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Frontiers of Test Validity Theory by Denny Borsboom, Keith A. Markus

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7    Causation, Correlation, and Reflective Measurement Models

Connections With Other Chapters

Chapter 5 considered behavior domains as an alternative to causal measurement models. Chapter 6 considered various causal measurement models. A primary distinction from chapter 6 involves the distinction between reflective measurement models in which latent variables cause their indicators and formative measurement models in which indices cause their latent variables. The present chapter focuses primarily on the former, leaving formative measurement models and various alternatives to chapter 8. The present chapter also develops the distinction between statistically unidimensional models and causally unidimensional models mentioned in chapter 6. Statistical ...

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