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FEAC™ Certified Enterprise Architect CEA Study Guide

Book Description

The best fully integrated study system available

Filled with practice questions, examples, and illustrations, FEAC Certified Enterprise Architect CEA Study Guide covers what you need to know–and shows you how to prepare–for this challenging exam.

• 100% complete coverage of all official objectives for the FEAC CEA exam

• Modeling techniques for enterprise architecture implementations

• Enterprise architecture case study: Richard M. Nixon Airport

• Simulated exam questions that match the format, tone, topics, and difficulty of the real exam

Covers all the exam topics, including:

Enterprise Architecute Concepts * Planning, Implementating, and Disseminating the EA * Maintaining, Governing, and Using the EA * All Viewpoint * Strategic/Capability Viewpoint * Porject Viewpoint * Operational Viewpoint * Systems Viewpoint * Services Viewpoint * Data and Information Viewpoint * Technology and Standards Viewpoint * EA in Government, Defense, and the Commercial Sector * EA Tools and Repositories

CD-ROM includes:

• CEA-oriented practicums

• Practice exams for the FEAC FEAF and DoDAF programs and a list of study questions

• Major documentation for the FEAF and DoDAF programs

• E-book for studying on the go

Prakash Rao, MS, CEA, is chief architect at Metadata Management Corporation. He teaches Enterprise Architecture at the FEAC Institute.

Ann Reedy, Ph.D., worked on the development and editing of the early version of the DoD Architecture Framework at MITRE and teaches DoD Architecture Framework for the FEAC Institute.

Beryl Bellman, Ph.D., is co-founder and academic director of the FEAC Institute and a tenured full professor of Communication Studies at California State University at Los Angeles. He has more than 25 years' consulting experience in the EA field.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. FEAC™ Certified Enterprise Architect CEA Study Guide
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Dedication
  5. About The Authors
  6. Contents at a Glance
  7. Contents
  8. Foreword
  9. Acknowledgments
  10. Preface
  11. Introduction
  12. Part I Foundation Concepts
    1. 1.1 Why EA and Why This Book
      1. Emergence of EA
        1. Early 1990s: Emergence of the CIO as an Executive Role and a Seat for IT at the Table
        2. 1994: Federal IT Expenditure Was on the GAO’s Radar
        3. 1996: Clinger-Cohen Act: The ITMRA Compliance Threat
        4. What About the Nonfinancial Issues That Plagued the CIO?
        5. 1999: Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF)
        6. 1999–2000: The Y2K Threat
        7. 2001: The Disaster Recovery Threat
        8. Today: Current Enterprise Challenges
      2. The Case for Enterprise Architecture
      3. Communication
        1. Unifying Architecture Frameworks
        2. A Rich Set of Models
        3. Transformation
        4. Addressing a Family of Problems and Solutions Simultaneously
        5. Enterprise Architecture Certification
      4. The Relevance of This Text to Other EA Certifications
        1. Zachman Institute Certification
        2. The Open Group Certification
        3. Certification Process and Certificates
        4. FEAC Certification Process
      5. Learning Objectives for This Book
      6. Scope of the FEAC Certification Syllabus
        1. Formal Coursework
        2. Practicum Project
      7. Questions
      8. Reference List
    2. 1.2 Enterprise Architecture Concepts
      1. Enterprise
      2. Segments
      3. Initiatives and Solutions
      4. Architecture
        1. Architectural Description
        2. Implicit and Explicit Architectural Descriptions
        3. Benefits of an Explicit Architecture
      5. Architecture Viewpoints
        1. Governance Viewpoint
        2. Project Viewpoint
        3. Capability Viewpoint
        4. Operational Viewpoint
      6. Architecture Models
      7. Enterprise Architecture
      8. Architecture Framework
        1. Benefits of Architecture Frameworks
      9. Example Architecture Frameworks
        1. Zachman Framework
        2. Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF)
        3. Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) Version 2.0
        4. The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF)
        5. Other Frameworks
      10. Questions
      11. Reference List
    3. 1.3 Enterprise Architecting
      1. Scope of the Enterprise Architecture
        1. Enterprise Level
        2. Segment Level
        3. Solution Level
      2. The Six Step Process
        1. Step 1: Determine the Intended Use of the Architecture
        2. Step 2: Determine the Scope of the Architecture
        3. Step 3: Determine the Data Needed to Support Architecture Development
        4. Step 4: Collect, Organize, Correlate, and Store Architecture Data
        5. Step 5: Conduct Analysis in Support of Architecture Objectives
        6. Step 6: Document Results in Accordance with Decision-Maker Needs
      3. Architecting the Business Domain
      4. Architecting the IT and Infrastructure Domain
        1. System Viewpoint
        2. Service Viewpoint
        3. Communications Infrastructure
      5. Questions
      6. Reference List
  13. Part II Architecture Development and Use
    1. 2.1 The Importance of Culture
      1. The Relevance of Culture to Enterprise Architecture
      2. Enacting Organizations
      3. Three Levels of Culture (Edgar Schein)
      4. Locating Culture as Business Rules
      5. The Emergence of Culture
      6. Perspectives on Culture
      7. Questions
      8. End Note
      9. Reference List
    2. 2.2 Planning the EA
      1. Scoping the Architecture Work
        1. Purpose
        2. Scope
        3. Identifying Needed Data
        4. Determine What Models to Use: How to Organize and Correlate Data
        5. Planning Examples
        6. Success Factors in Scoping the Architecture Work
      2. Planning the Architecture Project
        1. The Project Plan
        2. What Is to Be Done
        3. Who Is Responsible
        4. How the Work Will Be Done: Managerial and Technical Approaches
        5. When Will the Work Be Done
        6. Summary of Project Planning
      3. Success Factors for Planning
      4. Summary of Six Step Process Advice
      5. Questions
      6. Reference List
    3. 2.3 Implementing the Enterprise Architecture
      1. Statement of Work (SOW)
        1. Title
        2. Project Background
        3. Project Description and Scope
        4. Architecture Vision
        5. Management Approach
        6. Change Procedures
        7. Responsibilities and Deliverables
        8. Acceptance Criteria and Procedures
        9. High-Level Project Schedule
        10. Support/Automated Environment and Tools
      2. Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)
      3. Implementation Steps
        1. Architecture Development Methodology/Process
        2. EA Lifecycle
      4. Data Strategies
        1. Data Management Strategy
        2. Data Validation Strategy
        3. Data Dissemination Strategy
      5. Risk Management
        1. Risk Management Planning
        2. Risk Identification
        3. Risk Assessment
        4. Risk Quantification
        5. Risk Response Planning
        6. Risk Monitoring and Control
      6. Questions
      7. Reference List
    4. 2.4 Disseminating the Enterprise Architecture
      1. Identifying the Audience for Architecture Dissemination
        1. Architecture Sponsors
        2. Architecture Team Members
        3. Architecture Stakeholders
        4. Executive Management
        5. Business Partners, Suppliers, Customers, and Agents
        6. Reusers
        7. Communities of Interest/Communities of Practice
      2. Fit-for-Purpose Displays
      3. Preparing for Dissemination
      4. Communicating the Contents of an Enterprise Architecture
        1. Dissemination to Another Receiving Enterprise Repository or Registry
        2. Dissemination Between Automated Computer Systems Applications
        3. Dissemination to People
      5. Architecture Presentation Techniques
        1. Choosing an Appropriate Presentation Technique
        2. Fit-for-Purpose View Display Formats
        3. Standardized View Display Formats
      6. Delivery of Dissemination
        1. Web Delivery
        2. Architecture Website/Web Portal
        3. Discovery Services
        4. Export/Import Files
        5. Repository Services
      7. Questions
      8. Reference List
    5. 2.5 Maintaining the Enterprise Architecture
      1. Rate and Degree of Change of Architecture Elements
        1. Variation by Architecture Object Type
        2. Variation by Enterprise Nature
        3. Variations Introduced by Nonlinear Events
        4. A Change Response Model for Reference Models
      2. Who Is Responsible for Maintenance?
      3. Planning the Cost of Maintenance
        1. The Business Case for EA Maintenance
      4. Periodic Architecture Reassessment
        1. The Need for Periodic Reassessment
        2. Models Must Reflect Reality—Always
        3. Leverage Solution Architectures to Grow the EA
        4. Ensure That Business Direction and Processes Reflect Operations
        5. Ensure That the Current Architecture Reflects System Evolution
        6. Evaluate Legacy System Maintenance Requirements Against the Sequencing Plan
        7. Maintain the Sequencing Plan as an Integrated Program Plan
        8. Continue to Consider Proposals for EA Modifications
      5. TOGAF 9 ADM Phase H: Architecture Change Management
      6. Questions
      7. Reference List
    6. 2.6 Governing the Enterprise Architecture
      1. Governance Framework
        1. Leadership
        2. Investment
        3. Organization
        4. Principles and Policies
        5. Processes
        6. Tools and Methods
        7. Measurements
      2. EA Maturity Assessment
      3. GAO EA Management Maturity Assessment Framework (EAMMF)
        1. The Five Stages of Maturity
        2. The Critical Attributes
      4. Other Maturity Assessment Models
        1. The Ross, Weill, and Robertson Model in Enterprise Architecture as Strategy
        2. OMB EA Assessment Framework
        3. Gartner EA Maturity Assessment Framework
      5. Security and Access and Privacy Issues
      6. EA Standards Compliance
      7. Architecture Governance in TOGAF (TOGAF 9)
        1. Organizational Structure for Architecture Governance
        2. Key Architecture Governance Processes
      8. Questions
      9. Reference List
    7. 2.7 Using the EA
      1. Dimensions of Enterprise Transformation
        1. Zachman Framework Dimensions of Change
        2. DoD Dimensions of Enterprise Change
        3. Changes to Multiple Dimensions
      2. Using EA in Capital Planning and Investment Control (CPIC)
        1. EA in the Investment Management Process
        2. EA in Investment Management Maturity
      3. Using EA in Reorganization
        1. “Pure” Reorganization
        2. Organizational Transformation in Conjunction with Other Transformations
      4. Transition Planning
      5. Security
      6. Questions
      7. Reference List
  14. Part III Viewpoints and Models
    1. 3.1 Introduction to Viewpoints and Models
      1. Models
        1. Examples of Models
      2. Models Versus Pictures
      3. Viewpoints and Interests
        1. IEEE 1471 Definitions of Viewpoints and Views (IEEE 1471)
        2. TOGAF Definitions of Viewpoints and Views (TOGAF 9-2009)
        3. DoDAF 2 Definition of Viewpoints and Views
      4. Integrated Architecture Development
      5. Federated Architecture
      6. Frameworks and Viewpoints
        1. Zachman Framework
        2. DoD Architecture Framework
        3. Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF)
        4. Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA)
        5. The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF)
        6. Office of Management and Budget
      7. Methodologies
        1. Integrated Definition Language (IDEF)
        2. Unified Modeling Language (UML)
        3. Universal Profile for DoDAF and MoDAF
        4. Activity-Based Methodology (ABM)
        5. Architecture Development Method (ADM)
        6. DoDAF Six Step Architecting Process
        7. Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN)
      8. Model Representations
        1. DoDAF Viewpoints and Model Types
        2. Core Model Set
        3. Supporting Model Set
      9. Overarching Context of the Example Models
      10. Modeling Section Summary
      11. Questions
      12. Reference List
    2. 3.2 All Viewpoint
      1. Architecture Overview and Summary
      2. AV-1 Architecture Overview and Summary
      3. Richard M. Nixon Airport Enterprise Architecture (RMN-EA) Architecture Overview and Summary (AV-1)
        1. Executive Summary
        2. Architecture Identification
        3. Architecture Purpose
        4. Stakeholders
        5. Geographical Considerations
        6. Information and Technology Infrastructure
        7. Management and Governance
        8. The Way Forward
        9. Questions Architecture Will Answer
        10. Proposed Analysis That Architecture Will Support
        11. Nature of Decision Support Required
        12. Nature of Solution to Be Provided
        13. Architecture Development
        14. Development Conventions, Methodologies, Standards, and Practices
        15. Architecture Key Drivers and Goals
        16. Architecture Scope
        17. Assumptions and Constraints
        18. Architecture-Specific Stakeholders
        19. Mapping of Models to EA Goals and Drivers
        20. Enterprise Architecture Development Approach
        21. Development Methods and Techniques
        22. Tools, Repository, Security, and Data Management
        23. Related Architecture Developments and Dependencies
        24. Architecture Release Schedule
        25. Findings and Recommendations
        26. Appendices
      4. AV-2 Integrated Data Dictionary
      5. Questions
      6. Reference List
    3. 3.3 Strategic/Capability Viewpoint
      1. Government Performance Results Act (GPRA)
        1. Balanced Scorecard
        2. Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS)
        3. TOGAF 9 Support for Capability and Strategy
      2. Capability Viewpoint Integrated Models
      3. CV-1 Vision
        1. Example 1: RMN Enterprise CV-1
      4. CV-2 Capability Taxonomy
        1. Example 1: RMN Terminal Operations CV-2
        2. Example 2: Passenger Processing CV-2
        3. Example 3: Passenger Identification CV-2
      5. CV-3 Capability Phasing
        1. CV-3 Example
      6. CV-4 Capability Dependencies
        1. CV-4 Example
      7. CV-5 Capability to Organizational Development Mapping
        1. Example
      8. CV-6 Capability to Operational Activities Mapping
        1. Example: Passenger Identification CV-6
      9. CV-7 Capability to Services Mapping
        1. Example: Passenger Identification CV-7
      10. Questions
      11. Reference List
    4. 3.4 Project Viewpoint
      1. Project Viewpoint Integrated Models
      2. PV-1 Project Portfolio Relationships
        1. Example: Passenger Identification PV-1
      3. PV-2 Project Timelines
        1. Example: Passenger Identification PV-2
      4. PV-3 Project to Capability Mapping
        1. Example: Passenger Identification CV-3 Project to Capability Mapping
      5. Questions
      6. Reference List
    5. 3.5 Operational Viewpoint
      1. Aspects of the Operational Viewpoint
        1. Concept of Operations
        2. Process or Activity Aspect
        3. Resource and Information Flows
        4. Organizational Relationships
        5. Operational Behaviors
      2. TOGAF 9 Support for the Operational Viewpoint
      3. Operational Viewpoint Integrated Models
      4. OV-1 High-Level Operational Concept Graphic
        1. Example: Passenger Identification OV-1
      5. OV-2 Operational Resource Flow Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification OV-2
      6. OV-3 Operational Resource Flow Matrix
        1. Example: Passenger Identification OV-3
      7. OV-4 Organizational Relationships Chart
        1. Example 1: RMN Terminal Operations Division Organization Relationships Chart
        2. Example 2: Passenger Identification OV-4
      8. OV-5a and OV-5b Operational Activity Decomposition/Model
        1. Example 1: Functional Decomposition of Richard M. Nixon Airport’s Enterprise Business Functions
        2. Example 2: Passenger Identification OV-5a
        3. Example 3: Passenger Identification OV-5b
      9. OV-6a Operational Rules Model
        1. Example: Passenger Identification Rules Model OV-6a (Fragment)
      10. OV-6b State Transition Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification OV-6b
      11. OV-6c Event-Trace Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification OV-6c
      12. Questions
      13. Reference List
    6. 3.6 Systems Viewpoint
      1. Aspects of the Systems Viewpoint
        1. System Resource Flows/Information Exchanges
        2. Systems Functionality
        3. Systems Connectivity
        4. Systems Traceability to Operational Usefulness
        5. Systems Performance Specification
        6. Systems Evolution
        7. Systems Operating Platforms
        8. Systems Behavioral Models
      2. Systems Viewpoint Integrated Models
      3. SV-1 Systems Interface Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SV-1
      4. SV-2 Systems Resource Flow Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SV-2
      5. SV-3 System-to-System Matrix
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SV-3
      6. SV-4 Systems Functionality Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SV-4
      7. SV-5a and b Operational Activity to Systems-to-System Functions Traceability Matrix
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SV-5a
        2. Example: Passenger Identification SV-5b
      8. SV-6 Systems Resource Flow Matrix
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SV-6
      9. SV-7 Systems Measures Matrix
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SV-7
      10. SV-8 Systems Evolution Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SV-8
      11. SV-9 Systems Technology and Skills Forecast
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SV-9
      12. SV-10a Systems Rules Model
      13. SV-10b Systems State Transition Model
      14. SV-10c Systems Event-Trace Description
      15. Questions
      16. Reference List
    7. 3.7 Services Viewpoint
      1. The Service-Oriented Framework
        1. Service Resource Flows and Information Exchanges
        2. Services Functionality
        3. Services Connectivity
        4. Services Traceability to Operational Usefulness
        5. Services Performance Specification
        6. Services Evolution
        7. Services Operating Platforms
        8. Services Behavioral Models
      2. Services Viewpoint Integrated Models
      3. SvcV-1 Services Context Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SvcV-1
      4. SvcV-2 Services Resource Flow Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SvcV-2
      5. SvcV-3 a, b Systems-Service and Services-Service Matrices
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SvcV-3
      6. SvcV-4 Services Functionality Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SvcV-4 (Functional Decomposition)
      7. SvcV-5 Operational Activity to Services Traceability Matrix
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SvcV-5
      8. SvcV-6 Services Resource Flow Matrix
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SvcV-6
      9. SvcV-7 Services Measures Matrix
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SvcV-7
      10. SvcV-8 Services Evolution Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SvcV-8
      11. SvcV-9 Services Technology and Skills Forecast
      12. SvcV-10a Services Rules Model
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SvcV-10a
      13. SvcV-10b Services State Transition Description
        1. Example: Passenger Identification SvcV-10b
      14. SvcV-10c Services Event-Trace Description
      15. Questions
      16. Reference List
    8. 3.8 Data and Information Viewpoint
      1. What Is the Difference Between Data and Information?
      2. Ontology
      3. Taxonomy
      4. Controlled Vocabularies
      5. FEA Data Reference Model
        1. Data Context
        2. Data Description
        3. Data Sharing
      6. DIV-1 Conceptual Data Model (Semantic Data Model)
      7. DIV-2 Logical Data Model (Key-Based/Fully Attributed Logical Data Model)
      8. DIV-3 Physical Schema
      9. Relationships Between the Data and Information Viewpoint Integrated Models
      10. DIV-1 Conceptual Data Model
        1. Example: Passenger Identification DIV-1
      11. DIV-2 Logical Data Model
        1. Example: Passenger Identification DIV-2
      12. DIV-3 Physical Data Model
        1. Example: Passenger Identification Model DIV-3
      13. Questions
      14. Reference List
    9. 3.9 Technology and Standards Viewpoint
      1. Standards Viewpoint Integrated Models
      2. StdV-1 Standards Profile
        1. Example: Passenger Identification StdV-1
      3. StdV-2 Standards Forecast
        1. Example: Passenger Identification StdV-2
      4. Questions
      5. Reference List
  15. Part IV EA Examples
    1. 4.1 EA in Government
      1. Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996
      2. The Government Performance and Results Act (GRPA)
      3. Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF)
        1. The Influence of the Zachman Framework
        2. The Influence of NIST
      4. Treasury Enterprise Architecture Framework (TEAF)
      5. The Federal Enterprise Architecting Process
        1. The OMB FEA Reference Models
        2. The Federal Segment Architecture Methodology (FSAM)
        3. Rapid Segment Architecture Methodology (RSAM)
        4. The Future of EA in Government
      6. EA Assessment Tools
        1. EAMMF
        2. EAAF
      7. Questions
      8. Reference List
    2. 4.2 Enterprise Architecting in Defense
      1. The DoD Enterprise
        1. Enterprise Challenges
        2. Enterprise Initiatives
        3. DoD Architecting Levels
        4. DoD Architecture Framework
      2. DoD Business Processes Supported by the DoDAF
        1. JCIDS and Capability-Based Assessment (JCIDS/CBA)
        2. Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution (PPBE)
        3. Defense Acquisition System (DAS)
        4. Systems Engineering Process (SE)
        5. Portfolio Management (PFM)
      3. DoD Enterprise Architecture Examples
        1. DoD EA
        2. Department of the Air Force EA
        3. Navy EA
        4. Army EA
        5. DoD Information Enterprise Architecture
        6. DoD Business Enterprise Architecture
      4. Questions
      5. Reference List
    3. 4.3 Enterprise Architecture and the Commercial Sector
      1. TOGAF 9.0 in Relation to the Views and Models of This Guide
      2. The Architecture Development Methodology
        1. Phase A: Architecture Vision
        2. Phase B: The Business Architecture
        3. Phase C: Information Systems Architecture
        4. Phase D: Technology Architecture
        5. Phase E: Opportunities and Solutions
        6. Phase F: Migration Planning
        7. Phase G: Implementation Governance
        8. Phase H: Architecture Change Management
        9. Requirements Management
      3. TOGAF Iteration
      4. Integrated Architecture
      5. TOGAF Artifacts
      6. Questions
      7. Reference List
  16. Part V Resources
    1. 5.1 EA Tools and Repositories
      1. Select Your Framework
      2. Select Your Modeling Techniques and Methodologies
      3. Select Your Modeling Standards
        1. Integrated Definition Language 0 (Activity Modeling)
        2. Unified Modeling Language (UML)
        3. Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN)
        4. Business Process Execution Language (BPEL)
      4. Select Your Architecture Data Exchange Standards
      5. Define or Select Your Modeling Lifecycle Processes
      6. How Do Tools Assist in EA Development?
      7. Methodology-Independent Tools
      8. Methodology-Specific Tools
      9. Process Support Tools
      10. Integrated Model Development
      11. Support for Fit-for-Purpose Views
      12. Configuration Management and Model Releases
      13. Tool-Based Document Generation
      14. Tool-Generated Model Dissemination
      15. Tool-Selection Criteria
        1. Technical Criteria
        2. Business Criteria
        3. Integration Criteria
        4. Functionality Criteria
      16. What Is an EA Repository?
        1. Repository Metamodel
        2. Benefits of the Repository Metamodel
        3. How Does a Repository Integrate Models?
        4. DoDAF Core Architecture Data Model (CADM)
        5. DoDAF DM2 Repository Metamodel
        6. TOGAF 9 Repository Metamodel
      17. How Do EA Tools Work with a Repository?
        1. Interface Standards
        2. Metamodel Unification
        3. Framework-Provided Semantics
      18. Repository Selection Criteria
      19. Questions
      20. Reference List
    2. 5.2 A Case Study: Richard M. Nixon International Airport, CA
      1. Selecting the Scope of the Enterprise
      2. Strategic Thrust
      3. Planning for the Future
      4. Passenger Processing Capabilities
      5. Cargo Processing Capabilities
      6. Revenue Generation Capabilities
      7. Stakeholders
      8. Geographical Considerations
      9. Information and Technology Infrastructure
      10. Management and Governance
      11. FEAC’s 50,000 View of the Role of the Enterprise Architecture
  17. Glossary
  18. Index
  19. Footnotes
    1. Part 1 Footnote
    2. Part 2 Footnote
    3. Part 4 Footnote