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Exploring the Effectiveness of Online Education in K-12 Environments

Book Description

The integration of technology in classrooms is rapidly emerging as a way to provide more educational opportunities for students. As virtual learning environments become more popular, evaluating the impact of this technology on student success is vital. Exploring the Effectiveness of Online Education in K-12 Environments combines empirical evidence and best practices in current K-12 distance learning and virtual schools. Emphasizing current research and opportunities, this book is an all-inclusive reference source for administrators, teachers, researchers, teacher educators, and policymakers interested in the development and implementation of blended and electronic learning in primary and secondary education.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Foreword
  7. Preface
    1. CONTEXT AND PURPOSE
    2. HOW TO USE THIS BOOK
    3. CONCLUSION
  8. Section 1: Issues, Challenges, and Trends in Quality Online K-12 Education
    1. Chapter 1: Online Learning in Illinois High Schools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 2: Challenges, Opportunities, and Trends in Quality K-12 Online Environments
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DEFINING ONLINE EDUCATION
      5. THE LANDSCAPE OF ONLINE EDUCATION
      6. BENEFITS OF ONLINE EDUCATION
      7. CHALLENGES OF ONLINE EDUCATION
      8. RECOMMENDATIONS AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Meeting the Demand for Online Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
      4. RESEARCH CONTEXT
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. FINDINGS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 4: Unbounded Reading
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  9. Section 2: K-12 Online Course Development and Instructional Design
    1. Chapter 5: Practical Guidelines for Creating Online Courses in K-12 Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INITIAL CONSIDERATIONS
      4. SYNCHRONOUS OR ASYNCHRONOUS?
      5. CHOOSING A LEARNING MANANGEMENT SYSTEM
      6. COURSE DEVELOPMENT
      7. CREATING ENGAGING ASSIGNMENTS
      8. ASSESSING STUDENT PARTICIPATION AND LEARNING
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 6: Synchronous Text Chat (EduTexting) as an Online Learning Tool
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EXPLORING EDUCATIONAL APPLICATIONS FOR TEXT CHAT
      5. EDUTEXTING AS A TOOL FOR ONLINE LEARNING
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 7: Learning Theory and Online Learning in K-12 Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS (THEORY) AND ONLINE LEARNING IN K-12 EDUCATION
      5. PROSPECTS
      6. CHALLENGES
      7. RECOMMENDATION FOR FUTURE STUDIES
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Section 3: Instructional Models in K-12 Online Teacher Education
    1. Chapter 8: Effective Online Learning Begins with Effective Teacher Preparation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 9: The Ever-Evolving Educator
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 10: Online Learning in K-College Classrooms
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. INTEGRATING COMMUNITY OF INQUIRY PRESENCES INTO EFFECTIVE TEACHING PRACTICE
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 11: Establishing a Mentoring Relationship between Pre-Service and Mentor Teachers through Windows into Teaching and Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. UNIQUE OPPORTUNITIES VIA WINDOWS INTO TEACHING AND LEARNING
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. AUTHOR’S NOTE
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 4: Transitioning from Face-to-Face to Virtual K-12 Learning Environments: Emerging Technologies and Promising Pedagogical Practices
    1. Chapter 12: Providing Elementary and Middle School Science Teachers with Content and Pedagogical Professional Development in an Online Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. STUDY CONTEXT AND METHODS
      5. STUDY RESULTS AND FINDINGS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION
      9. AUTHOR NOTE
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 13: Challenges and Opportunities in the First Year of a 11 iPad Initiative in a High-Poverty, Highly Diverse Urban High School
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      4. METHODOLOGY AND DATA SOURCES
      5. PRELIMINARY FINDINGS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PRACTICE
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX 1. CLASSROOM OBSERVATION PROTOCOL INSTRUMENT
      12. APPENDIX 2. HIGH SCHOOL TEACHER FOCUS GROUP PROTOCOL
      13. APPENDIX 3. ONLINE STUDENT TECHNOLOGY SKILLS AND EXPERIENCES SURVEY
      14. APPENDIX 4. STUDENT IPAD USE SURVEY
      15. APPENDIX 5. TEACHER IPAD SURVEY
    3. Chapter 14: Teaching History in the Digital Age
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EVALUATING SOURCES AND USING EVIDENCE (DIMENSION 3)
      4. DEVELOPING QUESTIONS AND PLANNING INQUIRIES (DIMENSION 1)
      5. APPLYING DISCIPLINARY CONCEPTS AND TOOLS (DIMENSION 2)
      6. COMMUNICATING CONCLUSIONS AND TAKING INFORMED ACTION (DIMENSION 4)
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 15: 3D Multi-User Virtual Environments in Science Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. POTENTIAL OF 3D MUVE IN SCIENCE EDUCATION
      5. CHALLENGES OF USING 3D MUVE IN SCIENCE EDUCATION
      6. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 16: Online Discussion Boards in the Constructivist Classroom
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PEDAGOGY AND PHILOSOPHY IN THE ASSESSMENT ERA
      4. THEORETICAL CONTEXT
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX
  12. Section 5: Examining Issues of Diversity in Online K-12 Teaching and Learning
    1. Chapter 17: Best Pedagogical Practices for Acknowledging and Accommodating Diversity in Online Courses
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTION
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 18: The Integration of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy and Project-Based Learning in a Blended Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE CASE (STUDY) FOR PROJECT-BASED LEARNING AND CULTURALLY RELEVANT PEDAGOGY
      5. FINDINGS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. IMPLICATIONS
      8. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 19: High School Teachers' Gender-Oriented Perceptions of Technology Integration
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. TEACHERS' PRECEPTIONS OF TECHNOLOGY AND REPORTED INTEGRATION
      5. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION OF RESULTS
      6. IMPLICATIONS AND SCHOLARLY SIGNIFICANCE
      7. RECOMMENDATIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH
      8. IMPLICATIONS FOR ONLINE LEARNING
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. APPENDIX 1
      13. APPENDIX 2
  13. Compilation of References
  14. About the Contributors