In this chapter, you are introduced to the Linux operating system and software tools that can be used with the BeagleBone. This chapter aims to ensure that you can connect to your BeagleBone and control it. By the end of this chapter you should be able to “blink” a system LED having followed a step‐by‐step guide that demonstrates how you can use Linux shell commands in a Linux terminal window. In this chapter, you are also introduced to a library of BeagleBone functions, called BoneScript, which can be used with Node.js and the Cloud9 integrated development environment to build code that flashes the same system LED.
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A Linux distribution is a publicly available version of Linux that is packaged with a set of software programs and tools. There are many different Linux distributions, which are typically focused on different applications. For example, high‐end server owners might install Red Hat Enterprise, Debian, or OpenSUSE; desktop users might install Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora, or Linux Mint. The list is endless, but at the core of all distributions is a common Linux kernel, which was conceived and created by Linus Torvalds ...