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Expertise and Technology by P. Carlo Cacciabue, Erik Hollnagel, Pietro C. Cacciabue, Jean-Michel Hoc

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8

From Real Situations to Training Situations: Conservation of Functionalities

Janine ROGALSKI

CNRS - University of Paris 8

Simulation is often presented as the core of training and competences assessment in Dynamic Environment Management. The question of why and how to modify or conserve real task functionalities is a crucial one. Organizational settings, human-human interactions, resources and constraints are task components which may be affected in the transposition of real situations into simulation situations. The key components of professional expertise are presented in a model of operational knowledge as a framework for analyzing competences and training. The central point is then developed: How intractable new situations may become manageable ...

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