You are previewing Functional Textiles for Improved Performance, Protection and Health.
O'Reilly logo
Functional Textiles for Improved Performance, Protection and Health

Book Description

The textile industry is increasingly based on ongoing innovation and development of higher performance products, and the field of functional textiles is no exception. This book explores the development of textiles with a wide range of functions, with the aim of improving the performance of the product in terms of the protection and health benefits that it can offer.

The book is split into two parts. Part one focuses on functional textiles for improved performance and protection, with chapters reviewing antistatic, flame retardant and infrared functional textiles, among many others. Chapters in part two examine the uses of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles and insect-repellent materials.

With its distinguished editors and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, Functional textiles for improved performance, protection and health is invaluable for textile scientists, technologists and engineers as well as those designing and manufacturing textiles. It is also a suitable reference for the academic sector.

  • Examines the use of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles and insect-repellent materials
  • Topics range from textile chemicals and their interaction with skin to novel pesticide protective clothing
  • Considers anti-ultraviolet protection of clothing and flame retardant textiles

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles
  7. Preface
  8. Part I: Functional textiles and clothing for improved performance and protection
    1. Chapter 1: Improved textile functionality through surface modifications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 Types of surface modification
      4. 1.3 Physical and chemical characterization of surface modifications
      5. 1.4 Applications for functional textiles
      6. 1.5 Future trends
    2. Chapter 2: Antistatic and conductive textiles
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Principles of antistatic and conductive textiles
      4. 2.3 The role of antistatic and conductive textiles
      5. 2.4 Types of antistatic and conductive textiles
      6. 2.5 Evaluation of antistatic and conductive textiles
      7. 2.6 Future trends
      8. 2.7 Sources of further information and advice
    3. Chapter 3: Ultraviolet protection of clothing
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 In vitro and in vivo testing of the UV protection factor
      4. 3.3 Standards for sun-protective clothing
      5. 3.4 Type and construction of fabric
      6. 3.5 Fabric color, dyes and UV absorbers
      7. 3.6 Effects of environment and fabric use on UV protection factor
      8. 3.7 Conclusions and outlook
    4. Chapter 4: 3D body imaging and fit for functional textiles
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 3D body imaging – stereovision
      4. 4.3 Surface modeling
      5. 4.4 Virtual dressing
      6. 4.5 Sewability and fit assessment
      7. 4.6 Future trends
      8. 4.7 Acknowledgement
    5. Chapter 5: Flame retardant functional textiles
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Factors affecting flammability and thermal behavior of textile fibers and fabrics
      4. 5.3 Types, chemistry and mode of action of flame retardant additives
      5. 5.4 Flame retardation of textile materials
      6. 5.5 Environmental issues related to flame retardants
      7. 5.6 Test standards for flame retardant textiles
    6. Chapter 6: Functional shape memory textiles
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Shape memory mechanisms of SMAs
      4. 6.3 Applications of SMAs in textiles
      5. 6.4 Shape memory mechanisms of SMPs
      6. 6.5 Applications of SMPs in textiles
      7. 6.6 Future trends
    7. Chapter 7: Thermo-regulating textiles with phase-change materials
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Concept of thermal comfort and clothing for cold environments
      4. 7.3 How PCMs work
      5. 7.4 Thermo-physiological comfort for PCM incorporated textiles
      6. 7.5 Different types of PCMs
      7. 7.6 Incorporation of PCM in textile structure
      8. 7.7 Applications of PCM incorporated textiles
      9. 7.8 Challenges of PCM in textiles
      10. 7.9 Acknowledgement
    8. Chapter 8: Infrared functional textiles
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction and overview
      3. 8.2 Principles of IR
      4. 8.3 FIR therapy
      5. 8.4 The role of FIR in relation to functional textiles
      6. 8.5 Applications
      7. 8.6 Benefits and limitations
      8. 8.7 Conclusions and future trends
      9. 8.9 Acknowledgements
    9. Chapter 9: Functional smart textiles using stimuli-sensitive polymers
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Stimuli-sensitive polymers
      4. 9.3 Drawbacks and limitations of current SSP/hydrogels
      5. 9.4 Smart functional textiles
      6. 9.5 Conclusions
    10. Chapter 10: Development and design of performance swimwear
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Development of performance swimwear
      4. 10.3 Biomechanics of swimming
      5. 10.4 Effect of innovative swimwear on swimming performance
      6. 10.5 Future trends in innovative performance swimwear
      7. 10.6 Sources of further information and advice
      8. 10.7 Acknowledgements
    11. Chapter 11: Key elements of protection for military textiles
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Camouflage
      4. 11.3 Ballistics
      5. 11.4 Toxic chemicals
      6. 11.5 Conclusions
    12. Chapter 12: Developments in clothing protection technology
      1. Abstract:
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Key issues of protective clothing
      4. 12.3 Developments in clothing protection
      5. 12.4 Future trends
  9. Part II: Functional textiles for improved medical and health purposes
    1. Chapter 13: New developments in functional medical textiles and their mechanism of action
      1. Abstract:
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 Extracorporeals and implantables
      4. 13.3 Structure and composition: role of functionality in implantables
      5. 13.4 The role of biomolecules in conferring bioactive function
      6. 13.5 Non-implantables: wound dressings, pressure ulcers, hemorrhage control
    2. Chapter 14: Improving superhydrophobic coatings for textiles through chemical modifications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 14.1 Introduction
      3. 14.2 Key principles of superhydrophobic textiles
      4. 14.3 Chemical modifications for fabricating rough surfaces on textiles
      5. 14.4 Hydrophobization for lowering the surface energy of roughened textiles
      6. 14.5 Nanoscaled coating of materials with low surface energy
      7. 14.6 Applications
      8. 14.7 Future trends
    3. Chapter 15: Improving superhydrophobic textile materials
      1. Abstract:
      2. 15.1 Introduction
      3. 15.2 Physical modification for superhydrophobic textiles
      4. 15.3 Applications
      5. 15.4 Future trends
    4. Chapter 16: Antibacterial textile materials for medical applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 16.1 Introduction
      3. 16.2 Principles of antimicrobial textiles
      4. 16.3 The development of antibacterial textiles
      5. 16.4 Performance of antibacterial textiles
      6. 16.5 New antimicrobial technologies
      7. 16.6 Applications of antimicrobial textiles
      8. 16.7 Future trends
      9. 16.8 Acknowledgments
    5. Chapter 17: Antibacterial colorants for textiles
      1. Abstract:
      2. 17.1 Introduction
      3. 17.2 Synthetic antibacterial colorants
      4. 17.3 Natural antimicrobial colorants
      5. 17.4 Antimicrobial colorants from micro-organisms
      6. 17.5 Photo-activated antimicrobial colorants
    6. Chapter 18: Pyrethroid-laden textiles for protection from biting insects
      1. Abstract:
      2. 18.1 Introduction
      3. 18.2 Key issues of insecticide-laden textiles
      4. 18.3 Factory-produced LLINs and textiles for protection from biting insects
      5. 18.4 In situ treatment of bednets and other textiles to enable protection from biting insects
      6. 18.5 Future trends
      7. 18.6 Sources of further information and advice
    7. Chapter 19: Improving the functionality of clothing through novel pesticide protection
      1. Abstract:
      2. 19.1 Introduction to human exposure
      3. 19.2 Mechanisms for chemical protection
      4. 19.3 Development of novel pesticide-protective clothing
    8. Chapter 20: Biomechanics in skin/clothing interactions
      1. Abstract:
      2. 20.1 Introduction
      3. 20.2 An explicit finite element model of skin/sleeve interactions during arm rotation
      4. 20.3 Skin friction blistering: computer model
    9. Chapter 21: Transdermal permeation of textile dyes and chemicals
      1. Abstract:
      2. 21.1 Introduction
      3. 21.2 Key issues of textile dyes/chemicals and skin irritations
      4. 21.3 An in vitro study of transdermal drug permeation
      5. 21.4 Stochastic modeling for transdermal drug delivery
      6. 21.5 Conclusion
  10. Index