The Case Against Flashbulb Memories
Neisser (1982), in a critical appraisal of Brown and Kulik (1977), argued that most of the assumptions of the FMH were either wrong or questionable. Instead, Neisser proposed an alternative theory that could account for both Brown and Kulik’s data and for other FM findings. The first part of this chapter reviews Neisser’s criticisms of Brown and Kulik and the second part evaluates recent studies that have been critical of the FMH.
Neisser (1982) criticised the FMH on four counts—accuracy, encoding, consequentiality and content—and he also queried Brown and Kulik’s evolutionary account of the function of FMs. On accuracy Neisser argued that at least some FMs may not be accurate ...