation source: Richardson, L. F., Weather Prediction by Numerical Process, Second Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 2007.
The landscape of a chemical process plant is dominated by a maze of pipes connecting various pieces of large equipment, transferring material from one point to another. Designing and optimizing this piping system requires a chemical engineer to have knowledge of the phenomena occurring in the flowing fluid. The fluid ...