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Finite Element Method with Applications in Engineering by T. L. Eldho, Y. M. Desai

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6.9 BEAM ELEMENT

A beam is a long, slender structural member generally subjected to transverse loading that produces significant bending effects as opposed to twisting or axial effects. A continuous beam can be modelled by employing 2-node beam elements. To derive equations of a beam element, it is important to briefly review classical beam theory.

 

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Figure 6.25 (a) Beam subjected to transverse loading, (b) Beam theory sign conventions

6.9.1 Review of Beam Theory

Consider the simply supported beam shown in Figure 6.25. The beam is of length L with axial co-ordinate x and transverse local co-ordinate y.

In Figure 6.25, fy(x) = transverse loading, ...

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