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Eye-Tracking Technology Applications in Educational Research

Book Description

Since its inception, eye-tracking technology has evolved into a critical device in psychological and sociological settings. By tracking eye movement, one can conduct lie detection, learn about neuropsychology, and measure reading response. Recently, these technologies have been implemented in Educational and School Psychology as a way to assess how students interact with content. Eye-Tracking Technology Applications in Educational Research enriches the current pool of educational research with cutting-edge applications of eye tracking in education. Seeking to advance this emergent, interdisciplinary field, this publication collects a diverse group of researchers exploring all aspects of this technology as an essential reference for educators, researchers, administrators, and advanced graduate students.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Preface
    1. EYE TRACKING RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES
    2. EYE TRACKING AS A FUTURE TOOL FOR EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND PRACTICE
    3. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    4. REFERENCES
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Section 1: Methodological Issues
    1. Chapter 1: Eye-Tracking as a Research Methodology in Educational Context
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. BRIDGING FRAMEWORK BETWEEN EYE MOVEMENTS AND LEARNING
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 2: Using Eye Movements to Study Reading Processes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES
      3. SUMMARY
      4. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 3: Investigating Mindsets and Motivation through Eye Tracking and Other Physiological Measures
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHY ARE PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES IMPORTANT FOR STUDYING MOTIVATION?
      4. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      5. PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES IN NATURALISTIC SETTINGS
      6. INTERVENTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
  9. Section 2: Eye-Tracking and Language Comprehension
    1. Chapter 4: Eye Movement Behavior and Individual Differences in Word Identification During Reading
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BASIC EYE MOVEMENT BEHAVIORS
      4. INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN EYE MOVEMENT BEHAVIOR
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 5: Eye Tracking and Spoken Language Comprehension
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SPOKEN LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Section 3: Multimedia Learning
    1. Chapter 6: Tracking Children's Interactions with Traditional Text and Computer-Based Early Literacy Media
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      4. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 7: The Use of Eye-gaze to Understand Multimedia Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND ON EYE-GAZE RESEARCH
      4. EYE-GAZE MEASURES IN MULTIMEDIA RESEARCH
      5. CONSIDERATIONS FOR USING EYE-GAZE MEASURES TO UNDERSTAND MULTIMEDIA LEARNING
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. APPENDIX
    3. Chapter 8: The Use of Eye Tracking as a Research and Instructional Tool in Multimedia Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EYE TRACKING PARAMETERS USED IN MULTIMEDIA LEARNING STUDIES
      4. EYE TRACKING AS A RESEARCH TOOL
      5. EYE TRACKING AS AN INSTRUCTIONAL TOOL
      6. CHALLENGES OF USING EYE TRACKING IN MULTIMEDIA RESEARCH
      7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 4: Mathematics Learning
    1. Chapter 9: Eye-Tracking the Emergence of Attentional Anchors in a Mathematics Learning Tablet Activity
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EMERGENCE OF ATTENTIONAL ANCHORS IN MATHEMATICAL LEARNING
      5. STUDY 1: WORKING WITH ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
      6. STUDY 2: WORKING WITH PRE-VOCATIONAL-SCHOOL STUDENTS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. IMPLICATIONS
      9. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 10: How Revisions to Mathematical Visuals Affect Cognition
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE CURRENT STUDY
      5. METHOD
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  12. Section 5: Visual-Spatial Learning
    1. Chapter 11: Using Eye-Tracking Technology to Understand How Graphic Organizers Aid Student Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. GRAPHIC ORGANIZER RESEARCH USING EYE-TRACKING TECHNOLOGY
      5. RESEARCH LIMITATIONS AND DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 12: The Use of Eye-Tracking in Spatial Thinking Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EYE-TRACKING IN SPATIAL THINKING RESEARCH
      5. SPATIAL TRAINING AND EDUCATION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  13. Section 6: Special Populations
    1. Chapter 13: The Visual World Paradigm in Children with Spoken Language Disorders
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DATA ANALYSIS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 14: Eye-Tracking Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  14. Compilation of References
  15. About the Contributors