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Frontiers of Test Validity Theory by Denny Borsboom, Keith A. Markus

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5    Test Scores as Samples

Behavior Domain Theory

Connections With Other Chapters

In chapter 3, generalizability theory was introduced. This theory interprets test scores as samples from a universe of observations. The corresponding conceptualization of the relation between test score and construct is given by behavior domain theory. This theory is interesting because it appears compatible with an approach to validity that makes no reference to causation. The present chapter develops such an interpretation and investigates its tenability. It is argued that behavior domain theory relies on implicit causal relationships, albeit minimal, to allow stable generalizations from test score to behavior domain. In addition, it is compatible with causal ...

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