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FEAC™ Certified Enterprise Architect CEA Study Guide by Beryl Bellman, Ann Reedy, Prakash Rao

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2.1 The Importance of Culture

It is a common assertion that while all humans have culture, it is something learned and, in the case of national and ethnic cultures, passed down from generations. At the same time, many social scientists argue that it is culture that makes us unique, and all human behavior is cultural. Culture is like language (and expressed within it) in that every human society has language and its possession as a symbolic mode of representation is one of the distinguishing features of being human. As with language, the structure of culture functions at an underlying level, and is, as organizational culture theorist Geert Hofstede subtitled one of his books, “software of the mind” (Hofstrede, 2004).

As Hofstede explains, culture ...

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