< Introducing London
The History of London
A painting of Henry VIII with his third wife, Jane Seymour, and their son, Prince Edward, circa 1545.
Although there was only a small collection of huts beside the River Thames at the time of the first Roman invasion in 55 BC, some 100 years later, a small port and trading community had been established, which the Romans called “Londinium”. Growing rapidly, London was the obvious choice for the capital by the time of the Norman Conquest in 1066. Over the next 1,000 years, the city grew in size and importance, becoming one of the major cities of the world.
In AD 43, rampaging Romans ...