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Fundamental Concepts and Computations in Chemical Engineering

Book Description

The Breakthrough Introduction to Chemical Engineering for Today’s Students

Fundamental Concepts and Computations in Chemical Engineering is well designed for today’s chemical engineering students, offering lucid and logically arranged text that brings together the fundamental knowledge students need to gain confidence and to jumpstart future success.

Dr. Vivek Utgikar illuminates the day-to-day roles of chemical engineers in their companies and in the global economy. He clearly explains what students need to learn and why they need to learn it, and presents practical computational exercises that prepare beginning students for more advanced study.

Utgikar combines straightforward discussions of essential topics with challenging topics to intrigue more well-prepared students. Drawing on extensive experience teaching beginners, he introduces each new topic in simple, relatable language, and supports them with meaningful example calculations in Microsoft Excel and Mathcad. Throughout, Utgikar presents practical methods for effective problem solving, and explains how to set up and use computation tools to get accurate answers.

Designed specifically for students entering chemical engineering programs, this text also serves as a handy, quick reference to the basics for more advanced students, and an up-to-date source of valuable information for educators and professionals.

Coverage includes

  • Where chemical engineering fits in the engineering field and overall economy

  • Modern chemical engineering and allied industries and their largest firms

  • How typical chemical engineering job functions build on what undergraduates learn

  • The importance of computations, and the use of modern computational tools

  • How to classify problems based on their mathematical nature

  • Fundamental fluid flow phenomena and computational problems in practical systems

  • Basic principles and computations of material and energy balance

  • Fundamental principles and calculations of thermodynamics and kinetics in chemical engineering

  • How chemical engineering systems and problems integrate and interrelate in the real world

  • Review of commercial process simulation software for complex, large-scale computation

  • Table of Contents

    1. About This E-Book
    2. Title Page
    3. Copyright Page
    4. Dedication Page
    5. Contents
    6. Preface
      1. Who Should Read This Book
      2. How This Book Is Organized
    7. Acknowledgments
    8. About the Author
    9. Chapter 1. The Chemical Engineering Profession
      1. 1.1 Engineering and Engineers
      2. 1.2 Engineering Disciplines
      3. 1.3 Defining Chemical Engineering
      4. 1.4 Roles and Responsibilities of a Chemical Engineer
      5. 1.5 Employment of Chemical Engineers
      6. 1.6 Summary
      7. References
      8. Problems
    10. Chapter 2. Chemical and Allied Industries
      1. 2.1 Classification of Industries
      2. 2.2 The Chemical Industry
        1. 2.2.1 Basic Inorganic Chemicals
        2. 2.2.2 Industrial Gases
        3. 2.2.3 Basic Organic Chemicals and Petrochemicals
        4. 2.2.4 Fertilizer Products
        5. 2.2.5 Polymer Products
        6. 2.2.6 Pharmaceutical Products
        7. 2.2.7 Other Chemical Products
      3. 2.3 Related Industries
        1. 2.3.1 Paper Products
        2. 2.3.2 Petroleum and Coal Products
        3. 2.3.3 Plastics and Rubber Products
        4. 2.3.4 Other Related Industries
      4. 2.4 Top 50 Chemical Companies
      5. 2.5 Important Chemical Products
        1. 2.5.1 Sulfuric Acid
        2. 2.5.2 Caustic Soda and Chlorine
        3. 2.5.3 Nitrogen and Oxygen
        4. 2.5.4 Hydrogen and Carbon Dioxide
        5. 2.5.5 Ammonia
        6. 2.5.6 Soda Ash (Sodium Carbonate)
        7. 2.5.7 Ethylene and Propylene
        8. 2.5.8 Benzene, Toluene, and Xylenes
      6. 2.6 Characteristics of Chemical Industries
      7. 2.7 Summary
      8. References
      9. Problems
    11. Chapter 3. Making of a Chemical Engineer
      1. 3.1 A Chemical Process Plant: Synthesis of Ammonia
      2. 3.2 Responsibilities and Functions of a Chemical Engineer
      3. 3.3 Chemical Engineering Curriculum
        1. 3.3.1 Advanced Chemical Engineering Courses
        2. 3.3.2 Fundamental Chemical Engineering Courses
        3. 3.3.3 Engineering Science Courses
        4. 3.3.4 Fundamental Science and Mathematics Courses
        5. 3.3.5 General Education Courses
      4. 3.4 Summary
      5. References
      6. Problems
    12. Chapter 4. Introduction to Computations in Chemical Engineering
      1. 4.1 Nature of Chemical Engineering Computational Problems
        1. 4.1.1 Algebraic Equations
        2. 4.1.2 Transcendental Equations
        3. 4.1.3 Ordinary Differential Equations
        4. 4.1.4 Partial Differential Equations
        5. 4.1.5 Integral Equations
        6. 4.1.6 Regression Analysis and Interpolation
      2. 4.2 Solution Algorithms
        1. 4.2.1 Linear Algebraic Equations
        2. 4.2.2 Polynomial and Transcendental Equations
        3. 4.2.3 Derivatives and Differential Equations
        4. 4.2.4 Regression Analysis
        5. 4.2.5 Integration
      3. 4.3 Computational Tools—Machines and Software
        1. 4.3.1 Computational Machines
        2. 4.3.2 Software
      4. 4.4 Summary
      5. References
      6. Problems
    13. Chapter 5. Computations in Fluid Flow
      1. 5.1 Qualitative Description of Flow in Conduits
        1. 5.1.1 Velocity Profiles in Laminar and Turbulent Flows
      2. 5.2 Quantitative Analysis of Fluid Flow
        1. 5.2.1 Energy Balance for Fluid Flow
        2. 5.2.2 Viscosity
        3. 5.2.3 Reynolds Number
        4. 5.2.4 Pressure Drop Across a Flow Conduit
      3. 5.3 Basic Computational Problems
      4. 5.4 Summary
      5. References
      6. Problems
    14. Chapter 6. Material Balance Computations
      1. 6.1 Quantitative Principles of Material Balance
        1. 6.1.1 Overall Material Balance
        2. 6.1.2 Component Material Balance
      2. 6.2 Material Balances in Nonreacting Systems
      3. 6.3 Material Balances in Reacting Systems
      4. 6.4 Material Balances over Multiple Process Units
      5. 6.5 Summary
      6. References
      7. Problems
    15. Chapter 7. Energy Balance Computations
      1. 7.1 Quantitative Principles of Energy Balance
        1. 7.1.1 Forms of Energy
        2. 7.1.2 Generalized Energy Balance
        3. 7.1.3 Enthalpy and Heat Capacity
        4. 7.1.4 Enthalpy Changes in Processes
      2. 7.2 Basic Energy Balance Problems
      3. 7.3 Summary
      4. References
      5. Problems
    16. Chapter 8. Computations in Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics
      1. 8.1 Fundamental Concepts of Thermodynamics
        1. 8.1.1 System Definition, Properties, and State
        2. 8.1.2 Internal Energy and Entropy
        3. 8.1.3 Enthalpy and Free Energies
        4. 8.1.4 Property Changes in Transformations
        5. 8.1.5 Chemical Potential and Equilibrium
        6. 8.1.6 Volumetric Behavior of Substances
        7. 8.1.7 Nonideality
      2. 8.2 Basic Computational Problems
      3. 8.3 Summary
      4. References
      5. Problems
    17. Chapter 9. Computations in Chemical Engineering Kinetics
      1. 9.1 Fundamental Concepts of Chemical Engineering Kinetics
        1. 9.1.1 Intrinsic Kinetics and Reaction Rate Parameters
        2. 9.1.2 Batch and Continuous Reactors
        3. 9.1.3 Reactor Design
        4. 9.1.4 Conversion
        5. 9.1.5 Other Considerations
      2. 9.2 Basic Computational Problems
      3. 9.3 Summary
      4. References
      5. Problems
    18. Epilogue
    19. Appendix A. Introduction to Mathematical Software Packages
      1. A.1 Example 9.2.2 Revisited
        1. A.1.1 POLYMATH Solution
        2. A.1.2 MATLAB Solution
      2. A.2 Comparison of Software Packages
        1. A.2.1 Variables and Basic Operations
        2. A.2.2 Equation Solving, Symbolic Computations, Plots, and Regression
        3. A.2.3 Programming
        4. A.2.4 User Interface and Ease of Use
      3. A.3 Summary
      4. References
    20. Appendix B. Computations Using Process Simulation Software
      1. B.1 Problem Statement: Adiabatic Flash Operation
      2. B.2 Theoretical Background and Solution Procedure
        1. B.2.1 Theoretical Background
        2. B.2.2 Solution Procedure
      3. B.3 Solution and Analysis of Results
        1. B.3.1 Simulation Using SRK Model
        2. B.3.2 Comparison of Results with Ideal Behavior
      4. B.4 Summary
      5. References
    21. Index